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1 This is referred to by Cicero, in his treatise, De Divinatione, B. i. c. 44, and B. ii. c. 27; in the latter he treats it as an idle tale.—B.
2 See B. iii. c. 8.
3 C. Papirius Carbo, a contemporary and friend of the Gracchi. In B. C. 119, the orator, Licinius Crassus, brought a charge against him, the nature of which is not known; but Carbo put an end to his life, by taking cantharides.
4 These different species are thus characterized by Cuvier: "Les premiers sent les souris et les rats, de formes ordinaires; les seconds, les grandes musaraignes [shrew-mice] de la taille du rat, telles que l'on te trouve en Egypte; les troisiemes, une espece de souris particuliere i l'Egypte, et peut-être á la Barbaric, armée d'epines parmi ses poils dont Aristote avait deja parle (B. vi. 1. 37, cap. ult.) et que AM. Geoffroy a re- trouvée et nommée mus cahirinus." Ajasson, vol. vi. p. 467, and Le- maire, ubi supra.—B. See B. viii. c. 55, and B. x. c. 85.
5 Ælian, Hist. Anim. B. v. c. 11, mentions this circumstance, but says that it occurred in the island of Paros. For Gyara, see B. iv. c. 23.
6 We have two passages in Livy, B. xxvii. and B. xxx., where gold is said to have been gnawed by mice.—B.
7 See B. iii. c. 9. In B. C. 217, this place was occupied by Fabius with a strong garrison, to prevent Hannibal from passing the Vulturnus; and the following year, after the battle of Cannæ, was occupied by a small body of Roman troops, who, though little more than 1000 in number, withstood the assaults of Hannibal during a protracted siege, until compelled by famine to surrender.
8 This sun would be about £ 7.—B.
9 It is by no means improbable that "occentus" here means "singing," and not merely "squeaking;" as the singing of a mouse would no doubt be deemed particularly ill-boding in those times. At the present day, a mouse has been heard to emit a noise which more nearly resembled singing than squeaking; and a "singing mouse" has been the subject of an exhibition more than once.
10 We have frequent allusions to this occurrence in the writings of the Romans, some of which are referred to by Dalechamps; Lemaire, vol. iii. p. 563.—B.
11 A.U.C. 639; it does not appear what was the cause of this prohibition.—B.
12 See B. xxxvi. c. 2.
13 Fulvius Lupinus, as already stated in c. 78.—B.
14 "Nitelis." See B. xvi. o. 69. Probably the animal now known as the Myoxus nitela of Linnæus.
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