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For, prepos. 1) in the place of: “f. Achilles' image stood his spear,” Lucr. 1424 (cf. “Stand). to have no screen between this part he played and him he played it f.” Tp. I, 2, 108. “the best that ever I heard. Ay, the best f. the worst,” LLL I, 1, 283 (you say the best, but mean the worst; for in such a case the greatest absurdity is the most amusing). “f. charitable prayers, shards, flints and pebbles should be thrown on her,” Hml. V, 1, 253 etc.
2) in exchange of, as the price of, or at the price of: “now would I give a thousand furlongs of sea f. an acre of barren ground,” Tp. I, 1, 70. “I will not take too much f. him; he shall pay f. him,” II, 2, 80. II, 2, 80 “I shall have my music f. nothing,” III, 2, 154. “though I be o'er ears f. my labour,” IV, 214. “here's a garment f. it,” IV, 214 “I would not f. the world,” V, 173. “f. a score of kingdoms you should wrangle,” V, 173 “gave me nothing f. my labour,” Gentl. I, 1, 103. “war f. war, and blood f. blood,” John I, 19. “dead f. a ducat,” Hml. III, 4, 24. “here's money f. my meat,” Cymb. III, 6, 50 etc. Hence the following phrases: “I dare not f. my head fill my belly,” Meas. IV, 3, 160 (originally == though it cost my life, though I should die of hunger; and then used as a mere form of asseveration). “an thou darest f. thy heart,” H4B II, 4, 242. “f. the heavens, rouse up a brave mind,” Merch. II, 2, 12. “master, f. my hand, both our inventions meet and jump in one,” Shr. I, 1, 194. “f. my life, to break with him about Beatrice,” Ado III, 2, 76. “dead, f. my life!” LLL V, 2, 728. “now, f. my life, the knave doth court my love,” Shr. III, 1, 49. IV, 3, 1. H6B II, 4, 18. H6C I, 4, 170. R3 IV, 1, 3 (but cf. Before and Fore).
3) in the character or quality of, as: and give it (the island) “his son f. an apple,” Tp. II, 1, 91. keep it (hope) “no longer f. my flatterer,” III, 3, 8. “bring it hither f. stale to catch the thieves,” IV, 187. “place it f. her chief virtue,” Gentl. III, 1, 339. “which he must carry f. a present to his lady,” IV, 2, 79. “piled f. a French velvet,” Meas. I, 2, 35. she that even my soul doth f. a wife “abhor,” Err. III, 2, 164. “hang me up f. the sign of blind Cupid,” Ado I, 1, 256. “your daughter here the princes left f. dead,” IV, 1, 204. “two pitch-balls stuck in her face f. eyes,” LLL III, 199. “I marvel thy master hath not eaten thee f. a word,” V, 1, 43. “the king will court thee f. his dear,” V, 2, 131. “that 'a wears next his heart f. a favour,” V, 2, 131 “even such a husband hast thou of me as she is f. a wife,” Merch. III, 5, 89. “'twill be recorded f. a precedent,” IV, 1, 220. “I'll have that doctor f. my bed-fellow,” V, 233. “I take thee f. wife,” As IV, 1, 136. “set the deer's horns upon his head f. a branch of victory,” IV, 2, 5. “he excels his brother f. a coward,” All's IV, 3, 321. “crown thee f. a finder of madmen,” Tw. III, 4, 154. “the light loss of England f. a friend,” John III, 1, 206. “doth any one accuse York f. a traitor?” H6B I, 3, 182. “I refuse you f. my judge,” H8 II, 4, 82. “it is turned out of all towns f. a dangerous thing,” R3 I, 4, 146. “be burnt f. liars,” Rom. I, 2, 96. Cor. III, 1, 57. IV, 6, 161. V, 4, 23. Caes. II, 2, 80. Mcb. IV, 3, 125. “we here dispatch you f. bearers of this greeting,” Hml. I, 2, 35 (Ff bearing). “f. a robe a blanket,” II, 2, 530. “you must put me in your heart f. friend,” IV, 7, 2. “as poor f. a subject as he is f. a king,” Lr. I, 4, 22. “to course his own shadow f. a traitor,” III, 4, 58. “attach thee f. an abuser of the world,” Oth. I, 2, 78. “stands up f. the main soldier,” Ant. I, 2, 198. “will appear there f. a man,” III, 7, 19. Hence a peculiar use: “I cross me f. a sinner,” Err. II, 2, 190 (== sinner that I am). “I defy thee f. a villain,” V, 32 (== villain that thou art). “what is he f. a fool that betroths himself to unquietness?” Ado I, 3, 49 (== who is he, fool that he is; who is that fool?). “Mars dote on you f. his novices,” All's II, 1, 48. “Lord have mercy on thee f. a hen,” II, 3, 224. “marry, hang you! and your courtesy, f. a ring-carrier,” III, 5, 95. “I will grace the attempt f. a worthy exploit,” III, 6, 71. “I'll tickle ye f. a young prince,” H4A II, 4, 489. “was I with you there f. the goose?” Rom. II, 4, 78. “a pestilence on him f. a mad rogue!” Hml. V, 1, 196. “I forgive thee f. a witch,” Ant. I, 2, 40. -- Sometimes after verbs else followed by an inf. or a double accus.: “chronicled f. wise,” Gentl. I, 1, 41. “denied my house f. his, me f. his wife,” Err. II, 2, 161. “an idiot holds his bauble f. a god,” Tit. V, 1, 79. “I know him f. a man divine and holy,” Meas. V, 144. “he might have more diseases than he knew f.” H4B I, 2, 6. “what dost thou know me f.?” Lr. II, 2, 14. “I knew it f. my bond,” Ant. I, 4, 84. “since fate hath made thy person f. the thrower-out of my poor babe,” Wint. III, 3, 29. “whom late you have named f. consul,” Cor. III, 1, 196. “renowned f. hardy and undoubted champions,” H6C V, 7, 6. “the king, your father, was reputed f. a prince most prudent,” H8 II, 4, 45. “the conceit is deeper than you think f.” Shr. IV, 3, 163 (cf. Think).
4) in behalf or advantage of (cf. Sake): “your reason f. raising this storm,” Tp. I, 2, 177. “the first that e'er I sighed f.” Tp. I, 2, 446. “speak not f. him,” Tp. I, 2, 446 Tp. I, 2, 446 “I'll fish f. thee,” II, 2, 165. “that f. which I live,” IV, 4. “every man shift f. all the rest,” V, 256. “let no man take care f. himself,” V, 256 (cf. the vb. “Care). I leave myself and friends and all f. love,” Gentl. I, 1, 65. “the more is f. your honesty,” Ado III, 3, 56. “f. love and courtesy lie further off,” Mids. II, 2, 56. “I'll die f. it, but some woman had the ring,” Merch. V, 208. “f. your father's remembrance, be at accord,” As I, 1, 66. “we'll fast f. company,” Shr. IV, 1, 180. “wear this jewel f. me,” Tw. III, 4, 228. “make work upon ourselves, f. heaven or hell,” John II, 407. “let no eye profane a tear f. me,” R2 I, 3, 60. “the wind sits fair f. news to go to Ireland,” R2 II, 2, 123. “let it not be believed f. womanhood,” Troil. V, 2, 129. “his throat is cut; that I did f. him,” Mcb. III, 4, 16. “if thy speech be sooth, I care not if thou dost f. me as much,” V, 5, 41. “the pox upon her green-sickness f. me,” Per. IV, 6, 15. “I hope all's f. the best,” H6C III, 3, 170 (cf. Better, Best, Worse, Worst, Once, Nonce etc).
5) in favour of, siding with: “till time had made them f. us,” Meas. I, 2, 157. “he's f. a jig or a tale of bawdry,” Hml. II, 2, 522. “to the health of our general! I am f. it,” Oth. II, 3, 89 (== I make one). “he's f. his master,” Cymb. I, 5, 28.
6) assigned or due to, at the service of: “there's other business f. thee,” Tp. I, 2, 315. “they are f. you,” Gentl. II, 1, 131. “money f. these wars,” R2 II, 2, 104. “two tender playfellows f. dust,” R3 IV, 4, 385. “'tis f. me to be patient,” Err. IV, 4, 20. “it were f. me to throw my sceptre at the injurious gods,” Ant. IV, 15, 75. “times to repair our nature . . . and not f. us to waste these times,” H8 V, 1, 4. “gave sign f. me to leave you,” Caes. II, 1, 247. To be f. == to be at a person's service; either amicably: “I am f. you, though it cost me ten nights' watchings,” Ado II, 1, 387. “sit, and a song. We are f. you,” As V, 3, 10. “I am f. you again,” Wint. II, 1, 22. Or for combat: “I am f. thee straight,” Shr. IV, 3, 152. “nay, if you be an undertaker, I am f. you,” Tw. III, 4, 350. Rom. I, 1, 61. III, 1, 86. Oth. I, 2, 58. cf. the adjectives Fit, Ready etc., and the use after too: “too massy f. your strengths,” Tp. III, 3, 67. “she is too big f. me to compass,” Err. IV, 1, 111. “a punishment too good f. them,” Ado III, 3, 5. Similarly: “a heavy reckoning f. you,” Cymb. V, 4, 159 etc. etc.
7) toward, to, on the way to: “to embark f. Milan,” Gentl. I, 1, 71. “I am arrived f. fruitful Lombardy,” Shr. I, 1, 3. “take your way f. home,” All's II, 5, 69. “away f. England!” John III, 3, 6. “f. England go,” John III, 3, 6 III, 4, 181. “are there no posts dispatched f. Ireland?” R2 II, 2, 103. news to go f. Ireland, 123 (Ff and M. Edd. to). “made their march f. Bordeaux,” H6A IV, 3, 8. “at my depart f. France,” H6B I, 1, 2. “I'll ship them all f. Ireland,” III, 1, 329. “you sent me deputy f. Ireland,” H8 III, 2, 260. “but come: f. England!” Hml. IV, 3, 51. “every thing is bent f. England,” Hml. IV, 3, 51 “the Turkish preparation makes f. Rhodes,” Oth. I, 3, 14. “straight away f. Britain,” Cymb. I, 4, 179. “from whence he moves his war f. Britain,” III, 5, 26. After will and to be: “his lordship will next morning f. France,” All's IV, 3, 91. “we will f. Ireland,” R2 II, 1, 218. “I am f. France,” All's IV, 3, 353. “I am f. the air,” Mcb. III, 5, 20. “he's not f. Rhodes,” Oth. I, 3, 31. “Publicola and Caelius are f. sea,” Ant. III, 7, 74. “we are f. the dark,” Ant. V, 2, 194. “I am again f. Cydnus,” Ant. V, 2, 194 Armado even says: “I am f. whole volumes in folio,” LLL I, 2, 191 (== I am about to write whole volumes).
8) with a view to, tending to, in order to obtain, to serve as: “a piece of skilful painting, made f. Priam's Troy,” Lucr. 1367 (== to represent Troy). “the herd gone to the hedge f. shade,” Pilgr. 72. “the ministers f. the purpose,” Tp. I, 2, 131. “which of he or Adrian, f. a good wager, first begins to crow?” II, 1, 28. “what a sleep were this f. your advancement!” II, 1, 268. “f. more assurance I embrace thy body,” V, 108. “the sheep f. fodder follow the shepherd,” Gentl. I, 1, 92. “a corded ladder f. which the youthful lover now is gone,” III, 1, 41. “to stick it in their children's sight, f. terror, not to use,” Meas. I, 3, 26. “be it f. nothing but to spite my wife,” Err. III, 1, 118. “we'll draw cuts f. the senior,” V, 422. “f. night-tapers crop their waxen thighs,” Mids. III, 1, 172. “work f. bread,” III, 2, 10. “the business is f. Helen to come hither,” All's I, 3, 100. “f. sealing the injury of tongues,” Wint. I, 2, 337. “want ye corn f. bread?” H6A III, 2, 41. “follow us f. thy reward,” H6B II, 3, 109. “watching f. your good,” IV, 7, 90. “when Tarquin made a head f. Rome,” Cor. II, 2, 92. “thou wouldst have told this tale f. virtue, not f. such an end,” Cymb. I, 6, 143.
9) in quest of, with a desire of, in order to come by: “that sort was well fished f.” Tp. II, 1, 104. “your father calls f. you,” Gentl. I, 3, 88. “he cries f. you,” Err. V, 182. “if you look f. a good speech now, you undo me,” H4B V, 5, 119. “Caesar did write f. him to come to Rome,” Caes. III, 1, 278. “how shall we do f. money?” R2 II, 2, 104. “how wilt thou do f. a father?” Mcb. IV, 2, 38. “haste we f. it,” Ant. II, 2, 167 (cf. Ask, Come, Hope, Long, Stay, Wait, Wish etc.). Particularly after words implying desire: “I am ambitious f. a motley coat,” As II, 7, 43. “I am not covetous f. gold,” H5 IV, 3, 24. “so dry he was f. sway,” Tp. I, 2, 112. “he was mad f. her,” All's V, 3, 260. “the king was weeping-ripe f. a good word,” LLL V, 2, 274. to die for sth. == to languish for: “the fools of time, which die f. goodness, who have lived for crime,” Sonn. 124, 14. “dies f. him,” Ado III, 2, 69. “take thought and die f. Caesar,” Caes. II, 1, 187. “I die f. food,” As II, 6, 2. II, 7, 104. “almost dead f. breath,” Mcb. I, 5, 37. “starve f. a merry look,” Err. II, 1, 88. “starved f. meat,” Shr. IV, 3, 9. “faints f. succour,” As II, 4, 75. -- Elliptically, without a governing word: “alack, f. pity!” Tp. I, 2, 132. “alack f. mercy!” Tp. I, 2, 132 “O f. my beads!” Err. II, 2, 190. “God, f. thy mercy!” IV, 4, 147. “good lord, f. alliance!” Ado II, 1, 330. “O f. your reason!” LLL V, 2, 244. “away, and f. our flight!” All's II, 5, 97. “alack, f. lesser knowledge!” Wint. II, 1, 38. “O Proserpina, f. the flowers now,” IV, 4, 117. “now f. a true face,” H4A II, 4, 550. “O f. a fine thief!” III, 3, 212. “O f. a Muse of fire,” III, 3, 212. “Oh f. my husband!” R3 II, 2, 71. “Lord, f. thy justice!” H8 III, 2, 93. “O f. a falconer's voice!” Rom. II, 2, 159. “O f. a chair!” Oth. V, 1, 82. “O f. a horse with wings!” Cymb. III, 2, 50. “now f. our mountain sport!” III, 3, 10. “now f. the counsel of my son and queen!” IV, 3, 27.
10) on account of, because of, with: “red f. shame,” Ven. 36. “that even f. anger makes the lily pale,” Lucr. 478. “pale f. sorrow,” Pilgr. 119. “now should not the shoe speak a word f. weeping,” Gentl. II, 3, 28. “giddy f. lack of sleep,” Shr. IV, 3, 9. “as far as I could well discern f. smoke and dusky vapours,” H6A II, 2, 27. “these cheeks are pale f. watching,” H6B IV, 7, 90 (F2. H6B IV, 7, 90 4 “with). my heart f. anger burns,” H6C I, 1, 60. “if thou canst f. blushing, view this face,” I, 4, 46. “if that I could f. weeping,” Cor. IV, 2, 13. “shakes f. age and feebleness,” Tit. I, 188. “Cydnus swelled above the banks, or f. the press of boats or pride,” Cymb. II, 4, 71. “thus by day my limbs, by night my mind, f. thee and f. myself no quiet find,” Sonn. 27, 14 (== on account of thee). “the lily I condemned f. thy hand,” 99, 6. and I (banished) “from Mantua f. a gentleman, who in my mood I stabbed unto the heart,” Gentl. IV, 1, 50. “he dares not come there f. the candle,” Mids. V, 253. “happy f. so sweet a child,” H6A V, 3, 148. “he hates me f. my father Warwick,” R3 IV, 1, 86. “my valour . . . f. him shall fly out of itself” Cor. I, 10, 18. “leave nothing out f. length,” II, 2, 53. “not having the power to do the good it would, f. the ill which doth control it,” III, 1, 161. III, 3, 134. Caes. III, 2, 13. Mcb. III, 1, 121. “to trash f. o'ertopping,” Tp. I, 2, 81. “the red plague rid you f. learning me your language,” Tp. I, 2, 81 “torment me f. bringing wood in slowly,” II, 2, 16. “'twill weep f. having wearied you,” III, 1, 19. “smote the air f. breathing in their faces,” IV, 173. “I was taken up f. laying them down,” Gentl. I, 2, 135. “I was chidden f. being too slow,” II, 1, 12. “banished f. practising to steal away a lady,” IV, 1, 48. “our peace will grow stronger f. the breaking,” H4B IV, 1, 223. “banished f. mischiefs manifold,” Tp. I, 2, 264. “f. one thing she did they would not take her life,” Tp. I, 2, 264 “f. this thou shalt have cramps,” Tp. I, 2, 264 “I'll free thee f. this,” Tp. I, 2, 264 “f. every trifle are they set upon me,” II, 2, 8. “I will give him some relief, if it be but f. that,” II, 2, 8 “f. several virtues have I liked several women,” III, 1, 42. “do not, f. one repulse, forego the purpose,” III, 3, 12. “apprehended f. arrival here,” Err. I, 2, 4. “f. which, I hope, thou feltst I was displeased,” II, 2, 19. “scape being drunk f. want of wine,” Tp. II, 1, 146. Gentl. II, 1, 31. “I hid me f. fear of the storm,” Tp. II, 2, 116. Gentl. I, 3, 78. II, 3, 52. “it is f. love,” Gentl. II, 4, 4. Mids. III, 2, 311. “f. what cause thou comest to Ephesus,” Err. I, 1, 31. “f. the great desire I had to see fair Padua, I am arrived,” Shr. I, 1, 1. “leave pricking it f. pity,” Cor. I, 3, 96. “alack, f. woe!” R2 III, 3, 70. “I thank thee f. that jest,” Tp. IV, 241. I, 2, 175. II, 1, 123. “which speed, I hope, the better f. our words,” Merch. V, 115. “he were the worse f. that, were he a horse,” Ant. III, 2, 52. “if it were not f. one trifling respect, I could come to such honour,” Wiv. II, 1, 44. “were 't not f. laughing, I should pity him,” H4A II, 2, 117. “he would have lived many a fair year, if it had not been f. a hot midsummer night,” As IV, 1, 102. But for, in the same sense, == if there had not been: “these mine eyes, but f. thy piteous lips, no more had seen,” Ven. 504 (cf. But). Save for == except: “then was this island, save f. the son that she did litter here, not honoured with a human shape,” Tp. I, 2, 282. “of all one pain, save f. a night of groans,” R3 IV, 4, 303.
Peculiar use: the which (treasure) “he will not every hour survey, f. blunting the fine point of seldom pleasure,” Sonn. 52, 4 (i. e. because it would blunt, == lest it should blunt). “here they shall not lie, f. catching cold,” Gentl. I, 2, 136. “now will I dam up this thy yawning mouth f. swallowing the treasure of the realm,” H6B IV, 1, 74. “and advise thee to desist f. going on death's net,” Per. I, 1, 40. Troil. I, 2, 293.
11) in spite of (when followed by all): “yet f. all that let him be a handsome fellow,” Ado II, 1, 57. V, 1, 177. Merch. III, 4, 73. All's IV, 3, 242. V, 3, 193. Caes. I, 2, 240. “f. all this,” Merch. II, 5, 41. Tw. II, 5, 135. Mcb. IV, 3, 44. Lr. II, 4, 54. “f. all this same,” Rom. V, 3, 43. “the priest was good enough, f. all the old gentleman's saying,” As V, 1, 3. Mcb. IV, 2, 37. “draw, men, f. all this privileged place,” H6A I, 3, 46. “f. all this flattering gloss, he will be found a dangerous protector,” H6B I, 1, 163. “f. all his wings, the fool was drowned,” H6C V, 6, 20. “f. all her cherubin look,” Tim. IV, 3, 63. Hence for all == though: “taking no notice that she is so nigh, f. all askance he holds her in his eye,” Ven. 342. “f. all he was in woman's apparel, I would not have had him,” Wiv. V, 5, 204. there are “verier knaves desire to live, f. all he be a Roman,” Cymb. V, 4, 209 (cf. All).
12) with respect to, concerning (cf. As): “like none f. constant heart,” Sonn. 53, 14. “I'll warrant him f. drowning,” Tp. I, 1, 49. “f. the liberal arts without a parallel,” I, 2, 73. “I claim the promise f. her heavenly picture,” Gentl. IV, 4, 92. “it would neither serve f. the writing nor the tune,” LLL I, 2, 119. “marvellous well f. the pen,” IV, 2, 158. “I am a right maid f. my cowardice,” Mids. III, 2, 302. “a very paramour f. a sweet voice,” IV, 2, 12. “a very fox f. his valour,” V, 234. “thus much f. greeting,” Shr. IV, 1, 115. “observe his reports f. me,” All's II, 1, 46. “the charge my father gave me f. visiting your highness,” Wint. V, 1, 163. “what store of parting tears were shed? Faith, none f. me,” R2 I, 4, 6. “a second Hector f. his grim aspect,” H6A II, 3, 20. “no way to that f. weakness,” III, 2, 25. “the flower of Europe f. his chivalry,” H6C II, 1, 71. “so much f. him,” Hml. I, 2, 25. “this f. him,” Ant. III, 12, 15. “f. the rest o' the fleet, they all have met again,” Tp. I, 2, 232. “but f. the miracle, few can speak like us,” II, 1, 6. “f. you . . . . I do forgive . . .,” V, 130. cf. “f. me, I force not argument a straw,” Lucr. 1021. f. me, I am the mistress of my fate,<*> Lucr. 1021 Gentl. IV, 2, 100. Wiv. V, 5, 13. Mids. I, 1, 117. Meas. IV, 3, 148. H6B II, 1, 190. III, 2, 59. IV, 8, 32. Ant. III, 13, 51. “f. this new-married man . . . you must pardon,” Meas. V, 405. “f. Angelo, his act did not o'ertake his bad intent,” Meas. V, 405 Meas. V, 405 Meas. V, 405 Ado III, 2, 100. LLL I, 1, 211. I, 2, 135. Shr. II, 3. H6A II, 4, 100. III, 1, 21. H6B I, 1, 106. H6C II, 1, 145. V, 5, 3. Ant. III, 12, 19. But for and now for, used to introduce a new theme: “but f. your conscience?” Tp. II, 1, 275. “but f. the bloody napkin?” As IV, 3, 139. “but f. the seventh cause?” V, 4, 69. “now f. your answer,” Merch. IV, 1, 52. “now f. the rebels which stand out in Ireland,” R2 I, 4, 38. “now f. our Irish wars,” II, 1, 155. “now, lords, f. France,” H5 II, 2, 182. “now f. ourself and f. this time of meeting,” Hml. I, 2, 26. cf. “f. your dwelling, briefly,” Caes. III, 3, 26. f. aught I know, and f. anything I know == as far as I know, H4B V, 5, 146. Per. II, 5, 78 (cf. Anything and Aught). “f. aught I could ever read,” Mids. I, 1, 132. “f. aught that I can tell,” III, 2, 76.
Followed by an inf. and having the sense of a conditional clause: “f. Coriolanus neither to care whether they love or hate him manifests the true knowledge he has,” Cor. II, 2, 13. “f. their tongues to be silent were a kind of injury,” Cor. II, 2, 13 “f. the multitude to be ingrateful were to make a monster of the multitude,” II, 3, 10. “f. me to put him to his purgation would perhaps plunge him into far more choler,” Hml. III, 2, 317. “'twould braid yourself too near f. me to tell it,” Per. I, 1, 93. Caes. II, 2, 97.
13) through the space of, during: “f. many miles about there's scarce a bush,” Lr. II, 4, 304. “he's safe f. these three hours,” Tp. III, 1, 21. “f. a little follow,” IV, 266. “f. this one night,” V, 302. “f. this nineteen years,” Meas. I, 3, 21. “f. long,” I, 4, 63. “f. three months,” Tw. V, 97. “f. these eighteen years,” R2 I, 1, 95. “f. this my lifetime,” H6C I, 1, 171. “f. this many a day,” Hml. III, 1, 91 etc. f. ever, see Ever.
14) following, answering, one after another, by: “I'll aid thee tear f. tear,” H6C II, 5, 76. “get goal f. goal of youth,” Ant. IV, 8, 22.
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