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1 At this time only landowners served in the army, but some of these soldiers had been under arms for sixteen years and had lost all their property. This is, according to Livy, the first such measure to aid veterans, but in the later Republic such distributions were common. See also xlix. 5 below.
2 B.C. 201
3 Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, who had brought the war to a successful conclusion.
4 One of the four praetors was at this time assigned by lot as praetor urbanus, in charge of judicial administration. He ranked next after the consuls and administered affairs in the city in their absence.
5 Such boards usually consisted of three members only. This task seemed especially difficult or important.
6 These districts had revolted to Hannibal, and part of their land was taken from them in punishment.
7 Apparently a fragmentary quotation from the law itself.
8 The ludi Romani, of great antiquity, and the ludi plebeii, dating from the period of the Second Punic War, were celebrated in September and November respectively. In the later Republic each festival lasted two weeks. The object of each was the worship of Jupiter Optimus Maximus, and in his especial honour a banquet was held on the thirteenth of the month. Performances were supervised by the curule and plebeian aediles respectively, the cost being paid by the state, though private funds were contributed in addition, and lavish expenditures of this sort were considered necessary for an aspirant to political distinction. As early as the middle of the fourth century B.C., dramatic performances were added to the other spectacles, at least in the ludi Romani. Since these were religious ceremonies, admission was free.
9 The office of plebeian aedile was created with the tribunate in 494 B.C., and that of curule aedile, reserved to patricians, in 366 B.C. By this time both were open to patricians and plebeians alike. The supervision of the games was one of their chief functions.
10 B.C. 201
11 Religious flaws in the performance, unfavourable omens, and similar occurrences might cause the partial or total repetition of the games. The aediles might also desire to gain increased prestige by expenditures on a grand scale, and so find or manufacture causes for their renewal: this may have been the case on this occasion.
12 See note on “Roman Games” above.
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