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Once, 1) one time, a single time: “three times with sighs she gives her sorrow fire, ere o. she can discharge one word of woe,” Lucr. 1604. “I must o. in a month recount,” Tp. I, 2, 262. “o. a day,” Tp. I, 2, 262 Wiv. III, 5, 103. Err. III, 2, 177. LLL V, 2, 227. Ado II, 3, 47. Merch. IV, 1, 215. Tim. V, 1, 220. Hml. II, 2, 456. Cymb. II, 4, 143 etc. “o. again,” Tp. III, 2, 44. Gent. V, 4, 78. Err. V, 130 (cf. Again). “once more,” Gent. I, 1, 53 etc. (cf. More). this o. == this single time, on this occasion: “help me this o.” H6A V, 3, 12. for this o., in the same sense: “put your grace in your pocket for this o.” Tw. V, 36. “for this o. I will be squared by this,” Wint. III, 3, 40. H6C IV, 1, 50. Rom. IV, 2, 43. for o. in the same sense: “I'll be so bold to break the seal for o.” Gent. III, 1, 139. H6C V, 4, 20. R3 III, 1, 57. “for o. for all,” R2 II, 2, 148. at o. == a) at the same time, together: “they all at o. began to cry,” Lucr. 1709. “their gazes lend to every place at o.” Compl. 27. “that the money and the matter may be both at o. delivered,” Gent. I, 1, 138. Ado III, 2, 35. Mids. III, 2, 118. All's III, 2, 123. V, 3, 34. Wint. I, 2, 303. R2 II, 2, 99. H6A I, 2, 109. H6B II, 3, 41. Tim. III, 4, 7; cf. H6C III, 3, 221. Mcb. I, 3, 44. and all at o. == and all the rest, and every thing else (cf. All): “that you insult, exult, and all at o., over the wretched,” As III, 5, 36. “never Hydra-headed wilfulness so soon did lose his seat and all at o. as in this king,” H5 I, 1, 36. b) not gradually, not one thing after another, not in a lingering or hesitating manner, but on a sudden, in a breath, directly, promptly: “lingering perdition, worse than any death can be at o.” Tp. III, 3, 78. “let them from forth a sawpit rush at o.” Wiv. IV, 4, 53. “which they will at o. display to the night,” V, 3, 17. “better it were a brother died at o. than that a sister should die for ever,” Meas. II, 4, 106. “you speak all your part at o., cues and all,” Mids. III, 1, 102. “come at o.” Merch. II, 6, 46. “either too much at o., or none at all,” As III, 2, 212. “at o. uncase thee,” Shr. I, 1, 211. “fare ye well at o.” Tw. II, 1, 40. “farewell at o.” R2 II, 2, 148. “die at o.” R3 I, 2, 152. “break at o.” Rom. III, 2, 57. “do it at o.” Ant. IV, 14, 82. Ant. IV, 14, 82 Hence == without circumlocution, in a word, to the point: “say at o. if I maintained the truth,” H6A II, 4, 5. “my lords, at o., the care you have of us is worthy praise, but . . . .,” H6B III, 1, 66. “my lords, at o., the cause why we are met is . . . .,” R3 III, 4, 1 (Ff now, noble peers). Once, alone, == at once: “to be o. in doubt is o. to be resolved,” Oth. III, 3, 180.
2) Used (like the German einmal) to signify that the matter spoken of is a point of fact, for which there is no remedy, or which must be profited by as it is: “when the heart's attorney o. is mute, the client breaks,” Ven. 335. “the lesson is but plain, and o. made perfect, never lost again,” Ven. 335 “like soldiers, when their captain o. doth yield, they basely fly,” Ven. 335 “the heart, which o. corrupted takes the worser part,” Lucr. 294. “nor think the bitterness of absence sour when you have bid your servant o. adieu,” Sonn. 57, 8. “death o. dead, there's no more dying,” 146, 14. “being o. perfected how to grant suits,” Tp. I, 2, 79. “an you be a cursing hypocrite o., you must be looked to,” Ado V, 1, 212. “having o. this juice, I'll watch Titania,” Mids. II, 1, 176. “and will not . . . . o. remove the root of his opinion,” Wint. II, 3, 88 (German: will einmal nicht). “if this servile usage o. offend, go and be free again,” H6A V, 3, 58. “can you behold my sighs and tears and will not o. relent?” III, 1, 108 (cf. Wint. II, 3, 88). “what we oft do best, by sick interpreters, o. weak ones, is not ours, or not allowed,” H8 I, 2, 82 (German: schwachköpfig wie sie einmal sind). “an you begin to rail on society o., I am sworn not to give regard to you,” Tim. I, 2, 251. “have I o. lived to see two honest men?” V, 1, 59 (== have I lived indeed, and must I believe it?). “to be o. in doubt,” Oth. III, 3, 179. “if idle talk will o. be necessary, I'll not sleep neither,” Ant. V, 2, 50. “fight I will no more, but yield me to the veriest hind that shall o. touch my shoulder,” Cymb. V, 3, 78. Peculiar passages: “o. this, your long experience of her wisdom, her sober virtue, years and modesty, plead on her part some cause to you unknown,” Err. III, 1, 89 (== so much is certain). “'tis o., thou lovest,” Ado I, 1, 320 (it is a fact past help; German: du liebst nun einmal). “o. if he do require our voices, we ought not to deny him,” Cor. II, 3, 1 (German: wenn er einmal etc.).
3) Used in imperative sentences as an emphatical expletive: “I pray thee, o. to-night give my sweet Nan this ring,” Wiv. III, 4, 103. “let us o. lose our oaths to find ourselves,” LLL IV, 3, 361. “O, o. tell true, tell true, even for my sake,” Mids. III, 2, 68. Stephano says “speak o. in thy life,” Tp. III, 2, 24.
4) at a certain time, on a certain occasion, one day: “the little Love-god lying o. asleep,” Sonn. 154, 1. “o. did I see a fair sweet youth here,” Pilgr. 125. “where o. thou calledst me up,” Tp. I, 2, 227. II, 2, 29. Ado II, 1, 289. Mids. I, 1, 166. II, 1, 149. IV, 1, 117. John I, 74. H6C I, 1, 221. Cor. II, 3, 16 etc.
5) in past or future times, formerly, in future: “I no more can see what o. I was,” Lucr. 1764. “nativity, o. in the main of light,” Sonn. 60, 5. 120, 8. Tp. I, 2, 47. Meas. II, 2, 73. V, 208. Err. II, 2, 115. V, 342. Merch. IV, 1, 277. “what darest thou not when o. thou art a king?” Lucr. 606. “yet o. ere night I will embrace him with a soldier's arm,” H4A V, 2, 73. “I hope to see London o. ere I die,” H4B V, 3, 64. Caes. IV, 3, 191 etc.
6) at any time, ever: “no cloudy show of stormy blustering weather doth yet in his fair welkin o. appear,” Lucr. 116. “better o. than never,” Shr. V, 1, 155. “why have those banished and forbidden legs dared o. to touch a dust of England's ground?” R2 II, 3, 91. “we may not think the justness of each act such and no other than event doth form it, nor o. deject the courage of our minds, because Cassandra's mad,” Troil. II, 2, 121. “that so degenerate a strain as this should o. set footing in your generous bosoms,” Troil. II, 2, 121 “where nothing, but who knows nothing, is o. seen to smile,” Mcb. IV, 3, 167. “would heart of man o. think it?” Hml. I, 5, 121. “more laughed at that I should o. name you derogately,” Ant. II, 2, 34. “nor o. be chastised with the sober eye of dull Octavia,” V, 2, 54.
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