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Eat (O. Edd. mostly eate); Impf. “eat:” Sonn. 99, 12. Mids. II, 2, 149. As I, 3, 76. Shr. IV, 1, 200. Tim. III, 4, 50. Mcb. II, 4, 18. Ant. II, 2, 231. Partic. “eat:” Ado IV, 1, 196. LLL IV, 2, 26. As II, 7, 88. John I, 234. R2 V, 5, 85. H4B IV, 5, 165. H6B IV, 10, 41. Hml. IV, 3, 29. Lr. I, 4, 174. “Eaten:” Gentl. I, 1, 46. Wiv. IV, 2, 1. Meas. II, 1, 104. III, 2, 59. Ado I, 1, 43. LLL V, 1, 43. As IV, 1, 108. Shr. III, 2, 208. Wint. III, 3, 134. IV, 4, 185. H4B I, 2, 245. II, 1, 80. II, 4, 372. H6A V, 4, 31. Cor. IV, 5, 201. Mcb. I, 3, 84. IV, 1, 64. Hml. IV, 3, 21. Oth. III, 3, 391.
1) to take food, to chew and swallow with the mouth: a) trans.: Tp. I, 2, 330. Wiv. I, 1, 290. IV, 2, 109. V, 5, 179. Meas. II, 1, 104. III, 2, 192. Err. II, 2, 61. Ado I, 1, 43. II, 1, 156 “(no supper).” III, 4, 90. LLL IV, 2, 26. V, 1, 43. Mids. II, 2, 149 “(away).” IV, 2, 43. As II, 5, 42 “(food).” II, 7, 88. IV, 1, 108. Shr. III, 2, 208. IV, 1, 200. Wint. III, 3, 134. John I, 234. R2 V, 5, 85. H4B II, 4, 372. H5 III, 7, 156 “(his breakfast).” H6A V, 4, 31. H6B IV, 10, 41. Cor. IV, 5, 201. Mcb. II, 4, 18. III, 2, 17 “(our meal).” IV, 1, 64. Hml. IV, 3, 21. Ant. II, 2, 231. V, 2, 272. 274 etc. “to e. up:” Sonn. 146, 8. Meas. III, 2, 59. Shr. IV, 3, 50. H4B I, 3, 99. Troil. I, 3, 124. Cor. III, 1, 294. Lr. I, 4, 174. -- Figurative use: “as he had --en ballads,” Wint. IV, 4, 185. to e. the air == to be deluded with hopes: H4B I, 3, 28. Hml. III, 2, 99. to e. one's word == to retract: Ado IV, 1, 280. As V, 4, 155. H4B II, 2, 149. to e. a sword == to receive it into the body, to be hurt by it, to fight: “by my sword, thou lovest me. Do not swear, and e. it. I will make him e. it that says I love not you,” Ado IV, 1, 279. “a' should not bear it so, a' should e. swords first,” Troil. II, 3, 227. cf. “when valour preys on reason, it --s the sword it fights with,” Ant. III, 13, 200 (== it is hurt by its own sword, or it destroys its own sword?). “I'll make thee e. iron like an ostrich, and swallow my sword,” H6B IV, 10, 30. Similarly, in an obscene sense: “ladies e. lords,” Tim. I, 1, 209 (cf. eater in Per. I, 1, 130).
b) absolutely: Tp. I, 2, 412. Meas. III, 2, 26. Err. IV, 3, 65. Shr. IV, 3, 13. Shr. IV, 3, 13 All's V, 2, 58. Wint. V, 3, 111. R2 IV, 73. H4B V, 3, 18. H5 III, 7, 162. H5 III, 7, 162 Cor. I, 1, 210. Caes. I, 2, 296 etc. == to dine or to sup: “I will not e. with you,” Merch. I, 3, 38. “e. together,” As I, 3, 76. “to e. with us,” All's III, 5, 101. Troil. IV, 5, 158. Followed by “of:” Merch. I, 3, 34. Tit. V, 3, 29. Tim. III, 4, 50. Hml. IV, 3, 29. By on: “have we --en on the insane root,” Mcb. I, 3, 84. Followed by an accusative denoting the effect: “he hath --en me out of house and home,” H4B II, 1, 80.
c) intr. == to taste, or relish: “it --s drily,” All's I, 1, 175.
2) to devour, to consume, to waste, to destroy; a) trans. earth, gape open wide and e. him “quick,” R3 I, 2, 65. “the ocean --s not the flats with more impetuous haste,” Hml. IV, 5, 100. “the most forward bud is --en by the canker,” Gentl. I, 1, 46. John III, 4, 82. H6A II, 4, 71. “to be --en to death with a rust,” H4B I, 2, 245. “to e. the world's due,” Sonn. 1, 14. “seemed in --ing him to hold him up,” R2 III, 4, 51. “I e. not lords,” Tim. I, 1, 207. “what a number of men e. Timon!” I, 2, 40. “that monster custom, who all sense doth e.” Hml. III, 4, 161. To e. up, in the same sense: “this canker that --s up love's tender spring,” Ven. 656. “a vengeful canker e. him up to death,” Sonn. 99, 12. Rom. II, 3, 30. “time's office is to e. up errors by opinion bred,” Lucr. 937. “your sorrow hath --en up my sufferance,” Wiv. IV, 2, 1. nor (hath) “age so e. up my invention,” Ado IV, 1, 196. “made a shift to e. up thy holland,” H4B II, 2, 25. “hast e. thy bearer up,” H4B IV, 5, 165. “if the wars e. us not up,” Cor. I, 1, 87. “he that is proud --s up himself,” Troil. II, 3, 164. “till famine and the ague e. them up,” Mcb. V, 5, 4. “--en up with passion,” Oth. III, 3, 391.
b) absol “the --ing canker, --ing love,” Gentl. I, 1, 43. Followed by in or into, == to gnaw, to make way by corrosion: “like water that doth e. in steel,” Lucr. 755. “how one man --s into another's pride, while pride is fasting in his wantonness,” Troil. III, 3, 136.
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