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alarm, alarum sb. (differentiated spellings of the same word, used indiscriminately in the old edd., but in mod. edd. “alarum” is usu. appropriated to 1 and 2, and “alarm” to 3, 4, and 5)
1. the cry or signal ‘allarme’ (to arms) 2H6 V. ii. 3, R3 IV. iv. 149 “strike alarum, drums!”
2. call to arms R3 I. i. 7 “Our stern alarums” (Q1 “alarmes”); fig. Oth. II. iii. 27 “an alarum to love.”
3. loud noise, disturbance Shr. I. i. 130 (F1 “alarum”), R2 I. i. 205 “these home alarms.”
4. sudden attack, surprise Mac. V. ii. 4 “the grim alarm” (F1 “alarme”), Ven. 424.
5. state of surprise or excitement mingled with fear Ham. II. ii. 540 “in the alarm of fear” (F1 “alarum,” Qq “alarme”).
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