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Case, subst., 1) contingency, possible event: “I would not spare my brother in this c.” Err. IV, 1, 77. Mids. I, 1, 45. 63 etc. “in any c.” Wiv. II, 2, 131. Mids. IV, 2, 40. Shr. IV, 4, 6. John I, 147. H4A V, 2, 25 etc. If case == in case, if it happen: “if c. some one of you would fly from us,” H6C V, 4, 34 (cf. chance).
2) state of things, situation, circumstances: “the wind wars with his torch to make him stay, and blows the smoke of it into his face, extinguishing his conduct in this c.” Lucr. 313. “feeble desire like to a bankrupt beggar wails his c.” Lucr. 313 “my c. is past the help of law,” Lucr. 313 “our c. is miserable,” Tp. I, 1, 35. Tp. I, 1, 35 II, 1, 290. Wiv. IV, 1, 64. Meas. IV, 2, 178. Err. I, 1, 128. IV, 2, 5. Ado IV, 1, 203. LLL IV, 3, 131. V, 2, 273 (in lamentable --s). As Epil. V, 2, 273 Shr. IV, 2, 45. H6A II, 1, 72. H6B I, 3, 218 “(I cannot fight; pity my c.).” III, 1, 217. Rom. IV, 5, 99. Mcb. I, 7, 7. Lr. IV, 6, 150. Oth. I, 3, 6 etc. -- She hath been in good c. == in good circumstances, H4B II, 1, 115. To be in c. == to be able: “I am in c. to justle a constable,” Tp. III, 2, 29.
3) question of law, cause, question in general: “eternal love in love's fresh c. weighs not the dust and injury of age,” Sonn. 108, 9. “he is 'rested on the c.” Err. IV, 2, 42. “'tis a plain c.” IV, 3, 22. “dare no man answer in a c. of truth?” H6A II, 4, 2. “for the truth and plainness of the c.” H6A II, 4, 2 “in argument upon a c.” II, 5, 46. “to be mine own attorney in this c.” V, 3, 166. “that in this c. of justice my accusers may stand forth,” H8 V, 3, 46. “his quillets, his --s, his tenures,” Hml. V, 1, 108. “when every c. in law is right,” Lr. III, 2, 85. “idiots in this c. of favour would be wisely definite,” Cymb. I, 6, 42 (in this question about beauty). “I will make one of her women lawyer to me, for I yet not understand the c. myself,” II, 3, 80.
4) variation of nouns in declension: “accusative c.” Wiv. IV, 1, 46. “vocative c.” Wiv. IV, 1, 46 “genitive c.” Wiv. IV, 1, 46 “--s,” Wiv. IV, 1, 46
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