Summary of Book XVI
THE origin of the Carthaginians and the beginnings
of their city are described. against them and against
Hiero, king of the Syracusans, the senate determined
to assist the Mamertines, after a bitter debate about the
proposal between its advocates and its opponents. then
for the first time Roman cavalry1
crossed the sea, and fought a number of victorious engagements against Hiero.
on his suing for peace, it was granted him. The lustrum
was closed by the censors. there were enumerated
382,234 citizens. Decimus Junius Brutus was the first
to give a gladiatorial exhibition, in honour of his dead
father. The colony of Aesernia was planted. The book
contains also successful operations carried on against the
Carthaginians and the Vulsinii.