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Challenge, vb. 1) to claim as due: “that we our largest bounty may extend where nature doth with merit c.” Lr. I, 1, 54. “so much duty as my mother showed to you . . ., so much I c. that I may profess due to the Moor,” Oth. I, 3, 188. Followed by an accus.: “c. me by these deserts,” LLL V, 2, 815. “shall your city call us lord, in that behalf which we have --d it?” John II, 264. “I am a subject, and I c. law,” R2 II, 3, 134. I will c. it (my glove) H5 IV, 1, 233. IV, 7, 132. IV, 8, 9. “all her perfections c. sovereignty,” H6C III, 2, 86. “I c. nothing but my dukedom,” IV, 7, 23. “these graces c. grace,” IV, 8, 48. “dares not c. it,” Troil V, 2, 94. “he dares ne'er come back to c. you,” Rom. III, 5, 216. “his worthiness doth c. much respect,” Oth. II, 1, 213. -- With of: “I combat c. of this latten bilbo,” Wiv. I, 1, 165. “subjects may c. nothing of their sovereigns,” H6C IV, 6, 6. “these white flakes had --d pity of them,” Lr. IV, 7, 31. With from: “but beauty from Venus' doves doth c. that fair field,” Lucr. 58.
2) to urge as a right: “when she shall c. this, you will reject her,” LLL V, 2, 438. “that is honour's scorn, which --s itself as honour's born and is not like the sire,” All's II, 3, 141.
3) to call to a contest: “when these suns . . . by their heralds --d the noble spirits to arms,” H8 I, 1, 34. Especially to single combat: “--d Cupid at the flight,” Ado I, 1, 40. Ado I, 1, 40 “I will c. him,” IV, 1, 335. “c. thee to trial of a man,” V, 1, 66. V, 1, 66 LLL IV, 1, 140. V, 2, 696. V, 2, 696 Tw. III, 2, 36. III, 4, 313. As I, 2, 178. H4A V, 2, 47. H6C IV, 7, 75. “to c. him the field,” Tw. II, 3, 136 (most M. Edd. to the field; perhaps to field, cf. Rom. III, 1, 61).
4) to accuse: “dishonoured thus and --d of wrongs,” Tit. I, 340. “who may I rather c. for unkindness than pity for mischance,” Mcb. III, 4, 42.
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