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1 B.C. 191
2 Livy here transfers to Greece a Roman institution of which there is no other trace in Greece. The precise status of these dependents is then uncertain.
3 At this distance of time and space, the war with Antiochus so far seems to have the character of comic opera: the extravagant promises of Antiochus and the Aetolians; the insignificant forces; the childish hesitation and frequent changes of plan; the feeble discipline; the burlesque scene of the marriage; the futile conquest of Thessaly; the inglorious retirement to the site of one of the most splendid events in ancient history. Rome must almost have repented of her elaborate preparations.
4 B.C. 191
5 Livy conceives of the pass as the terminus of a mountain barrier crossing Greece in a west-east direction. With reference to that barrier he places the principal geographical subdivisions. His comparison with the Apennines is graphic but misleading, since the geographical importance of the two ranges is quite unlike; the historical importance of Thermopylae is no doubt responsible. The pass begins here to figure in Roman history and this geographical excursus is therefore pertinent, though not in Livy's ordinary manner.
6 “Pylae” means literally “Gates,” “Thermopylae” “Hot Gates.”
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