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1 Ptolemy was the son-in-law of Antiochus (XXXV. xiii. 4).
2 B.C. 191
3 The quantity is doubtful (see the critical note). I have followed what seems to be the most trustworthy authority.
4 The treaty of peace with Carthage provided for annual payments of tribute for fifty years (XXX. xxxvii.. 5; Polybius XV. xviii). The Carthaginians were prepared to pay at once the entire balance. The financial reforms introduced by Hannibal (XXXIII. xlvii. 1-2) had apparently been effective.
5 The sources quoted in the preceding note say nothing of any obligation to furnish ships to Rome, aside from the surrender of vessels on hand at the close of the war. However, we see from xliv. 5 below that there were Carthaginian ships in the fleet of Livius in the east.
6 B.C. 191
7 Editors are disagreed as to the interpretation of this somewhat ungracious reply. Some say that Rome feared to lose her hold on Carthage; it is pleasanter to believe with others that Rome wanted to give the impression to Carthage as to Philip, both of whom seem exceedingly generous, that she was able with her own resources to meet even an emergency of this magnitude. It would be interesting to know whether these recent enemies were simply politic or were really as well-disposed as their offers of help indicates.
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