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21. Marcius inde in barbaros, si qui nondum perdomiti erant, sub ius dicionemque redigendos missus. Scipio Carthaginem ad vota solvenda deis munusque gladiatorium, quod mortis causa patris patruique paraverat, edendum rediit. [2] gladiatorum spectaculum fuit non ex eo genere hominum ex quo lanistis comparare mos est, servorum de catasta ac liberorum1 qui venalem sanguinem habent: voluntaria omnis et gratuita opera pugnantium fuit. [3] nam alii missi ab regulis sunt ad specimen insitae genti virtutis [p. 88] ostendendum, [4] alii ipsi professi se pugnaturos in gratiam2 ducis, alios aemulatio et certamen, ut provocarent provocative3 haud abnuerent traxit; [5] quidam quas disceptando controversias finire nequierant aut noluerant, pacto4 inter se ut victorem res sequeretur, ferro decreverunt. [6] neque obscuri generis homines sed clari inlustresque, Corbis et Orsua, patrueles fratres, de principatu civitatis quam Ibem vocabant ambigentes, ferro se certaturos professi sunt. [7] corbis maior erat aetate; Orsuae pater princeps proxime fuerat, a fratre maiore post mortem eius principatu accepto. [8] cum verbis disceptare Scipio vellet ac sedare iras, negatum id ambo dicere cognatis communibus, nec alium deorum hominumve quam Martem se iudicem habituros esse. [9] robore maior, minor flore aetatis ferox, mortem in certamine quam ut alter alterius imperio subiceretur praeoptantes, cum dirimi ab tanta rabie nequirent, insigne spectaculum exercitui praebuere documentumque quantum cupiditas imperii malum inter mortales esset. [10] Maior usu armorum et astu facile stolidas vires minoris superavit. huic gladiatorum spectaculo ludi funebres additi pro copia provinciali et castrensi apparatu.

1 de catasta ac liberorum, corrected by Ursinus (but with aut) from de causa ac liberorum of SpN3(-torum J: -tinorum K):ac liberorum Weissenborn: om.P(1)N, one line; followed by Gronovius, with quive for qui.

2 A.U.C. 548

3 -ve P(1)n Aldus: -que Sp?JK Froben 2.

4 pacto P(1)NSp?JK Froben 2: pacti x Aldus, Madvig, Riemann.

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  • Commentary references to this page (12):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 31-32, commentary, 31.50
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 31-32, commentary, 31.7
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 31-32, commentary, 32.33
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 33.13
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 33.48
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 33-34, commentary, 34.2
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 35.2
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 35.33
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 35-38, commentary, 38.3
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 39-40, commentary, 39.26
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 39-40, commentary, 40.6
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita libri, erklärt von M. Weissenborn, books 41-42, commentary, 42.52
  • Cross-references to this page (12):
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Lanistae
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Ludi
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Orsua
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Corbis
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Frater
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Funebres
    • Titus Livius (Livy), Ab urbe condita, Index, Gladiatorea
    • Harper's, Gladiatōres
    • A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890), GLADIATO´RES
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), CARTHA´GO NOVA
    • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854), IBES
    • Smith's Bio, Corbis
  • Cross-references in general dictionaries to this page (14):
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