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How, 1) in what way and manner, by what means: “being mad before, h. doth she now for wits?” Ven. 249. “h. is it that this lives in thy mind?” Tp. I, 2, 48. Tp. I, 2, 48 Tp. I, 2, 48 Tp. I, 2, 48 Tp. I, 2, 48 II, 2, 124 etc. etc. h. and which way, and h. or which way, pleonastically: “I'll take the sacrament on't, h. and which way you will,” Alls IV, 3, 156. “if I know h. and which way to order these affairs,” R2 II, 2, 109. “h. or which way should they first break in?” H6A II, 1, 71. H6A II, 1, 71 Before an inf.: “some authority h. to proceed,” LLL IV, 3, 287. we have “French quarrels enow, if you could tell h. to reckon,” H5 IV, 1, 241. Often superfluous: “my true eyes have never practised h. to cloak offences,” Lucr. 748; cf. Shr. III, 2, 253. “my busy care is h. to get my palfrey from the mare,” Ven. 384. “being once perfected h. to grant suits,” Tp. I, 2, 79. “instruct thee h. to snare the marmoset,” II, 2, 173. “I seek occasion h. to rise,” H6C I, 2, 45. “seek h. to redress their harms,” V, 4, 2. “laboured much h. to forget that learning,” Hml. V, 2, 35. “what is your study? h. to prevent the fiend,” Lr. III, 4, 164. “instructs you h. to adore the heavens,” Cymb. III, 3, 3. Particularly after the verbs to know, learn and “teach:” Lucr. 810. Lucr. 810 Sonn. 39, 13. 101, 13. 150, 9. Tp. I, 2, 364. II, 1, 222. Gent. V, 3, 4. Err. III, 2, 33. Ado II, 1, 396. V, 1, 142. Merch. III, 2, 11. As I, 1, 26. I, 2, 6. III, 2, 388. Shr. IV, 3, 7. John III, 1, 30. V, 2, 88. H5 III, 1, 25. H6B V, 1, 6. R3 I, 2, 224. Tit. V, 3, 70. Rom. III, 2, 12. Cymb. I, 5, 12 etc.
2) as: “h. thou pleasest, God, dispose the day,” H5 IV, 3, 142. “make your own purpose, h. in my strength you please,” Lr. II, 1, 114. Especially after look: “look, h. a bird lies tangled in a net, so fastened in her arms Adonis lies,” Ven. 67. “look, h. a bright star shooteth from the sky, so glides he in the night from Venus' eye,” Ven. 67 “look, how the world's poor people are amazed at apparitions, so she at these sad signs draws up her breath,” Ven. 67 “look, h. far the substance of my praise doth wrong this shadow, so far this shadow doth limp behind the substance,” Merch. III, 2, 126. “look, h. this ring encompasseth thy finger, even so thy breast encloseth my poor heart,” R3 I, 2, 204. “and look, h. many Grecian tents do stand hollow upon this plain, so many hollow factions,” Troil. I, 3, 79 (cf. “look, as:” Lucr. 372. 694 etc.).
3) of what quality: “h. features are abroad, I am skilless of,” Tp. III, 1, 52. “h. would you be, if He should judge you as you are?” Meas. II, 2, 75. “h. is the man esteemed here in the city?” Err. V, 4. cf. Ven. 79. H4A V, 2, 12 etc.
4) to what degree: “h. quick is love!” Ven. 38. “canst not feel h. want of love tormenteth,” Ven. 38 “perceiving h. he is enraged,” Ven. 38 “h. he outruns the wind,” Ven. 38 “h. strange it seems,” Ven. 38 “h. much a fool was I,” Ven. 38 “I know not h. much tribute,” Tp. I, 2, 124. “look h. well my garments sit upon me,” II, 1, 272. “h. many fond fools serve mad jealousy,” Err. II, 1, 116. “he hath indeed better bettered expectation than you must expect of me to tell me h.” Ado I, 1, 17 etc. The ind. art. between the adj. and subst.: “h. high a pitch,” R2 I, 1, 109. h. dread an army, H5 IV Ch. 36 etc. By h. much . . . by so much == the more . . . the more: “by h. much unexpected, by so much we must awake endeavour,” John II, 80. by h. much correlative to a comparative: “you are the better at proverbs, by h. much a fool's bolt is soon shot,” H5 III, 7, 131. Followed by ever: “h. heinous e'er it be,” R2 V, 3, 34. “h. dearly ever parted,” Troil. III, 3, 96. by “soever:” LLL I, 1, 194 etc. (cf. Soever).
5) == however: “look h. he can, she cannot choose but love,” Ven. 79. “how far I toil, still farther off from thee,” Sonn. 28, 8. “I never yet saw man, h. wise, h. noble, but she would spell him backward,” Ado III, 1, 60. “be blamed for it h. you might,” Wint. II, 1, 161. “look h. we can, or sad or merrily, interpretation will misquote our looks,” H4A V, 2, 12. “whether his fall enraged him, or h. 'twas, he did so set his teeth,” Cor. I, 3, 69. “h. much the quantity, the weight as much, as I do love my father,” Cymb. IV, 2, 17. Cor. V, 1, 61.
6) == what: “h. 's the day?” Tp. V, 3 (== what time of day is it?). “h. then? shall he marry her?” Gent. II, 5, 17. “h. dost thou mean a fat marriage?” Err. III, 2, 95. “h. do you mean?” Alls III, 5, 71. “h. shall we do?” Wint. IV, 4, 598. “h. art thou called?” H6B V, 1, 73. h. if == what should I or what should you do if: “h. if your husband start some other where?” Err. II, 1, 30. “h. if my brother had of your father claimed this son for his?” John I, 120. “h. if it come to thee again?” R3 I, 4, 136 (Ff what). “h. if, when I am laid into the tomb, I wake before the time,” Rom. IV, 3, 30. h. say you == what do you say, what do you think or mean: Tp. II, 1, 254. Wiv. I, 4, 29. Meas. II, 4, 58. Err. IV, 4, 48. Wint. I, 2, 54. H5 V, 2, 134. H6A II, 3, 61. V, 3, 126. Tit. II, 2, 16. Mcb. III, 4, 69. Hml. I, 5, 121. Oth. II, 1, 164. With by: “h. say you by the French lord?” Merch. I, 2, 58 (cf. By). “h. say you by that?” Hml. II, 2, 188 (== what do you mean by this?). “h. say you by this change?” Oth. I, 3, 17. With to: “h. say you to a fat tripe?” Shr. IV, 3, 20. “h. say you to that?” Tw. I, 5, 88. With a clause: “h. sayest thou that my master is become a notable lover?” Gent. II, 5, 43. “h. sayest thou that Macduff denies his person at our great bidding?” Mcb. III, 4, 128.
7) at what price, how dear: “h. a good yoke of bullocks at Stamford fair?” H4B III, 2, 42. “h. a score of ewes now?” H4B III, 2, 42 “h. go maidenheads?” Troil. IV, 2, 23. “h. a dozen of virginities?” Per. IV, 6, 22.
8) Joined to so, == why: “and sped you, sir? Very ill-favouredly. H. so, sir? did she change her determination?” Wiv. III, 5, 69. “Ajax goes up and down the field, asking for himself. H. so?” Troil. III, 3, 246.
9) Used as an exclamation, particularly to express surprise: “I am the best of them that speak this speech, were I but where 'tis spoken. H.? the best?” Tp. I, 2, 430. “my wife, whom I detest . . . H.? thy wife?” Meas. II, 1, 71. “h. h., h. h., chop-logic:” Rom. III, 5, 150 (only in Q2; the rest of O. Edd. h. now). “Caius Ligarius, h!” Caes. II, 1, 312. “it is not lost; but what an if it were? H.!” Oth. III, 4, 84. “h.! of adultery?” Cymb. III, 2, 1. Very often joined to now, q. v.
10) Placed before sentences, to lay a stress on them and draw attention to a fact: “h. like a jade he stood,” Ven. 391. “h. he outruns the wind,” Ven. 391 “h. her eyes and tears did lend and borrow!” Ven. 391 “h. her fear did make her colour rise!” Lucr. 257. “h. her hand, in my hand being locked, forced it to tremble,” Lucr. 257 Lucr. 257 Tp. I, 2, 410. II, 1, 52. III, 2, 34. Gent. V, 4, 1. Err. II, 1, 86 etc. Before dependent clauses almost == that: “to note the fighting conflict of her hue, h. white and red each other did destroy,” Ven. 346. “sings extemporally a woful ditty, h. love makes young men thrall and old men dote,” Ven. 346 “I, not remembering h. I cried out then, will cry it o'er again,” Tp. I, 2, 133. “is not ignorant how his companion attends the emperor,” Gent. I, 3, 26. III, 2, 26. “none better knows than you h. I have ever loved the life removed,” Meas. I, 3, 8. “when men were fond, I smiled and wondered h.” II, 2, 187. “have informed me how the English wont to overpeer the city,” H6A I, 4, 9. “that he may have a likely guess h. these were they that made away his brother,” Tit. II, 3, 208 etc.
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