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Circumstance, 1) condition, state of things: so (sc. a fool) “by your c., I fear you'll prove,” Gentl. I, 1, 37 (a quibble). “you speak like a green girl, unsifted in such perilous c.” Hml. I, 3, 102. “but in our c. and course of thought 'tis heavy with him,” III, 3, 83.
2) something attending and affecting a fact or case (indiscriminately used in the singular and plur.): “assailed by night with --s strong of present death,” Lucr. 1262. “what is the quality of mine offence, being constrained with dreadful c.” Lucr. 1262 “swerve not from the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, nor other c.” Meas. IV, 2, 108. “no incredulous or unsafe c.” Tw. III, 4, 89. “do not embrace me till each c. of place, time, fortune, do cohere,” V, 258. “all other --s made up to the deed,” Wint. II, 1, 178. “the c. considered . . .,” H4A I, 3, 70. “if your grace mark every c., you have great reason to do Richard right,” H6A III, 1, 153. “all --s well considered,” R3 III, 7, 176. “one scene in it comes near the c. which I have told thee . . .,” Hml. III, 2, 81. “all quality, pride, pomp and c. of glorious war,” Oth. III, 3, 354.
Especially, facts from which a certain presumption arises, which give evidence of some truth (cf. above: Lucr. 1262. Lucr. 1262 Tw. III, 4, 89. Wint. II, 1, 178): “most true, if ever truth were pregnant by c.” Wint. V, 2, 34. “if --s lead me, I will find where truth is hid,” Hml. II, 2, 157. “and can you by no drift of c. get from him why he puts on this confusion?” Hml. III, 1, 1 (Qq conference). “imputation and strong --s which lead directly to the door of truth,” Oth. III, 3, 406.
3) occurrence, accident: “he that loves himself hath not essentially but by c. the name of valour,” H6B V, 2, 39. “the pretence whereof being by --s partly laid open,” Wint. III, 2, 18. “that policy . . . may breed itself so out of c.” Oth. III, 3, 16 (Ff --s).
4) particulars, detail: “if pleased themselves, others, they think, delight in such-like c.” Ven. 844 (== in such a detailed account). “it must with c. be spoken by one whom she esteemeth as his friend,” Gentl. III, 2, 36. “with c. and oaths so to deny this chain,” Err. V, 16. “in all these --s I'll instruct you,” Shr. IV, 2, 119. “I know nothing of the c. more,” Tw. III, 4, 287. “the interruption of their churlish drums cuts off more c.” John II, 77. “the c. I'll tell you more at large,” H6A I, 1, 109. “tell us here the c.” H6B II, 1, 74. “to give me leave, by c., but to acquit myself,” R3 I, 2, 77. cf. R3 I, 2, 77 “who, in his c., expressly proves that no man is the lord of any thing,” Troil. III, 3, 114. “and tell them both the circumstance of all,” Tit. IV, 2, 156. “say either, and I'll stay the c.” Rom. II, 5, 36. “the true ground of all these piteous woes we cannot without c. descry,” Rom. V, 3, 181 (== without further particulars). “you do remember all the c.” Hml. V, 2, 2. “my --s must first induce you to believe,” Cymb. II, 4, 61. -- Used for a detailed proof, a deduction from point to point: “so, by your c., you call me fool,” Gentl. I, 1, 36. “that I can deny by a c.” Gentl. I, 1, 36
5) ceremony, phrases: “and --s shortened, the lady is disloyal,” Ado III, 2, 105.*“to wind about my love with c.” Merch. I, 1, 154. “the lie with c.” As V, 4, 100 (== given indirectly, with some phrases). “to leave frivolous --s, tell Signior Lucentio . . .,” Shr. V, 1, 28. “his approach, so out of c. and sudden,” Wint. V, 1, 90 (== without ceremony). “what means this passionate discourse, this peroration with such c.?” H6B I, 1, 105. “and so, without more c. at all, I hold it fit that we shake hands and part,” Hml. I, 5, 127. “evades them with a bombast c. horribly stuffed with epithets of war,” Oth. I, 1, 13.
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