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1 B.C. 423
2 The decurion commanded a decuria (ten men). There were three decuriae in a turma, or squadron, and ten turmae in the three centuries of horse which accompanied a legion.
3 The parma (“buckler” or “target”) was the trooper's shield, much smaller than the scutum of the foot-soldier.
4 The vexillum, a small red flag, was used as a cavalry ensign.
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