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Check, vb., 1) trans. a) to bridle, to restrain: “had doting Priam --ed his son's desire,” Lucr. 1490. “to c. the tears in Collatinus' eyes,” Lucr. 1490 “if I can c. my erring love, I will,” Gentl. II, 4, 213. “in this spleen ridiculous appears, to c. their folly, passion's solemn tears,” LLL V, 2, 118. “c. thy contempt,” All's II, 3, 164. “hadst thou ne'er given consent that Phaethon should c. thy fiery steeds,” H6C II, 6, 12. “nor c. my courage for what they can give,” Cor. III, 3, 92. “c. this hideous rashness,” Lr. I, 1, 152. Followed by from: “hardly can I c. my eyes from tears,” H6C I, 4, 151.
b) to stint, to repress: “sap --ed with frost,” Sonn. 5, 7. “men as plants increase, cheered and --ed even by the self-same sky,” 15, 6. “none so small advantage shall step forth to c. his reign, but they will cherish it,” John III, 4, 152. “great tyranny! goodness dare not c. thee,” Mcb. IV, 3, 33. “I am desperate of my fortunes if they c. me here,” Oth. II, 3, 338.
c) to treat as a bondman: “thy bastard shall be king, that thou mayst be a queen and c. the world,” John II, 123.*“this earth affords no joy to me, but to command, to c., to o'erbear such as are of better person than my self,” H6C III, 2, 166.
d) to rebuke, to chide: “if thy soul c. thee that I come so near,” Sonn. 136, 1. “be --ed for silence, but never taxed for speech,” All's I, 1, 76. “to c. time broke in a disordered string,” R2 V, 5, 46 (Ff hear). “I have --ed him for it,” H4B I, 2, 220. “--ed and rated by Northumberland,” III, 1, 68. “next time I'll keep my dreams unto myself, and not be --ed,” H6B I, 2, 54. he cannot swear, but it (conscience) “--s him,” R3 I, 4, 140. “then I --ed my friends,” III, 7, 150. “--ed like a bondman,” Caes. IV, 3, 97. “the good king his master will c. him for it,” Lr. II, 2, 149.
2) intr., to start, to be startled: “if he be now returned, as --ing at his voyage, and that he means no more to undertake it,” Hml. IV, 7, 64.* Applied to a hawk stopping at the sight of a game not seen before: “with what wing the staniel --s at it,” Tw. II, 5, 125. “and, like the haggard, c. at every feather,” III, 1, 71. -- cf. Half-checked.
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