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1 Cf. XXX. xlv. 5. The pilleus was the conical cap worn by newly-manumitted slaves.
2 Cf. lvi. 4 below. The tomb of the Scipios, still to be seen, is close to this gate.
3 Livy becomes so involved in his discussion of the partisanship of Culleo that he has to make a fresh start in his sentence.
4 B.C. 187
5 They have not been mentioned before as legati of Scipio.
6 They were discharged for lack of evidence by the praetor at the preliminary hearing; there seemed to be a prima facie case against the others.
7 Livy is more charitable than on other occasions towards the vagaries of Antias; it is not quite clear what the annalist said about the fine.
8 Reckoning one pound of gold as 4,000 sesterces and one pound of silver as 336 sesterces, 6,000 pounds of gold, leaving the silver out of account, would be 24,000,000 sesterces; reversing the figures, 480 pounds of gold (1,920,000 sesterces) plus 6,000 pounds of silver (2,016,000 sesterces) would produce approximately 4,000,000 sesterces to be recovered by the fine. (I have borrowed these calculations from Weissenborn- Müller, from Mommsen and Hultsch.)
9 This other tradition (Polybius or another annalist) may be the actual source of this criticism of Antias. At any rate, Livy appears at this point to abandon Antias, whom he has followed from 1. 5 above, in favour of another authority. He appears also to go back to Antias at chap. lviii. below.
10 That is, 4,000,000 sesterces.
11 B.C. 187
12 This anecdote is told also by Polybius (XXIV. ix; he has also the following story), Gellius (IV. xviii. 7-12), Auct. De Vir. III. (49. 17), all with small variations. Polybius alone mentions definite sums, substituting 3,000 talents and 15,000 talents for those given by Livy. Under the circumstances it seems useless to try to determine whether Polybius or an annalist, probably Claudius, is Livy's source. The following chapter well illustrates the uncertainty which still exists regarding these events.
13 No pre-Livian source for this anecdote is known except Polybius; he makes it clear that this episode had nothing to do with the preceding. The impossibility of equating the sums given by Polybius (see the preceding note) with those of Livy leaves it doubtful still whether Polybius is the source for both anecdotes. The second means, of course, that it was due to Scipio that there was any money to be guarded in the treasury.
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