and the foreign, to Lucius Cornelius Scipio. The province of Sardinia fell to Marcus Atilius, who was ordered to sail over to Corsica with a new legion, raised by the consuls, and consisting of five thousand foot and three hundred horse; and while he was engaged in carrying on the war there, Cornelius was continued in command, that he might hold the government of Sardinia.
To Cneius Servilius Caepio, for the service of Farther Spain, and to Publius Furius Philus for that of Hither Spain, the following troops were assigned —to each, three thousand Roman foot with one hundred and fifty horse, and five thousand Latin foot with three hundred horse.
Sicily was decreed to Lucius Claudius, without any reinforcement.
The consuls were ordered to levy two more legions, of the regular numbers of foot and horse, and to demand from the allies ten thousand foot and six hundred horse: but they met great difficulty in making the levies; for the pestilence, which the year before had fallen on the cattle, in the present year attacked the human species.
Such as were seized by it, seldom survived the seventh day; those who did survive, lingered under a tedious disorder, which generally turned to a quartan ague. The slaves especially perished, of whom heaps lay unburied on all the roads. The necessary requisites could not be procured for the funerals of those of free condition.
The bodies were consumed by putrefaction, without being touched by the dogs or vultures; and it was universally observed, that during that and the preceding year, while the mortality of cattle and men was so great, no vultures were any where seen.
Of the public priests, there died by this contagion, Cneius Servilius Caepio, father of the praetor, a pontiff; Tiberius Sempronius Longus, son of Tiberius, decemvir of religious rites; Publius Aelius Paetus, and Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, augurs; Caius Mamilius Vitulus, chief curio; and Marcus Sempronius Tuditanus, a [p. 1947]
pontiff. In the vacant places of pontiff2
were chosen * * * * and Caius Sulpicius Galba, in the room of Tuditanus. The augurs substituted were, Titus Veturius Gracchus Sempronianus, in place of Gracchus; and Quintus Aelius Paetus, in place
of Publius Aelius. Caius Sempronius Longus was made decemvir of religious rites, and Caius Scribonius Curio, chief curio. When the termination of the plague was not visible, the senate voted that the decemvirs should consult the Sibylline books; and, by their directions, a supplication of one day was performed; and the people assembled in the forum made a vow, whilst Quintus Marcius Philippus dictated the words, that “if the sickness and pestilence should
be removed out of the Roman territory, they would solemnize a festival and thanksgiving of two days' continuance.” In the district of Veil, a boy was
born with two heads; at Sinuessa, one with a single hand; and at Oximum, a girl with teeth; in the middle of the day, the sky being perfectly clear, a rainbow was seen, stretching over the temple of Saturn, in the Roman forum, and three
suns shone at once; and the following night many lights were seen gliding through the air, about Lanuvium. The people of Caere affirmed that there had appeared in their town a snake with a mane, having its body marked with spots like gold; and it was fully proved that an ox had spoken in Campania.