previous next


A church.

Come, Friar Francis, be brief; only
to the plain form of marriage, and you shall
recount their particular duties afterwards.

You come hither, my lord, to marry
this lady.


To be married to her: friar, you
come to marry her.

Lady, you come hither to be married (10)
to this count.

I do.

If either of you know any inward
impediment why you should not be conjoined,
I charge you, on your souls, to utter it.

Know you any, Hero?

None, my lord.

Know you any, count?

I dare make his answer, none.

O, what men dare do! what men
may do! what men daily do, not knowing (21)
what they do!

How now! interjections? Why,
then, some be of laughing, as, ah, ha, he!

Stand thee by, friar. Father, by your leave:

Will you with free and unconstrained soul

Give me this maid, your daughter?

As freely, son, as God did give her me.

And what have I to give you back, whose worth

May counterpoise this rich and precious gift? (30)

D. Pedro.
Nothing, unless you render her again.

Sweet prince, you learn me noble thankfulness.

There, Leonato, take her back again:

Give not this rotten orange to your friend;

She's but the sign and semblance of her honor.

Behold how like a maid she blushes here!

O, what authority and show of truth

Can cunning sin cover itself withal!

Comes not that blood as modest evidence

To witness simple virtue? Would you not swear, (40)

All you that see her, that she were a maid,

By these exterior shows? But she is none:

She knows the heat of a luxurious bed;

Her blush is guiltiness, not modesty.

What do you mean, my lord?

Not to be married,

Not to knit my soul to an approved wanton.

Dear my lord, if you, in your own proof,

Have vanquish'd the resistance of her youth,

And made defeat of her virginity,—

I know what you would say: if I have known her,

You will say she did embrace me as a husband, (50)

And so extenuate the 'forehand sin:

No, Leonato,

I never tempted her with word too large;

But, as a brother to his sister, show'd

Bashful sincerity and comely love.

And seem'd I ever otherwise to you?

Out on thee! Seeming! I will write against it:

You seem to me as Dian in her orb,

As chaste as is the bud ere it be blown;

But you are more intemperate in your blood (61)

Than Venus, or those pamper'd animals

That rage in savage sensuality.

Is my lord well, that he doth speak so wide?

Sweet prince, why speak not you?

D. Pedro.
What should I speak?

I stand dishonor'd, that have gone about

To link my dear friend to a common stale.

Are these things spoken, or do I but dream?

D. John.
Sir, they are spoken, and these things are true.

This looks not like a nuptial.

True! O God! (70)

Leonato, stand I here?

Is this the prince? is this the prince's brother?

Is this face Hero's? are our eyes our own?

All this is so: but what of this, my lord?

Let me but move one question to your daughter;

And, by that fatherly and kindly power

That you have in her, bid her answer truly.

I charge thee do so, as thou art my child.

O, God defend me! how am I beset!

What kind of catechising call you this? (80)

To make you answer truly to your name.

Is it not Hero? Who can blot that name

With any just reproach?

Marry, that can Hero;

Hero itself can blot out Hero's virtue.

What man was he talk'd with you yesternight

Out at your window betwixt twelve and one?

Now, if you are a maid, answer to this.

I talk'd with no man at that hour, my lord.

D. Pedro.
Why, then are you no maiden. Leonato,

I am sorry you must hear: upon mine honor, (90)

Myself, my brother and this grieved count

Did see her, hear her, at that hour last night

Talk with a ruffian at her chamber-window

Who hath indeed, most like a liberal villain,

Confess'd the vile encounters they have had

A thousand times in secret.

D. John.
Fie, fie! they are not to be named, my lord,

Not to be spoke of;

There is not chastity enough in language

Without offence to utter them. Thus, pretty lady, (100)

I am sorry for thy much misgovernment.

O Hero, what a Hero hadst thou been,

If half thy outward graces had been placed

About thy thoughts and counsels of thy heart!

But fare thee well, most foul, most fair! farewell,

Thou pure impiety and impious purity!

For thee I'll lock up all the gates of love,

And on my eyelids shall conjecture hang,

To turn all beauty into thoughts of harm,

And never shall it more be gracious. (110)

Hath no man's dagger here a point for me? [Hero swoons.

Why, how now, cousin! wherefore sink you down?

D. John.
Come, let us go. These things, come thus to light,

Smother her spirits up. [Exeunt Don Pedro, Don John, and Claudio.

How doth the lady?

Dead, I think. Help, uncle!

Hero! why, Hero! Uncle! Signior Benedick! Friar!

O Fate! take not away thy heavy hand.

Death is the fairest cover for her shame

That may be wish'd for.

How now, cousin Hero!

Have comfort, lady. (120)

Dost thou look up?

Yea, wherefore should she not?

Wherefore! Why, doth not every earthly thing

Cry shame upon her? Could she here deny

The story that is printed in her blood?

Do not live, Hero; do not ope thine eyes:

For, did I think thou wouldst not quickly die,

Thought I thy spirits were stronger than thy shames,

Myself would, on the rearward of reproaches,

Strike at thy life. Grieved I, I had but one? (130)

Chid I for that at frugal nature's frame?

O, one too much by thee! Why had I one?

Why ever wast thou lovely in my eyes?

Why had I not with charitable hand

Took up a beggar's issue at my gates,

Who smirch'd thus and mired with infamy,

I might have said 'No part of it is mine;

This shame derives itself from unknown loins'?

But mine and mine I loved and mine I praised

And mine that I was proud on, mine so much (140)

That I myself was to myself not mine,

Valuing of her,—why, she, O, she is fallen

Into a pit of ink, that the wide sea

Hath drops too few to wash her clean again

And salt too little which may season give

To her foul-tainted flesh!

Sir, sir, be patient.

For my part, I am so attired in wonder,

I know not what to say,

O, on my soul, my cousin is belied!

Lady, were you her bedfellow last night? (150)

No, truly not; although, until last night,

I have this twelvemonth been her bedfellow.

Confirm'd, confirm'd! O, that is stronger made

Which was before barr'd up with ribs of iron!

Would the two princes lie, and Claudio lie,

Who loved her so, that, speaking of her foulness,

Wash'd it with tears? Hence from her! let her die.

Hear me a little; for I have only been

Silent so long and given way unto

This course of fortune.... (160)

By noting of the lady I have mark'd

A thousand blushing apparitions

To start into her face, a thousand innocent shames

In angel whiteness beat away those blushes;

And in her eye there hath appear'd a fire,

To burn the errors that these princes hold

Against her maiden truth. Call me a fool;

Trust not my reading nor my observations,

Which with experimental seal doth warrant

The tenor of my book; trust not my age, (170)

My reverence, calling, nor divinity,

If this sweet lady lie not guiltless here

Under some biting error.

Friar, it cannot be.

Thou seest that all the grace that she hath left

Is that she will not add to her damnation

A sin of perjury; she not denies it:

Why seek'st thou then to cover with excuse

That which appears in proper nakedness?

Lady, what man is he you are accused of?

They know that do accuse me; I know none: (180)

If I know more of any man alive

Than that which maiden modesty doth warrant,

Let all my sins lack mercy! O my father,

Prove you that any man with me conversed

At hours unmeet, or that I yesternight

Maintain'd the change of words with any creature,

Refuse me, hate me, torture me to death!

There is some strange misprision in the princes.

Two of them have the very bent of honor;

And if their wisdoms be misled in this, (190)

The practice of it lives in John the bastard,

Whose spirits toil in frame of villanies.

I know not. If they speak but truth of her,

These hands shall tear her; if they wrong her honor,

The proudest of them shall well hear of it.

Time hath not yet so dried this blood of mine,

Nor age so eat up my invention,

Nor fortune made such havoc of my means,

Nor my bad life reft me so much of friends,

But they shall find, awaked in such a kind, (200)

Both strength of limb and policy of mind,

Ability in means and choice of friends,

To quit me of them throughly.

Pause awhile,

And let my counsel sway you in this case.

Your daughter here the princes left for dead:

Let her awhile be secretly kept in,

And publish it that she is dead indeed;

Maintain a mourning ostentation

And on your family's old monument

Hang mournful epitaphs and do all rites (210)

That appertain unto a burial.

What shall become of this? what will this do?

Marry, this well carried shall on her behalf

Change slander to remorse; that is some good:

But not for that dream I on this strange course,

But on this travail look for greater birth.

She dying, as it must be so maintain'd,

Upon the instant that she was accused,

Shall be lamented, pitied and excused (219)

Of every hearer: for it so falls out

That what we have we prize not to the worth

Whiles we enjoy it, but being lack'd and lost,

Why, then we rack the value, then we find

The virtue that possession would not show us

Whiles it was ours. So will it fare with Claudio:

When he shall hear she died upon his words,

The idea of her life shall sweetly creep

Into his study of imagination,

And every lovely organ of her life

Shall come apparell'd in more precious habit, (230)

More moving-delicate and full of life,

Into the eye and prospect of his soul,

Than when she lived indeed; then shall he mourn,

If ever love had interest in his liver,

And wish he had not so accused her,

No, though he thought his accusation true.

Let this be so, and doubt not but success

Will fashion the event in better shape

Than I can lay it down in likelihood.

But if all aim but this be levell'd false, (240)

The supposition of the lady's death

Will quench the wonder of her infamy:

And if it sort not well, you may conceal her,

As best befits her wounded reputation,

In some reclusive and religious life,

Out of all eyes, tongues, minds and injuries.

Signior Leonato, let the friar advise you:

And though you know my inwardness and love

Is very much unto the prince and Claudio,

Yet, by mine honor, I will deal in this (250)

As secretly and justly as your soul

Should with your body.

Being that I flow in grief,

The smallest twine may lead me.

'Tis well consented: presently away;

For to strange sores strangely they strain the cure.

Come, lady, die to live: this wedding-day

Perhaps is but prolong'd: have patience and endure. [Exeunt all but Benedick and Beatrice.

Lady Beatrice, have you wept all this while?

Yea, and I will weep a while longer.

I will not desire that.

You have no reason; I do it freely. (261)

Surely I do believe your fair cousin is wronged.

Ah, how much might the man deserve
of me that would right her!

Is there any way to show such friendship?

A very even way, but no such friend.

May a man do it?

It is a man's office, but not yours.

I do love nothing in the world so (270)
well as you: is not that strange?

As strange as the thing I know not. It
were as possible for me to say I loved nothing
so well as you: but believe me not; and yet I
lie not; I confess nothing, nor I deny nothing.
I am sorry for my cousin.

By my sword, Beatrice, thou lovest me.

Do not swear, and eat it.

I will swear by it that you love me;
and I will make him eat it that says I love not you. (280)

Will you not eat your word?

With no sauce that can be devised to
it. I protest I love thee.

Why, then, God forgive me!

What offence, sweet Beatrice?

You have stayed me in a happy
hour: I was about to protest I loved you.

And do it with all thy heart.

I love you with so much of my heart
that none is left to protest.

Come, bid me do any thing for thee. (291)

Kill Claudio.

Ha! not for the wide world.

You kill me to deny it. Farewell.

Tarry, sweet Beatrice.

I am gone, though I am here: there
is no love in you: nay, I pray you, let me go.


In faith, I will go.

We'll be friends first.

You dare easier be friends with me (301)
than fight with mine enemy.

Is Claudio thine enemy?

Is he not approved in the height a,
villain, that hath slandered, scorned, dishonored
my kinswoman? O that I were a man!
What, bear her in hand until they come to take
hands; and then, with public accusation, uncovered
slander, unmitigated rancor,—O God,
that I were a man! I would eat his heart in the

Hear me, Beatrice,—

Talk with a man out at a window! A
proper saying!

Nay, but, Beatrice,—

Sweet Hero! She is wronged, she is
slandered, she is undone.


Princes and counties! Surely, a
princely testimony, a goodly count, Count
Comfect; a sweet gallant, surely! O that I
were a man for his sake! or that I had any
friend would be a man for my sake! But manhood
is melted into courtesies, valor into compliment,
and men are only turned into tongue,
and trim ones too: he is now a valiant as
Hercules that only tells a lie and swears it. I
cannot be a man with wishing, therefore I will
die a woman with grieving.

Tarry, good Beatrice. By this hand, I love thee.

Use it for my love some other way (330)
than swearing by it.

Think you in your soul the Count
Claudio hath wronged Hero?

Yea, as sure as I have a thought or a soul.

Enough, I am engaged; I will challenge
him. I will kiss your hand, and so I
leave you. By this hand, Claudio shall render
me a dear account. As you hear of me, so
think of me. Go, comfort your cousin: I must
say she is dead: and so, farewell. [Exeunt.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (1 total)
  • Cross-references in text-specific dictionaries to this page (1):
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: