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Near, adj. and adv. 1) nigh, not far, at a short distance; of place: “come a little --er,” Wiv. II, 2, 47. “how n. is he?” IV, 2, 39. “a' must shoot --er,” LLL IV, 1, 136. “approach not n.” Mids. II, 2, 22. “a neighbour and n. bred,” Merch. II, 1, 3. “every country far and n.” H6A V, 4, 3. a --er way (== a shorter way) R3 IV, 4, 462. “to catch the --est way,” Mcb. I, 5, 19 etc. etc. With to: “to this troop come thou not n.” Phoen. 8. “draw n. to me,” Err. V, 12. “n. to her bower,” Mids. III, 2, 7. “n. to the walls,” H6A II, 1, 3. “n. to the town of Leicester,” R3 V, 2, 12. “your ladyship is --er to heaven than when I saw you last,” Hml. II, 2, 445 (Ff --er heaven). “I am n. to the place,” Cymb. IV, 1, 1. “on the mountains n. to Milford,” V, 5, 281 etc. With a noun without to: “do so n. the bottom run,” Tp. II, 1, 227. “we now are n. his cell,” IV, 195. “come not n. her,” Err. IV, 3, 58. IV, 4, 109. Mids. II, 2, 12. Mids. II, 2, 12 V, 170. Merch. III, 4, 80. IV, 1, 233. 254 “(--est).” As I, 3, 46. III, 5, 32. All's I, 3, 110. H6B I, 3, 144 etc. etc.
Peculiar use: come n. the house, I pray you, == enter the house, come in: Wiv. I, 4, 140. “let not that doctor e'er come n. my house,” Merch. V, 223. pray you, come n. (== come in, go in) Wiv. III, 3, 159. please you, draw n. (enter the cell) Tp. V, 318. “will you draw n.?” All's III, 2, 101. “pray, draw n.” Tim. II, 2, 46. pray you, walk n.; I'll speak with you anon, 132 (cf. Approach).
Used of time: “dreading the winter's n.” Sonn. 97, 14. “when their deaths be n.” 140, 7. “and very n. upon the duke is entering,” Meas. IV, 6, 14 (cf. Upon). “that ever may be n.” As III, 5, 28 etc. With to: “I cannot give guess how n. to day,” Caes. II, 1, 3. Without to: “is't n. dinner-time?” Gent. I, 2, 67. “she is very n. her hour,” Meas. II, 2, 16. IV, 2, 97. “thy conceit is --er death than thy powers,” As II, 6, 8. “it is not yet n. day,” R3 V, 3, 220 etc.
2) approaching to, up to, not very short of the thing in question: “how n. the god drew to the complexion of a goose,” Wiv. V, 5, 8. “it draws something n. to the speech we had to such a purpose,” Meas. I, 2, 79. “this comes too n. the praising of myself,” Merch. III, 4, 22. “by the n. guess of my memory,” I, 3, 55. your coming before me is --er to his (our father's) “reverence,” As I, 1, 54. “as n. as I could sift him on that argument,” R2 I, 1, 12. “tell me their words as n. as thou canst guess them,” H6C IV, 1, 90. “I aimed so n.” Rom. I, 1, 211. “what things in the world canst thou --est compare to thy flatterers?” Tim. IV, 3, 319. Tim. IV, 3, 319 Hence == resembling, like: “he so n. to Hermione hath done Hermione,” Wint. V, 2, 109. “comes it not something n.?” V, 3, 23. And == nearly, almost, within a little: “since I am n. slain, kill me outright with looks and rid my pain,” Sonn. 139, 13. “whose contents shall witness to him I am n. at home,” Meas. IV, 3, 99. “n. twenty years ago,” Shr. IV, 4, 4. to go n. == to be like, or to have like: “it will go n. to remove his fit,” Tp. II, 2, 78. “it will go n. to be thought so shortly,” Ado IV, 2, 24. “the death of a dear friend would go n. to make a man look sad,” Mids. V, 294. “there be some women . . . would have gone n. to fall in love with him,” As III, 5, 125. “you shall go n. to call them both a pair of crafty knaves,” H6B I, 2, 102.
3) attached by the ties of blood, or of affection and confidence: “for thee watch I whilst thou dost wake elsewhere, from me far off, with others all too n.” Sonn. 61, 14. “n. allied unto the duke,” Gent. IV, 1, 49. done my adieu with his (the duke's) --“est,” All's IV, 3, 101. “my --est of kin,” Wint. III, 2, 54. “my --est and dearest enemy,” H4A III, 2, 123. “n. kinsman unto Charles,” H6A V, 5, 45. “--er in bloody thoughts, but not in blood,” R3 II, 1, 92. “emulation now, who shall be --est,” II, 3, 25. “you and he are n. in love,” III, 4, 14. “I will have none so n. else,” H8 II, 2, 135. “sons, kinsmen, thanes, and you whose places are the --est,” Mcb. I, 4, 36. “who, being born your vassal, am something --er,” Cymb. V, 5, 114. With to: “I love the king and what is --est to him,” Wint. IV, 4, 533. “the lady Blanche is n. to England,” John II, 424 (M. Edd. niece). “n. to the king in blood and n. in love,” R2 III, 1, 17. “you twain are n. to Warwick by blood and by alliance,” H6C IV, 1, 136. “I have often wished myself poorer, that I might come --er to you,” Tim. I, 2, 105. “murder's as n. to lust as flame to smoke,” Per. I, 1, 138. With an accus. without to: “a scandalous breath to fall on him so n. us,” Meas. V, 123. “you are very n. my brother in his love,” Ado II, 1, 169. “the son of the king --est his father,” H4B II, 2, 130. “this Percy was the man -- est my soul,” III, 1, 61. “I would humour his men with the imputation of being n. their master,” V, 1, 81. “he is n. you in descent,” H6B III, 1, 21. “a man of his place, and so n. our favour,” H8 V, 2, 30.
4) touching, interesting one's intellect or feelings, coming home to one: “some affairs that touch me n.” Gent. III, 1, 60. “I have heard herself come thus n.” Tw. II, 5, 29. “when his holy state is touched so n.” H6A III, 1, 58. “will touch us all too n.” R3 II, 3, 26. “to touch his growth --er than he touched mine,” II, 4, 25. “Ely with Richmond troubles me more n.” IV, 3, 49. “what --er debt in all humanity than wife is to the husband?” Troil. II, 2, 175. “it does concern you n.” Tim. I, 2, 183. “which many my n. occasions did urge me to put off,” III, 6, 11. “every minute of his being thrusts against my --est of life,” Mcb. III, 1, 118. “touch me not so n.” Oth. II, 3, 220. With to: “whose love of either to myself was --er?” Lucr. 1165. “the --est things to my heart,” Wint. I, 2, 236. With an accus.: “no grief did ever come so n. thy heart,” Gent. IV, 3, 19. “if you do love Rosalind so n. the heart,” As V, 2, 68. “our nearness to the king in love is n. the hate of those love not the king,” R2 II, 2, 128. “do you come n. me now?” Tw. III, 4, 71. “you come n. me now,” H4A I, 2, 14. “so n. mine honour,” H8 III, 1, 71. “am I come n. ye now?” Rom. I, 5, 22. “if it touch not you, it comes n. nobody,” Oth. IV, 1, 210. “they are not n. my conscience,” Hml. V, 2, 58.
5) near, the form of the positive, by contraction for nearer: “nor n. nor farther off,” R2 III, 2, 64 (here the suffix er may be considered as belonging to both adverbs). “better far off than n., being ne'er the n.” V, 1, 88 (i. e. being not nearer for being at a small distance). “the n. in blood, the --er bloody,” Mcb. II, 3, 146 (perhaps positive).
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