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London. A gallery in the palace.
Enter GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester, a Page with a torch before him met by SIR THOMAS LOVELL.

It's one o'clock, boy, is't not?

It hath struck.

These should be hours for necessities,

Not for delights; times to repair our nature

With comforting repose, and not for us

To waste these times. Good hour of night, Sir Thomas!

Whither so late?

Came you from the king, my lord?

I did, Sir Thomas; and left him at primero

With the Duke of Suffolk.

I must to him too,

Before he go to bed. I'll take my leave. (10)

Not yet, Sir Thomas Lovell. What's the matter?

It seems you are in haste: an if there be

No great offence belongs to't, give your friend

Some touch of your late business: affairs, that walk,

As they say spirits do, at midnight, have

In them a wilder nature than the business

That seeks dispatch by day.

My lord, I love you;

And durst commend a secret to your ear

Much weightier than this work. The queen's in labour,

They say, in great extremity; and fear'd

She'll with the labour end. (20)

The fruit she goes with

I pray for heartily, that it may find

Good time, and live: but for the stock, Sir Thomas,

I wish it grubb'd up now.

Methinks I could

Cry the amen; and yet my conscience says

She's a good creature, and, sweet lady, does

Deserve our better wishes.

But, sir, sir,

Hear me, Sir Thomas: you're a gentleman

Of mine own way; I know you wise, religious;

And, let me tell you, it will ne'er be well,

'Twill not, Sir Thomas Lovell, take't of me,

Till Cranmer, Cromwell, her two hands, and she,

Sleep in their graves.

Now, sir, you speak of two

The most remark'd i' the kingdom. As for Cromwell,

Beside that of the jewel house, is made master

O' the rolls, and the king's secretary; further, sir,

Stands in lte gap and trade of moe preferments,

With which the time will load him. The archbishop

Is the king's hand and tongue'; and who dare speak

One syllable against him?

Yes, yes, Sir Thomas

There are that dare; and I myself have ventured (41)

To speak my mind of him: and indeed this day,

Sir, I may tell it you, I think I have

Incensed the lords o' the council, that he is,

For so I know he is, they know he is,

A most arch heretic, a pestilence

That does infect the land: with which they moved

Have broken with the king; who hath so far

Given ear to our complaint, of his great grace

And princely care foreseeing those fell mischiefs

Our reasons laid before him, hath commanded (51)

To-morrow morning to the council-board

He be convented. He's a rank weed, Sir Thomas,

And we must root him out. From your affairs

I hinder you too long: good night, Sir Thomas.

Many good nights, my lord: I rest your servant. Exeunt Gardiner and Page.
Enter the KING and SUFFOLK.

Charles, I will play no more to-night;

My mind's not on 't; you are too hard for me.

Sir, I did never win of you before.

But little, Charles;

Nor shall not, when my fancy's on my play.

Now, Lovell, from the queen what is the news?

I could not personally deliver to her

What you commanded me, but by her woman

I sent your message; who return'd her thanks

In the greatest humbleness, and desired your highness

Most heartily to pray for her.

What say'st thou, ha?

To pray for her? what, is she crying out?

So said her woman; and that her sufferance made

Almost each pang a death.

Alas, good lady!

God safely quit her of her burthen, and (71)

With gentle travail, to the gladding of

Your highness with an heir!

'Tis midnight, Charles;

Prithee, to bed; and in thy prayers remember

The estate of my poor queen. Leave me alone;

For I must think of that which company

Would not be friendly to.

I wish your highness

A quiet night; and my good mistress will

Remember in my prayers.

Charles, good night. Exit Suffolk.

Well, sir, what follows? (80)

Sir, I have brought my lord the archbishop,

As you commanded me.

Ha! Canterbury?

Ay, my good lord.

'Tis true: where is he, Denny?

He attends your highness' pleasure.

Bring him to us. Exit Denny.

This is about that which the bishop spake:

I am happily come hither. Re-enter DENNY, with CRANMER.

Avoid the gallery. [Lovell seems to stay.]

Ha! I have said. Be gone.

What! [Exeunt Lovell and Denny.

I am fearful: wherefore frowns he thus?

'Tis his aspect of terror. All's not well.

How now, my lord! you do desire to know

Wherefore I sent for you. (90)

It is my duty

To attend your highness' pleasure.

Pray you, arise,

My good and gracious Lord of Canterbury.

Come, you and I must walk a turn together;

I have news to tell you: come, come, give me your hand.

Ah, my good lord, I grieve at what I speak,

And am right sorry to repeat what follows:

I have, and most unwillingly, of late

Heard many grievous, I do say, my lord, (100)

Grievous complaints of you; which, being consider'd,

Have moved us and our council, that you shall

This morning come before us; where, I know,

You cannot with such freedom purge yourself,

But that, till further trial in those charges

Which will require your answer, you must take

Your patience to you, and be well contented

To make your house our Tower: you a brother of us,

It fits we thus proceed, or else no witness

Would come against you.

I humbly thank your highness;

And am right glad to catch this good occasion

Most thoroughly to be winnow'd, where my chaff (111)

And corn shall fly asunder: for, I know,

There's none stands under more calumnious tongues

Than I myself, poor man.

Stand up, good Canterbury:

Thy truth and thy integrity is rooted

In us, thy friend: give me thy hand, stand up:

Prithee, let's walk. Now, by my holidame,

What manner of man are you? My lord, I look'd

You would have given me your petition, that

I should have ta'en some pains to bring together (120)

Yourself and your accusers; and to have heard you,

Without indurance, further.

Most dread liege,

The good I stand on is my truth and honesty:

If they shall fail, I, with mine enemies,

Will triumph o'er my person; which I weigh not,

Being of those virtues vacant. I fear nothing

What can be said against me.

Know you not

How your state stands i' the world, with the whole world?

Your enemies are many, and not small; their practices

Must bear the same proportion; and not ever (131)

The justice and the truth o' the question carries

The due o' the verdict with it: at what ease

Might corrupt minds procure knaves as corrupt

To swear against you? such things have been done.

You are potently opposed; and with a malice

Of as great size. Ween you of better luck,

I mean, in perjured witness, than your master,

Whose minister you are, whiles here he lived

Upon this naughty earth? Go to, go to;

You take a precipice for no leap of danger,

And woo your own destruction.

God and your majesty (141)

Protect mine innocence, or I fall into

The trap is laid for me!

Be of good cheer;

They shall no more prevail than we give way to.

Keep comfort to you; and this morning see

You do appear before them: if they shall chance,

In charging you with matters, to commit you,

The best persuasions to the contrary

Fail not to use, and with what vehemency

The occasion shall instruct you: if entreaties (150)

Will render you no remedy, this ring

Deliver them, and your appeal to us

There make before them. Look, the good man weeps!

He's honest, on mine honour. God's blest mother!

I swear he is true-hearted; and a soul

None better in my kingdom. Get you gone,

And do as I have bid you. [Exit Cranmer.]

He has strangled

His language in his tears. Enter Old Lady, LOVELL following.

Come back: what mean you?

Old L.
I'll not come back; the tidings that I bring (159)

Will make my boldness manners. Now, good angels

Fly o'er thy royal head, and shade thy person

Under their blessed wings!

Now, by thy looks

I guess thy message. Is the queen deliver'd?

Say, ay; and of a boy.

Old L.
Ay, ay, my liege;

And of a lovely boy: the God of heaven

Both now and ever bless her! 'tis a girl,

Promises boys hereafter. Sir, your queen

Desires your visitation, and to be

Acquainted with this stranger: 'tis as like you

As cherry is to cherry.



Give her an hundred marks. I'll to the queen. [Exit.

Old L.
An hundred marks by this light, I'll ha' more.

An ordinary groom is for such payment.

I will have more, or scold it out of him.

Said I for this, the girl was like to him?

I will have more, or else unsay 't; and now,

While it is hot, I'll put it to the issue. [Exeunt.


Before the council-chamber.
Pursuivants, Pages, &c., attending.
Enter CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury.

I hope I am not too late; and yet the gentleman,

That was sent to me from the council, pray'd me

To make great haste. All fast? what means this? Ho!

Who waits there? Sure, you know me? Enter Keeper.

Yes, my lord;

But yet I cannot help you.


Your grace must wait till you be call'd for.


This is a piece of malice. I am glad

I came this way so happily: the king

Shall understand it presently. [Exit.

'Tis Butts,

The king's physician: as he pass'd along,

How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me!

Pray heaven, he sound not my disgrace! For certain,

This is of purpose laid by some that hate me--

God turn their hearts! I never sought their malice--

To quench mine honour: they would shame to make me

Wait else at door, a fellow-counsellor,

'Mong boys, grooms, and lackeys. But their pleasures

Must be fulfill'd, and I attend with patience. Enter the KING and BUTTS at a window above.

I'll show your grace the strangest sight-- (20)

What's that, Butts?

I think your highness saw this many a day.

Body o' me, where is it?

There, my lord:

The high promotion of his grace of Canterbury;

Who holds his state at door, 'mongst pursuivants,

Pages, and footboys.

Ha! 'tis he, indeed:

Is this the honour they do one another?

'Tis well there's one above 'em yet. I had thought

They had parted so much honesty among 'em,

At least, good manners, as not thus to suffer

A man of his place, and so near our favour,

To dance attendance on their lordships' pleasures,

And at the door too, like a post with packets.

By holy Mary, Butts, there's knavery:

Let 'em alone, and draw the curtain close:

We shall hear more anon. Exeunt.


The Council-Chamber.
Enter LORD CHANCELLOR; places himself at the upper end of the table on the left hand; a seat being left void above him, as for CANTERBURY'S seat. DUKE OF SUFFOLK, DUKE OF NORFOLK, SURREY, LORD CHAMBERLAIN, GARDINER, seat themselves in order on each side. CROMWELL at lower end as secretary. Keeper at the door.

Speak to the business, master secretary:

Why are we met in council?

Please your honours,

The chief cause concerns his grace of Canterbury.

Has he had knowledge of it?


Who waits there?

Without, my noble lords?


My lord archbishop;

And has done half an hour, to know your pleasures.

Let him come in.

Your grace may enter now. [Cranmer enters and approaches the council-table.

My good lord archbishop, I'm very sorry

To sit here at this present and behold

That chair stand empty: but we all are men,

In our own natures frail, and capable

Of our flesh; few are angels: out of which frailty

And want of wisdom, you, that best should teach us,

Have misdemean'd yourself, and not a little,

Toward the king first, then his laws, in filling

The whole realm, by your teaching and your chaplains,

For so we are inform'd, with new opinions,

Divers and dangerous; which are heresies, (19)

And, not reform'd, may prove pernicious.

Which reformation must be sudden too,

My noble lords; for those that tame wild horses

Pace 'em not in their hands to make 'em gentle,

But stop their mouths with stubborn bits, and spur 'em,

Till they obey the manage. If we suffer,

Out of our easiness and childish pity

To one man's honour, his contagious sickness,

Farewell all physic: and what follows then?

Commotions, uproars, with a general taint

Of the whole state: as, of late days, our neighbours, (30)

The upper Germany, can dearly witness,

Yet freshly pitied in our memories.

My good lords, hitherto, in all the progress

Both of my life and office, I have labour'd,

And with no little study, that my teaching

And the strong course of my authority

Might go one way, and safely; and the end

Was ever, to do well: nor is there living,

I speak it with a single heart, my lords,

A man that more detests, more stirs against,

Both in his private conscience and his place, (41)

Defacers of a public peace, than I do.

Pray heaven, the king may never find a heart

With less allegiance in it! Men that make

Envy and crooked malice nourishment

Dare bite the best. I do beseech your lordships,

That, in this case of justice, my accusers,

Be what they will, may stand forth face to face,

And freely urge against me.

Nay, my lord, (49)

That cannot be: you are a counsellor,

And, by that virtue, no man dare accuse you.

My lord, because we have business of more moment,

We will be short with you. 'Tis his highness' pleasure,

And our consent, for better trial of you,

From hence you be committed to the Tower;

Where, being but a private man again,

You shall know many dare accuse you boldly,

More than, I fear, you are provided for.

Ah, my good Lord of Winchester, I thank you;

You are always my good friend; if your will pass,

I shall both find your lordship judge and juror, (61)

You are so merciful: I see your end;

'Tis my undoing; love and meekness, lord,

Become a churchman better than ambition:

Win straying souls with modesty again,

Cast none away. That I shall clear myself,

Lay all the weight ye can upon my patience,

I make as little doubt, as you do conscience

In doing daily wrongs. I could say more,

But reverence to your calling makes me modest.

My lord, my lord, you are a sectary, (71)

That's the plain truth: your painted gloss discovers,

To men that understand you, words and weakness.

My Lord of Winchester, you are a little,

By your good favour, too sharp; men so noble,

However faulty, yet should find respect

For what they have been: 'tis a cruelty

To load a falling man.

Good master secretary,

I cry your honour mercy; you may, worst

Of all this table, say so.

Why, my lord? (80)

Do not I know you for a favourer

Of this new sect? ye are not sound.

Not sound?

Not sound, I say.

Would you were half so honest!

Men's prayers then would seek you, not their fears.

I shall remember this bold language.


Remember your bold life too.

This is too much;

Forbear, for shame, my lords.

I have done.

And I.

Then thus for you, my lord: it stands agreed,

I take it, by all voices, that forthwith (89)

You be convey'd to the Tower a prisoner;

There to remain till the king's further pleasure

Be known unto us: are you all agreed, lords?

We are.

Is there no other way of mercy,

But I must needs to the Tower, my lords?

What other

Would you expect? you are strangely troublesome.

Let some o' the guard be ready there. Enter Guard.

For me?

Must I go like a traitor thither?

Receive him,

And see him safe i' the Tower.

Stay, good my lords,

I have a little yet to say. Look there, my lords; (99)

By virtue of that ring, I take my cause

Out of the gripes of cruel men, and give it

To a most noble judge, the king my master.

This is the king's ring.

'Tis no counterfeit,

'Tis the right ring, by heaven: I told ye all,

When we first put this dangerous stone a-rolling,

'Twould fall upon ourselves.

Do you think, my lords,

The king will suffer but the little finger

Of this man to be vex'd?

'Tis now too certain:

How much more is his life in value with him?

Would I were fairly out on't!

My mind gave me, (110)

In seeking tales and informations

Against this man, whose honesty the devil

And his disciples only envy at,

Ye blew the fire that burns ye: now have at ye! Enter KING, frowning on them; takes his seat.

Dread sovereign, how much are we bound to heaven

In daily thanks, that gave us such a prince;

Not only good and wise, but most religious:

One that, in all obedience, makes the church

The chief aim of his honour; and, to strengthen

That holy duty, out of dear respect, (120)

His royal self in judgement comes to hear

The cause betwixt her and this great offender.

You were ever good at sudden commendations.

Bishop of Winchester. But know, I come not

To hear such flattery now, and in my presence;

They are too thin and bare to hide offences.

To me you cannot reach, you play the spaniel,

And think with wagging of your tongue to win me;

But, whatsoe'er thou takest me for, I'm sure

Thou hast a cruel nature and a bloody. [To Cranmer]

Good man, sit down. Now let me see the proudest

He, that dares most, but wag his finger at thee:

By all that's holy, he had better starve

Than but once think this place becomes thee not.

May it please your grace,--

No, sir, it does not please me.

I had thought I had had men of some understanding

And wisdom of my council; but I find none.

Was it discretion, lords, to let this man,

This good man,--few of you deserve that title,--

This honest man, wait like a lousy footboy

At chamber-door? and one as great as you are? (141)

Why, what a shame was this! Did my commission

Bid ye so far forget yourselves? I gave ye

Power as he was a counsellor to try him,

Not as a groom: there's some of ye, I see,

More out of malice than integrity,

Would try him to the utmost had ye mean;

Which ye shall never have while I live.

Thus far,

My most dread sovereign, may it like your grace

To let my tongue excuse all. What was purposed (150)

Concerning his imprisonment, was rather,

If there be faith in men, meant for his trial,

And fair purgation to the world, than malice,

I'm sure, in me.

Well, well, my lords, respect him;

Take him, and use him well, he's worthy of it,

I will say thus much for him, if a prince

May be beholding to a subject, I

Am, for his love and service, so to him.

Make me no more ado, but all embrace him: (160)

Be friends, for shame, my lords! My Lord of Canterbury,

I have a suit which you must not deny me;

That is, a fair young maid that yet wants baptism,

You must be godfather, and answer for her.

The greatest monarch now alive may glory

In such an honour: how may I deserve it,

That am a poor and humble subject to you?

Come, come, my lord, you'ld spare
your spoons: you shall have two noble partners
with you; the old Duchess of Norfolk,
and Lady Marquess Dorset: will these please
you? (171)

Once more, my Lord of Winchester, I charge you,

Embrace and love this man.

With a true heart

And brother-love I do it.

And let heaven

Witness, how dear I hold this confirmation.

Good man, those joyful tears show thy true heart:

The common voice, I see, is verified

Of thee, which says thus, 'Do my Lord of Canterbury

A shrewd turn, and he is your friend for ever.'

Come, lords, we trifle time away; I long (180)

To have this young one made a Christian.

As I have made ye one, lords, one remain;

So I grow stronger, you more honour gain. [Exeunt.


The palace yard.
Noise and tumult within.
Enter Porter and his Man.

You'll leave your noise anon, ye
rascals: do you take the court for Paris-
garden? ye rude slaves, leave your gaping. [Within]

Good master porter, I belong to
the larder.

Belong to the gallows, and be hanged,
ye rogue! is this a place to roar in? Fetch me
a dozen crab-tree staves and strong ones: these
are but switches to 'em. I'll scratch your
heads: you must be seeing christenings? do you
look for ale and cakes here, you rude rascals? (12)

Pray, sir, be patient: 'tis as much impossible--

Unless we sweep 'em from the door with cannons--

To scatter 'em, as 'tis to make 'em sleep

On May-day morning; which will never be:

We may as well push against Powle's, as stir 'em.

How got they in, and be hang'd?

Alas, I know not; how gets the tide in?

As much as one sound cudgel of four foot--

You see the poor remainder--could distribute,

I made no spare, sir. (21)

You did nothing, sir.

I am not Samson, nor Sir Guy, nor Colbrand,

To mow 'em down before me: but if I spared any

That had a head to hit, either young or old,

He or she, cuckold or cuckold-maker,

Let me ne'er hope to see a chine again;

And that I would not for a cow, God save her! [Within]

Do you hear, master porter?

I shall be with you presently, good
master puppy. Keep the door close, sirrah.

What would you have me do?

What should you do, but knock 'em
down by the dozens? Is this Moorfields to
muster in? or have we some strange Indian
with the great tool come to court, the women
so besiege us? Bless me, what a fry of fornication
is at door? On my Christian conscience,
this one christening will beget a thousand;
here will be father, godfather, and
all together. (40)

The spoons will be the bigger, sir.
There is a fellow somewhat near the door, he
should be a brazier by his face, for, o' my
conscience, twenty of the dog-days now reign
in's nose; all that stand about him are under
the line, they need no other penance: that fire-
drake did I hit three times on the head, and
three times was his nose discharged against
me; he stands there, like a mortar-piece, to
blow us. There was a haberdasher's wife of
small wit near him, that railed upon me till
her pinked porringer fell off her head, for
kindling such a combustion in the state. I
missed the meteor once, and hit that woman;
who cried out 'Clubs!' when I might see from
far some forty truncheoners draw to her succour,
which were the hope o' the Strand, where
she was quartered. They fell on; I made
good my place: at length they came to the
broom-staff to me; I defied 'em still: when
suddenly a file of boys behind 'em, loose shot,
delivered such a shower of pebbles, that I was
fain to draw mine honour in, and let 'em win
the work: the devil was amongst 'em, I think,

These are the youths that thunder at
a playhouse, and fight for bitten apples; that
no audience, but the tribulation of Tower-hill,
or the limbs of Limehouse, their dear brothers,
are able to endure. I have some of 'em in
Limbo Patrum, and there they are like to
dance these three days; besides the running
banquet of two beadles that is to come. Enter LORD CHAMBERLAIN.

Mercy o' me, what a multitude are here!

They grow still too; from all parts they are coming,

As if we kept a fair here! Where are these porters,

These lazy knaves? Ye have made a fine hand, fellows:

There's a trim rabble let in: are all these

Your faithful friends o' the suburbs? We shall have

Great store of room, no doubt, left for the ladies,

When they pass back from the christening.

An 't please your honour,

We are but men; and what so many may do, (80)

Not being torn a-pieces, we have done:

An army cannot rule 'em.

As I live,

If the king blame me for't, I'll lay ye all

By the heels, and suddenly; and on your heads

Clap round fines for neglect: ye are lazy knaves;

And here ye lie baiting of bombards, when

Ye should do service. Hark! the trumpets sound;

They're come already from the christening:

Go, break among the press, and find a way out

To let the troop pass fairly; or I'll find (90)

A Marshalsea shall hold ye play these two months.

Make way there for the princess.

You great fellow,

Stand close up, or I'll make your head ache.

You i' the camlet, get up o' the rail;

I'll peck you o'er the pales else. [Exeunt


The palace.
Enter trumpets, sounding;
then two Aldermen, LORD MAYOR, GARTER, CRANMER, DUKE OF NORFOLK with his marshal's staff, DUKE OF SUFFOLK, two Noblemen bearing great standing-bowls for the christening-gifts; then four Noblemen bearing a canopy, under which the DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, godmother, bearing the child richly habited in a mantle, &c., train borne by a Lady; then follows the MARCHIONESS DORSET, the other godmother, and Ladies. The troop pass once about the stage, and GARTER speaks.

Heaven, from thy endless goodness,
send prosperous life, long, and ever happy,
to the high and mighty princess of England,
Elizabeth! Flourish. Enter KING and Guard.

And to your royal grace, and the good queen,

My noble partners, and myself, thus pray:

All comfort, joy, in this most gracious lady,

Heaven ever laid up to make parents happy,

May hourly fall upon ye!

Thank you, good lord archbishop:

What is her name?

Elizabeth. (10)

Stand up, lord. [The King kisses the child.

With this kiss take my blessing: God protect thee!

Into whose hand I give thy life.


My noble gossips, ye have been too prodigal:

I thank ye heartily; so shall this lady,

When she has so much English.

Let me speak, sir,

For heaven now bids me; and the words I utter

Let none think flattery, for they'll find 'em truth.

This royal infant--heaven still move about her!--

Though in her cradle, yet now promises

Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings, (21)

Which time shall bring to ripeness: she shall be

But few now living can behold that goodness--

A pattern to all princes living with her,

And all that shall succeed: Saba was never

More covetous of wisdom and fair virtue

Than this pure soul shall be: all princely graces,

That mould up such a mighty piece as this is,

With all the virtues that attend the good,

Shall still be doubled on her: truth shall nurse her,

Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her: (31)

She shall be loved and fear'd: her own shall bless her;

Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn,

And hang their heads with sorrow: good grows with her:

In her days every man shall eat in safety,

Under his own vine, what he plants; and sing

The merry songs of peace to all his nighbours:

God shall be truly known; and those about her

From her shall read the perfect ways of honour,

And by those claim their greatness, not by blood. (40)

Nor shall this peace sleep with her: but as when

The bird of wonder dies, the maiden phoenix,

Her ashes new create another heir,

As great in admiration as herself;

So shall she leave her blessedness to one,

When heaven shall call her from this cloud of darkness,

Who from the sacred ashes of her honour

Shall star-like rise, as great in fame as she was,

And so stand fix'd: peace, plenty, love, truth, terror,

That were the servants to this chosen infant, (50)

Shall then be his, and like a vine grow to him:

Wherever the bright sun of heaven shall shine,

His honour and the greatness of his name

Shall be, and make new nations: he shall flourish,

And, like a mountain cedar, reach his branches

To all the plains about him: our children's children

Shall see this, and bless heaven.

Thou speakest wonders.

She shall be, to the happiness of England,

An aged princess; many days shall see her,

And yet no day without a deed to crown it. (60)

Would I had known no more! but she must die,

She must, the saints must have her; yet a virgin,

A most unspotted fly shall she pass

To the ground, and all the world shall mourn her.

O lord archbishop,

Thou hast made me now a man! never, before

This happy child, did I get any thing:

This oracle of comfort has so pleased me,

That when I am in heaven I shall desire

To see what this child does, and praise my Maker.

I thank ye all. To you, my good lord mayor, (71)

And your good brethren, I am much beholding;

I have received much honour by your presence,

And ye shall find me thankful. Lead the way, lords:

Ye must all see the queen, and she must thank ye,

She will be sick else. This day, no man think

Has business at his house; for all shall stay:

This little one shall make it holiday. [Exeunt.

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