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Certain, adj. (compar. “certainer:” Ado V, 4, 62), 1) undoubted, undeniable: her c. sorrow writ “uncertainly,” Lucr. 1311. “that's most c.” Tp. III, 2, 64. “will not let you believe things c.” V, 125. V, 125 Gentl. II, 1, 37. Wiv. III, 3, 120. Meas. III, 2, 117. Err. II, 2, 96. Ado I, 1, 126. V, 4, 62. Mids. I, 1, 92. Merch. III, 1, 29. V, 287. Tim. III, 4, 47. Ant. III, 6, 97 etc. etc. “until our fears, resolved, be by some c. king purged and deposed,” John II, 372 (i. e. a king about whose right there can be no doubt). For certain == certainly: H8 V, 2, 13. Caes. IV, 3, 189. Mcb. V, 2, 8. Mcb. V, 2, 8
2) reliable: “these are c. signs to know faithful friend from flattering foe,” Pilgr. 429. thou (life) “art not c., for thy complexion shifts to strange effects after the moon,” Meas. III, 1, 23. “nothing so c. as your anchors,” Wint. IV, 4, 581. “there is no c. life achieved by others' death,” John IV, 2, 105. “for the c. knowledge of that truth,” I, 61. “believe my words, for they are c. and unfallible,” H6A I, 2, 59. “a c. knowledge,” Troil. IV, 1, 41. “that's a c. text,” Rom. IV, 1, 21.
3) stated, fixed: “a c. aim he took at a fair vestal,” Mids. II, 1, 157. and c. stars shot madly from their spheres, 153 (cf. “and little stars shot from their fixed places,” Lucr. 1525). “so can I give no reason, nor I will not, more than a lodged hate and a c. loathing I bear Antonio,” Merch. IV, 1, 60. “you shall run a c. course,” Lr. I, 2, 89. “that nature, which contemns its origin, cannot be bordered c. in itself,” IV, 2, 33. Perhaps in the following passage also: “why, fearing of time's tyranny, might I not then say 'Now I love you best', when I was c. o'er incertainty, crowning the present, doubting of the rest?” Sonn. 115, 11.
Hence == settled, fixed, unavoidable: “and now this pale swan in her watery nest begins the sad dirge of her c. ending,” Lucr. 1612. “I will not consent to die this day, that's c.” Meas. IV, 3, 59. “rich she shall be, that's c.” Ado II, 3, 32. “I will live so long as I may, that's the c. of it,” H5 II, 1, 16. “death is c. to all,” H4B III, 2, 41 etc.
4) sure, assured, having no doubts: “be c., nothing truer,” Mids. III, 2, 280. “be c. what you do,” Wint. II, 1, 127. “art thou c. this is true?” Cor. V, 4, 47. “to make me c. it is done,” Cymb. III, 4, 31. Followed by of: “of this I am not c.” All's IV, 3, 304. “c. of his fate,” Oth. III, 3, 168. “I am c. on't,” Ant. II, 2, 57.
5) particular, some: “as a c. father says,” LLL IV, 2, 153. “a c. pupil of mine,” LLL IV, 2, 153 H4A I, 3, 33. H6A IV, 1, 95. Hml. I, 5, 10 etc. Plural: “bury it c. fathoms in the earth,” Tp. V, 55. “for c. words he spake against your grace,” Meas. V, 129. Err. I, 2, 24. V, 232. Wint. IV, 4, 236. Merch. I, 3, 85. H4A IV, 3, 19. H5 I, 2, 47. Cor. V, 6, 93. Hml. III, 1, 16. “we wait for c. money,” Tim. III, 4, 46 etc. Followed by of: “to hunt the boar with c. of his friends,” Ven. 588. “I would send for c. of my creditors,” Meas. I, 2, 136. Some certain == some, or a certain: “till some c. shot be paid,” Gentl. II, 5, 6. “some c. treason,” LLL IV, 3, 190. “some c. snatch,” Tit. II, 1, 95. Plural: “some c. special honours,” LLL V, 1, 112. “to reform some c. edicts,” H4A IV, 3, 79. “his true titles to some c. dukedoms,” H5 I, 1, 87. I, 2, 247. “some c. dregs of conscience,” R3 I, 4, 124. “some c. jewels,” Per. III, 4, 1. Followed by of: “I have moved already some c. of the noblest-minded Romans,” Caes. I, 3, 122. “some c. of your brethren,” Cor. II, 3, 59.
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