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1 For their embassy to Antiochus and their anticipations of trouble with the Achaeans, see v. 1-2 above.
2 The Achaeans were trying to induce these two cities voluntarily to join them or, if necessary, to coerce them.
3 B.C. 191
4 Livy does not mention it, but a short time before Philopoemen had released Messene from the domination of Nabis (Pausanias IV. xxix. 4); it had probably favoured Antiochus. Cities within Achaean territory but not members of the League were of course constant menaces to the League.
5 Diophanes had succeeded Philopoemen as Achaean strategus in the fall of 191 B.C.
6 Quinctius had no authority from any source, Roman or Greek, to issue orders to the Greeks. He based his actions on his prestige and his peculiar position as the liberator of Greece, and they were rarely challenged by the Greek states.
7 B.C. 191
8 Now that Rome was permanently involved in the east, Zacynthos had a certain strategic value, since it was important to have all possible naval bases closed to foreign powers. Rome had occupied it in 211 B.C. (XXVI. xxiv. 15), but in some manner it had passed into Philip's possession. Livy relates its subsequent history in the following sections. For some reason Quinctius makes no mention of Rome's earlier interest.
9 In 207 B.C. (XXVIII. vii. 14) or 205 B.C. (XXIX. xii. 1).
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