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By, adv., 1) near; present: “in a cool well by,” Sonn. 154, 9. “I stole into a neighbour thicket by,” LLL V, 2, 94. “go with me into the chantry by,” Tw. IV, 3, 24. “though we upon this mountain's basis by took stand,” H5 IV, 2, 30. “the bleeding witness of her hatred by,” R3 I, 2, 234. “close by,” Tp. I, 2, 216. “fast by,” H6B III, 2, 189. “hard by,” Wiv. III, 3, 10. IV, 2, 40. Merch. IV, 1, 145. As III, 5, 75. Lr. III, 2, 61. “to be by,” Ven. 1101. Lucr. 1318. Tp. III, 1, 34. Gentl. III, 1, 175. Err. III, 2, 56. Mids. III, 2, 108. Merch. IV, 1, 289. V, 95. As I, 2, 174. Wint. V, 2, 3. John III, 1, 119. R2 II, 1, 211. H6C V, 5, 55. Rom. I, 1, 112. “have by some surgeon,” Merch. IV, 1, 257. “a copse that neighbours by,” Ven. 259. “thy lustre thickens when he shines by,” Ant. II, 3, 28. “to sit by,” Tp. III, 1, 28. “to stand by,” Ven. 282. Meas. V, 138. Merch. III, 2, 189. Shr. IV, 2, 5. H6B II, 4, 45. R3 I, 2, 128.
2) aside, off: “he throws that shallow habit by,” Lucr. 1814. “go by, Jeronimy,” Shr. Ind. 1, 9. “let them lay by their helmets,” R2 I, 3, 119. “hung their heads and then lay by,” H8 III, 1, 11 (== lay down, were smoothed). “offence's gilded hand may shove by justice,” Hml. III, 3, 58. “set it by awhile,” V, 2, 295. “I will walk by,” Oth. V, 2, 30. stand by == stand back: Ado IV, 1, 24. Shr. I, 2, 143. John IV, 3, 94. H6B II, 1, 72. Ant. III, 11, 41 (cf. stand).
3) after verbs of motion, == near, up: “came tripping by,” Sonn. 154, 4. “then came wandering by a shadow like an angel,” R3 I, 4, 52.
4) passing, past: “there will come a Christian by,” Merch. II, 5, 42. “as I came by,” R2 II, 2, 94. “who was't came by?” Mcb. IV, 1, 140. to go by a) == to pass: “the particular accidents gone by,” Tp. V, 305. “the time goes by,” Tw. III, 4, 398. Wint. V, 3, 31. H5 IV, 3, 57. Troil. I, 2, 184. Lr. I, 2, 168. Ant. III, 12, 6. b) == to pass unnoticed: “lets go by the actor,” Meas. II, 2, 41 (i. e. leaves him unpunished). “the first's for me; let her go by,” Shr. I, 2, 256 (== let her alone). “lets go by the important acting of your dread command,” Hml. III, 4, 107. “lets go by no vantages,” Cymb. II, 3, 50 (cf. go).
5) by and by == presently: Ven. 347. Lucr. 1292. Sonn. 73, 7. 75, 10. Tp. II, 1, 13. II, 2, 181. III, 2, 156. Gentl. I, 3, 87. IV, 2, 103. Wiv. IV, 1, 7. Meas. III, 1, 155. IV, 2, 73. Err. V, 351. LLL V, 2, 96. Mids. III, 1, 89. IV, 1, 185. As IV, 3, 139. Tw. III, 4, 192. IV, 2, 77. Wint. IV, 4, 518. R2 V, 5, 36. H4A I, 2, 42. V, 4, 109. H5 II, 2, 2. H6B I, 3, 2. II, 1, 142. Troil. I, 2, 304. Cor. II, 2, 119. V, 3, 202. Tit. III, 1, 202. Rom. II, 2, 151. III, 1, 175. III, 3, 76. Caes. II, 1, 305. IV, 3, 247. Hml. III, 2, 400. Oth. II, 1, 291. V, 2, 91. Ant. III, 11, 24 etc.
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