The woods. Before Timon's cave.
Enter Poet and Painter; TIMON watching them from his cave.

As I took note of the place, it cannot
be far where he abides.

What's to be thought of him? does
the rumour hold for true, that he's so full of

Certain: Alcibiades reports it;
Phyrnia and Timandra had gold of him: he
likewise enriched poor straggling soldiers with
great quantity: 'tis said he gave unto his
steward a mighty sum. (10)

Then this breaking of his has been
but a try for his friends.

Nothing else: you shall see him a
palm in Athens again, and flourish with the
highest. Therefore 'tis not amiss we tender
our loves to him, in this supposed distress of
his: it will show honestly in us; and is very
likely to load our purposes with what they
travail for, if it be a just and true report that
goes of his having.

What have you now to present unto

Nothing at this time but my visitation:
only I will promise him an excellent

I must serve him so too, tell him of
an intent that's coming toward him.

Good as the best. Promising is the
very air o' the time: it opens the eyes of
expectation: performance is ever the duller for
his act; and, but in the plainer and simpler
kind of people, the deed of saying is quite out
of use. To promise is most courtly and fashionable:
performance is a kind of will or
testament which argues a great sickness in his
judgement that makes it. Timon comes from his cave, behind.


Excellent workman! thou
canst not paint a man so bad as is thyself.

I am thinking what I shall say I
have provided for him: it must be a personating
of himself; a satire against the softness of
prosperity, with a discovery of the infinite
flatteries that follow youth and opulency.


Must thou needs stand for a
villain in thine own work? wilt thou whip
thine own faults in other men? Do so, I have
gold for thee.

Nay, let's seek him:

Then do we sin against our own estate,

When we may profit meet, and come too late.


When the day serves, before black-corner'd night,

Find what thou want'st by free and offer'd night.


I'll meet you at the turn. What a god's gold,

That he is worshipp'd in a baser temple

Than where swine feed!

'Tis thou that rigg'st the bark and plough'st the foam,

Settlest admired reverence in a slave:

To thee be worship! and thy saints for aye

Be crown'd with plagues that thee alone obey

Fit I meet them. [Coming forward.

Hail, worthy Timon!

Our late noble master!

Have I once lived to see two honest men ? (60)


Having often of your open bounty tasted,

Hearing you were retired, your friends fall'n off,

Whose thankless natures--O abhorred spirits !

Not all the whips of heaven are large enough:

What! to you,

Whose star-like nobleness gave life and influence

To their whole being! I am rapt and cannot cover

The monstrous bulk of this ingratitude

With any size of words. (70)

Let it go naked, men may see 't the better:

You that are honest, by being what you are,

Make them best seen and known.

He and myself

Have travail'd in the great shower of your gifts,

And sweetly felt it.

Ay, you are honest men.

We are hither come to offer you our service.

Most honest men! Why, how shall I requite you?

Can you eat roots, and drink cold water? no.

What we can do, we'll do, to do you service.

Ye're honest men: ye've heard that I have gold; (80)

I am sure you have: speak truth; ye're honest men.

So it is said, my noble lord; but therefore

Came not my friend nor I.

Good honest men! Thou draw'st a counterfeit

Best in all Athens: thou'rt, indeed, the best;

Thou counterfeit'st most lively.

So, so, my lord.

E'en so, sir, as I say. And, for thy fiction,

Why, thy verse swells with stuff so fine and smooth

That thou art even natural in thine art.

But, for all this, my honest-natured friends, (90)

I must needs say you have a little fault:

Marry, 'tis not monstrous in you, neither wish I

You take much pains to mend.

Beseech your honour

To make it known to us.

You'll take it ill.

Most thankfully, my lord.

Will you, indeed?

Doubt it not, worthy lord.

There's never one of you but trusts a knave,

That mightily deceives you.

Do we, my lord?

Ay, and you hear him cog, see him dissemble,

Know his gross patchery, love him, feed him, (100)

Keep in your bosom: yet remain assured

That he's a made-up villain.

I know none such, my lord.

Nor I.

Look you, I love you well; I'll give you gold,

Rid me these villains from your companies:

Hang them or stab them, drown them in a draught,

Confound them by some course, and come to me,

I'll give you gold enough.

Name them, my lord, let's know them.

You that way and you this, but two in company; (110)

Each man apart, all single and alone,

Yet an arch-villain keeps him company.

If where thou art two villains shall not be,

Come not near him. If thou wouldst not reside

But where one villain is, then him abandon.

Hence, pack! there's gold; you came for gold, ye slaves: [To Painter]

You have work'd for me; there 's payment for you: hence!
[To Poet]

You are an alchemist; make gold of that.

Out, rascal dogs! Beats them out, and then retires to his cave.
Enter FLAVIUS and two Senators.

It is in vain that you would speak with Timon; (120)

For he is set so only to himself

That nothing but himself which looks like man

Is friendly with him.

First Sen.
Bring us to his cave:

It is our part and promise to the Athenians

To speak with Timon.

Sec. Sen.
At all times alike

Men are not still the same: 'twas time and griefs

That framed him thus: time, with his fairer hand,

Offering the fortunes of his former days,

The former man may make him. Bring us to him,

And chance it as it may.

Here is his cave. (130)

Peace and content be here Lord Timon! Timon!

Look out, and speak to friends: the Athenians,

By two of their most reverend senate, greet thee:

Speak to them, noble Timon. TIMON comes from his cave.

Thou sun, that comfort'st, burn! Speak, and be hang'd:

For each true word, a blister! and each false

Be as a cauterizing to the root o' the tongue,

Consuming it with speaking!

First Sen.
Worthy Timon,--

Of none but such as you, and you of Timon.

First Sen.
The senators of Athens greet thee, Timon. (140)

I thank them; and would send them back the plague,

Could I but catch it for them.

First Sen.
O, forget

What we are sorry for ourselves in thee.

The senators with one consent of love

Entreat thee back to Athens; who have thought

On special dignities, which vacant lie

For thy best use and wearing.

Sec. Sen.
They confess

Toward the forgetfulness too general, gross:

Which now the public body, which doth seldom

Play the recanter, feeling in itself (150)

A lack of Timon's aid, hath sense withal

Of it own fail, restraining aid to Timon;

And send forth us, to make their sorrow'd render,

Together with a recompense more fruitful

Than their offence can weigh down by the dram;

Ay, even such heaps and sums of love and wealth

As shall to thee blot out what wrongs were theirs

And write in thee the figures of their love,

Ever to read them thine.

You witch me in it;

Surprise me to the very brink of tears:

Lend me a fool's heart and a woman's eyes, (161)

And I'll beweep these comforts, worthy senators.

First Sen.
Therefore, so please thee to return with us

And of our Athens, thine and ours, to take

The captainship, thou shalt be met with thanks,

Allow'd with absolute power and thy good name

Live with authority: so soon we shall drive back

Of Alcibiades the approaches wild,

Who, like a boar too savage, doth root up

His country's peace.

Sec. Sen.
And shakes his threatening sword

Against the walls of Athens.

First Sen.
Therefore, Timon,--

Well, sir, I will; therefore, I will, sir; thus:

If Alcibiades kill my countrymen,

Let Alcibiades know this of Timon,

That Timon cares not. But if he sack fair Athens,

And take our goodly aged men by the beards,

Giving our holy virgins to the stain

Of contumelious, beastly, mad-brain'd war

Then let him know, and tell him Timon speaks it,

In pity of our aged and our youth,

I cannot choose but tell him, that I care not, (180)

And let him take't at worst; for their knives care not,

While you have throats to answer: for myself,

There's not a whittle in the unruly camp

But I do prize it at my love before

The reverend'st throat in Athens. So I leave you

To the protection of the prosperous gods,

As thieves to keepers.

Stay not, all's in vain.

Why, I was writing of my epitaph;

It will be seen to-morrow: my long sickness (190)

Of health and living now begins to mend,

And nothing brings me all things. Go, live still;

Be Alcibiades your plague, you his,

And last so long enough!

First Sen.
We speak in vain.

But yet I love my country, and am not

One that rejoices in the common wreck,

As common bruit doth put it.

First Sen.
That's well spoke.

Commend me to my loving countrymen,--

First Sen.
These words become your lips as they pass thorough them. (199)

Sec. Sen.
And enter in our ears like great triumphers

In their applauding gates.

Commend me to them,

And tell them that, to ease them of their griefs,

Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, losses,

Their pangs of love, with other incident throes

That nature's fragile vessel doth sustain

In life's uncertain voyage, I will some kindness do them:

I'll teach them to prevent wild Alcibiades' wrath.

First Sen.
I like this well; he will return again.

I have a tree, which grows here in my close,

That mine own use invites me to cut down, (210)

And shortly must I fell it: tell my friends,

Tell Athens, in the sequence of degree

From high to low throughout, that whoso please

To stop affliction, let him take his haste,

Come hither, ere my tree hath felt the axe,

And hang himself. I pray you, do my greeting.

Trouble him no further; thus you still shall find him.

Come not to me again: but say to Athens,

Timon hath made his everlasting mansion

Upon the beached verge of the salt flood; (220)

Who once a day with his embossed froth

The turbulent surge shall cover: thither come,

And let my grave-stone be your oracle.

Lips, let sour words go by and language end:

What is amiss plague and infection mend!

Graves only be men's works and death their gain!

Sun, hide thy beams! Timon hath done his reign. [Retires to his cave.

First Sen.
His discontents are unremoveably

Coupled to nature. (229)

Sec. Sen.
Our hope in him is dead: let us return,

And strain what other means is left unto us

In our dear peril.

First Sen.
It requires swift foot. [Exeunt.


Before the walls of Athens.
Enter two Senators and a Messenger.

First Sen.
Thou hast painfully discover'd: are his files

As full as thy report?

I have spoke the least:

Besides, his expedition promises

Present approach.

Sec. Sen.
We stand much hazard, if they bring not Timon.

I met a courier, one mine ancient friend;

Whom, though in general part we were opposed,

Yet our old love made a particular force,

And made us speak like friends: this man was riding (10)

From Alcibiades to Timon's cave,

With letters of entreaty, which imported

His fellowship i' the cause against your city,

In part for his sake moved.

First Sen.
Here come our brothers. Enter the Senators from TIMON.

Third Sen.
No talk of Timon, nothing of him expect.

The enemies' drum is heard, and fearful scouring

Doth choke the air with dust: in, and prepare:

Ours is the fall, I fear; our foes the snare. [Exeunt.


The woods. Timon's cave, and a rude tomb seen.
Enter a Soldier, seeking TIMON.

By all description this should be the place.

Who's here? speak, ho! No answer! What is this?

Timon is dead, who hath outstretch'd his span:

Some beast rear'd this; there does not live a man.

Dead, sure; and this his grave. What's on this tomb

I cannot read; the character I'll take with wax:

Our captain hath in every figure skill,

An aged interpreter, though young in days:

Before proud Athens he's set down by this, (10)

Whose fall the mark of his ambition is. [Exit.


Before the walls of Athens.
Trumpets sound.
Enter ALCIBIADES with his powers.

Sound to this coward and lascivious town

Our terrible approach. [A parley sounded.
Enter Senators on the walls.

Till now you have gone on and fill'd the time

With all licentious measure, making your wills

The scope of justice; till now myself and such

As slept within the shadow of your power

Have wander'd with our traversed arms and breathed

Our sufferance vainly: now the time is flush,

When crouching marrow in the bearer strong

Cries of itself 'No more:' now breathless wrong

Shall sit and pant in your great chairs of ease,

And pursy insolence shall break his wind

With fear and horrid flight.

First Sen.
Noble and young,

When thy first griefs were but a mere conceit,

Ere thou hadst power or we had cause of fear,

We sent to thee, to give thy rages balm,

To wipe out our ingratitude with loves

Above their quantity.

Sec. Sen.
So did we woo

Transformed Timon to our city's love

By humble message and by promised means: (21)

We were not all unkind, nor all deserve

The common stroke of war.

First Sen.
These walls of ours

Were not erected by their hands from whom

You have received your griefs; nor are they such

That these great towers, trophies and schools should fall

For private faults in them.

Sec. Sen.
Nor are they living

Who were the motives that you first went out;

Shame that they wanted cunning, in excess

Hath broke their hearts. March, noble lord, (30)

Into our city with thy banners spread:

By decimation, and a tithed death--

If thy revenges hunger for that food

Which nature loathes--take thou the destined tenth,

And by the hazard of the spotted die

Let die the spotted.

First Sen.
All have not offended;

For those that were, it is not square to take

On those that are, revenges: crimes, like lands,

Are not inherited. Then, dear countryman,

Bring in thy ranks, but leave without thy rage: (40)

Spare thy Athenian cradle and those kin

Which in the bluster of thy wrath must fall

With those that have offended: like a shepherd,

Approach the fold and cull the infected forth,

But kill not all together.

Sec. Sen.
What thou wilt,

Thou rather shalt enforce with thy smile

Than hew to 't with thy sword.

First Sen.
Set but thy foot

Against our rampired gates, and they shall ope;

So thou wilt send thy gentle heart before,

To say thou 'lt enter friendly.

Sec. Sen.
Throw thy glove, (50)

Or any token of thine honour else,

That thou wilt use the wars as thy redress

And not as our confusion, all thy powers

Shall make their harbour in our town, till we

Have seal'd thy full desire.

Then there's my glove;

Descend, and open your uncharged ports:

Those enemies of Timon's and mine own

Whom you yourselves shall set out for reproof

Fall and no more: and, to atone your fears

With my more noble meaning, not a man (60)

Shall pass his quarter, or offend the stream

Of regular justice in your city's bounds,

But shall be render'd to your public laws

At heaviest answer.

'Tis most nobly spoken.

Descend, and keep your words. [The Senators descend, and open the gates.
Enter Soldier.

My noble general, Timon is dead;

Entomb'd upon the very hem o' the sea;

And on his grave-stone this insculpture, which

With wax I brought away, whose soft impression

Interprets for my poor ignorance.

[Reads the epitaph]

'Here lies a wretched corse, of wretched soul bereft:

Seek not my name: a plague consume you wicked caitiffs left!

Here lie I, Timon; who, alive, all living men did hate:

Pass by and curse thy fill, but pass and stay not here thy gait.'

These well express in thee thy latter spirits:

Though thou abhorr'dst in us our human griefs,

Scorn'dst our brain's flow and those our droplets which

From niggard nature fall, yet rich conceit

Taught thee to make vast Neptune weep for aye

On thy low grave, on faults forgiven. Dead (80)

Is noble Timon: of whose memory

Hereafter more. Bring me into your city,

And I will use the olive with my sword,

Make war breed peace, make peace stint war, make each

Prescribe to other as each other's leech.

Let our drums strike. [Exeunt.

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