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Mistake, vb. (impf. mistook, partic. mistook, mistaken and mista'en) 1) to take wrongly, to commit an error or offence in taking: “I have mistook: this is the ring you sent to Silvia,” Gent. V, 4, 94 (Germ. “ich habe mich vergriffen). I have lost my edifice by -- ing the place where I erected it,” Wiv. II, 2, 225 (== by choosing a wrong place). “I did but tell her she mistook her frets,” Shr. II, 150. “the better act of purposes mistook is to m. again,” John III, 1, 274. “purposes mistook fallen on the inventors' heads,” Hml. V, 2, 395. “so you m. your husbands,” III, 2, 262 (some M. Edd. must take). cf. the quibble in R2 III, 3, 17.
2) to take one person or thing for another: “their several counsels they unbosom shall to loves mistook,” LLL V, 2, 142. “for three-foot stool --th me,” Mids. II, 1, 52. cf. II, 1, 32. III, 2, 112. “it may be you have --n him,” All's II, 5, 43. “you do m. me,” Tw. III, 4, 362 (I am not he whom you mean). “you have mistook Polixenes for Leontes,” Wint. II, 1, 81. “unless I have mista'en his colours quite,” R3 V, 3, 35. “show duty, as --n all this while between the child and parent,” Cor. V, 3, 55 (== confounded). your tributary drops belong “to woe, which you --ing offer up to joy,” Rom. III, 2, 104. “you did m. him sure,” Cymb. IV, 2, 102.
3) to misjudge: “or me, to whom thou gavest it, else --ing,” Sonn. 87, 10. “m. me not so much to think my poverty is treacherous,” As I, 3, 66. “you have mistook me all this while,” R2 III, 2, 174. “my father's purposes have been mistook,” H4B IV, 2, 56. “as you did m. the outward composition of his body,” H6A II, 3, 74. “thou --st me much to think I do,” H6B V, 1, 130. “I do m. my person all this while,” R3 I, 2, 253. “and could wish he were something --n in it,” H8 I, 1, 195. “your rage --s us,” III, 1, 101. “you m. my fortunes,” Tim. II, 2, 193. “you m. my love,” I, 2, 9. “I have much mistook your passion,” Caes. I, 2, 48. “--ing his purpose,” Lr. I, 2, 90.
4) to misapprehend, to misunderstand; absol.: “you m.” Gent. I, 1, 113. “you mistook,” Gent. I, 1, 113 “or else I mistook,” II, 1, 10. IV, 2, 57. “your grace --s,” R2 III, 3, 10. “m. not, uncle,” R2 III, 3, 10 Trans.: “he doth but m. the truth,” Tp. II, 1, 57. “thou --st me,” Gent. II, 5, 49. “m. the word,” III, 1, 283. they mistook their erection (for direction) Wiv. III, 5, 41. “you must not m. my niece,” Ado I, 1, 61. “m. me not,” Shr. II, 66; Wint. III, 2, 110; R2 II, 3, 74; Cor. IV, 5, 86; Tim. IV, 3, 504. “it has an elder sister, or I m. you,” Wint. I, 2, 99. “you m. me,” H4B I, 2, 91; R3 II, 2, 8. “you will m. each other,” H5 III, 2, 146.
5) to be wrong, to err, to blunder; absol.: “oft the eye --s, the brain being troubled,” Ven. 1068; cf. “--ing eyes,” Shr. IV, 5, 45; Tit. V, 2, 66. “yet sinned I not but in --ing,” Ado V, 1, 284. “thou hast --n quite,” Mids. III, 2, 88; 345; Mids. III, 2, 88 “the blind woman doth most m. in her gifts to women,” As I, 2, 38. “m. no more,” Shr. IV, 2, 16. “you m., sir,” V, 1, 82; Tw. I, 3, 59; III, 4, 247. “you, my lord, do but m.” Wint. II, 1, 81; Wint. II, 1, 81 “if I m. in those foundations,” Wint. II, 1, 81 “to m. again,” John III, 1, 274. “if I m. not,” H4A V, 4, 59. “for thy --ing so, we pardon thee,” H6B V, 1, 128. H6B V, 1, 128 “this dagger has mista'en,” Rom. V, 3, 203. -- Trans., to m. something, == to fail in, to err in, to be wrong with regard to sth.: “to make the cunning hounds m. their smell,” Ven. 686. “thy false dart --s that aim and cleaves an infant's heart,” Ven. 686 “thy wretched wife mistook the matter so,” Lucr. 1826. “no marvel then though I m. my view,” Sonn. 148, 11. “this letter is mistook,” LLL IV, 1, 57 (==delivered into wrong hands). “thou hast --n his letter,” LLL IV, 1, 57 “our sport shall be to take what they m.” Mids. V, 90. “you m. the matter,” R3 I, 3, 62. “what's he that hath so much thy place mistook to set thee here,” Lr. II, 4, 12. “you do m. your business,” Ant. II, 2, 45.
Reflexively: “had he mistook him and sent to me, I should ne'er have denied his occasion so many talents,” Tim. III, 2, 25 (== had he sent to me by mistake).
To be mistaken or mistook == to be in an error, to be wrong: “how am I mistook in you,” Wiv. III, 3, 111. “she, mistaken, seems to dote on me,” Tw. II, 2, 36. “you have been mistook,” V, 266. “you are too much mistaken in this king,” H5 II, 4, 30. “else you may be marvellously mistook,” III, 6, 85. “pardon me, if I be mistaken,” Lr. I, 4, 70. “you are mistaken,” Cymb. I, 4, 89.
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