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Lymoges! “O Austria!—O,” KING JOHN, iii. 1. 114. “Shakespeare has, on this occasion, followed the old play [The Troublesome Raigne of Iohn, etc., see Dyce's Shakespeare, vol. iv. p. 3], which at once furnished him with the character of Falconbridge, and ascribed the death of Richard I. to the Duke of Austria. In the person of Austria he has conjoined the two well-known enemies of Cœur-de-lion [following the old play, where Austria is called Lymoges, the Austrich Duke]. Leopold, Duke of Austria, threw him into prison, in a former expedition [in 1193]; but the castle of Chaluz, before which he fell [in 1199], belonged to Vidomar, Viscount of Limoges; and the archer who pierced his shoulder with an arrow (of which wound he died) was Bertrand de Gourdon. The editors seem hitherto to have understood Lymoges as being an appendage to the title of Austria, and therefore inquired no further about it” (BLAKE) .

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