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Deny, 1) absol. to say No: “love's --ing,” Pilgr. 249. “if thou d., then force must work my way,” Lucr. 513. “if law, authority and power d. not, it will go hard with poor Antonio,” Merch. III, 2, 291. All's II, 1, 20. H6C II, 2, 129. R3 III, 1, 35.
2) tocontradict, to declare sth. not to be true; a) followed by a simple accus.: “--es all that you have said,” Meas. V, 283. Wiv. I, 1, 193. Meas. IV, 2, 145. V, 418. Err. II, 2, 17. Err. II, 2, 17 IV, 1, 67. IV, 4, 99. V, 3, 16. V, 3, 16 V, 3, 16 V, 3, 16 Ado I, 3, 33. IV, 1, 123. IV, 1, 123 IV, 1, 123 LLL I, 1, 298. Merch. V, 187. All's II, 1, 144. H4A II, 4, 516. H6B IV, 2, 154. R3 I, 1, 96. Hml. V, 2, 247 etc. b) followed by a dative and accus.: “both one and other he --es me now,” Err. IV, 3, 86. By a dative alone: “if you will d. the sheriff,” H4A II, 4, 544 (i. e. say No to him). The dative preceded by to: “do not d. to him that you love me,” Rom. IV, 1, 24. -- c) followed by a clause: “d. that thou bearest love to any,” Sonn. 10, 1. Meas. II, 1, 18. Tw. V, 339. Rom. IV, 1, 24. Lr. II, 2, 31. Cymb. II, 4, 145. Superfluous negative: “he --ed you had in him no right,” Err. IV, 2, 7. “you may d. that you were not the cause,” R3 I, 3, 90. The negatived verb followed by but: “it must not be --ed but I am a plain-dealing villain,” Ado I, 3, 33. All's V, 3, 166. Cor. IV, 5, 243. Singular expression: “that's as much as you would be --ed of your fair courtesy,” Per. II, 3, 106 (== as if you would have your courtesy denied).
3) to disown, to disavow: “that I did d. my wife and house,” Err. III, 1, 9. “wherefore doth Lysander d. your love,” Mids. III, 2, 229. “d. him, forswear him,” Shr. V, 1, 114. “will you d. me now?” Tw. III, 4, 381. “as I d. the devil,” John I, 252. “I d. my sacred state,” R2 IV, 209. R2 IV, 209 “wilt thou d. thy parentage?” H6A V, 4, 14. “d. me not,” H6A V, 4, 14 “d. thy father and refuse thy name,” Rom. II, 2, 34. “I d. you, stars,” V, 1, 24 (Q1 defy). Followed by for: “and d. himself for Jove,” Pilgr. 243. LLL IV, 3, 119. “--ed my house for his, me for his wife,” Err. II, 2, 161. Double accus.: “hast thou --ed thyself a Faulconbridge?” John I, 251.
4) to contradict, to object to: “the defendant doth that plea d.” Sonn. 46, 7. “that I can d. by a circumstance,” Gentl. I, 1, 84. “I d. your major,” H4A II, 4, 544.
5) to refuse; a) to refuse to do sth.: “if you d. to dance,” LLL V, 2, 228. Shr. II, 180. V, 2, 103. Wint. V, 2, 139. R3 V, 3, 343. Rom. I, 5, 21. Lr. II, 4, 89.
b) to refuse to accept, to decline: “I would not d. you,” Ado V, 4, 94. “thou wouldst have --ed Beatrice,” V, 4, 115. cf. “d. my love,” As IV, 3, 62, and “do they all d. her?” All's II, 3, 92. you may not d. it (the combat) LLL V, 2, 712. “not to d. this imposition,” Merch. III, 4, 33. “d. his offered homage,” R2 II, 1, 204.
c) to refuse to give, not to grant; α) the thing withheld in the accus.: “how to grant suits, how to d. them,” Tp. I, 2, 80. LLL V, 2, 821. Merch. III, 3, 26. III, 4, 71. IV, 1, 38. As IV, 1, 79. John IV, 1, 119. H4A I, 3, 25. H4A I, 3, 25 H5 V, 2, 324. H6A V, 3, 75. H6B V, 1, 123. H6C III, 2, 5. V, 6, 22. Cor. V, 2, 85. Hml. II, 1, 109. Ant. II, 1, 3.--β) the person from whom something is withheld in the accus.: “you must not d. me,” Merch. II, 2, 187. IV, 1, 101. IV, 1, 101 Cor. II, 3, 2. Cor. II, 3, 2 Caes. IV, 3, 82. “by self-example mayst thou be --ed,” Sonn. 142, 14. “Florence is --ed,” All's I, 2, 12. “would be --ed,” R2 V, 3, 103. “I'll know his grievance, or be much --ed,” Rom. I, 1, 163. Tim. III, 2, 15. Tim. III, 2, 15 -- γ) to d. a person sth.: “--ies thee vantage,” Meas. V, 418. “no bedroom me d.” Mids. II, 2, 51. “they d. him justice,” Merch. III, 2, 281. IV, 1, 429. V, 165. V, 165 V, 165 As I, 2, 197. Tw. V, 93. Wint. IV, 2, 2. John IV, 2, 59. V, 7, 43. H6C III, 2, 9. Tim. III, 2, 26. Tim. III, 2, 26 Mcb. IV, 1, 104. H8 V, 3, 161. “be not --ed access,” Tw. I, 4, 16. “myself the child-bed privilege --ed,” Wint. III, 2, 104. H4B IV, 1, 78. Ant. V, 2, 234. -- δ) to d. a person to do sth. == to forbid: “to be your fellow you may d. me,” Tp. III, 1, 85. Err. IV, 4, 67. R2 II, 3, 129. H6C II, 2, 172. Tit. II, 3, 174. Lr. III, 2, 66. -- ε) to d. sth. to a p.: “d. it to a king,” H4B III, 1, 30. “give to dogs what thou --est to men,” Tim. IV, 3, 537. “if you d. your griefs to your friend,” Hml. III, 2, 352.
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