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Over or O'er, prepos. 1) from side to side along the surface, across, through: “pursue these fearful creatures o'er the downs,” Ven. 677. “over hill, over dale, over park, over pale,” Mids. II, 1, 2. Mids. II, 1, 2 “I'll not over the threshold,” Cor. I, 3, 82. “a promised march over his kingdom,” Hml. IV, 4, 4. “come o'er the bourn,” Lr. III, 6, 27. “a conduct over land,” Cymb. III, 5, 8 etc. With the idea of a height surmounted: “climb o'er the house,” LLL I, 1, 109. “fell over the threshold,” III, 118. “in so high a style that no man living shall come over it,” Ado V, 2, 7. “o'er the hatch,” John I, 171. Implying motion on the surface without the thought of passing through: “he'll go along o'er the wide world with me,” As I, 3, 134. “gallop o'er the field,” H5 IV, 7, 89 etc. Metaphorically: “she did so course o'er my exteriors,” Wiv. I, 3, 72. “every man look o'er his part,” Mids. IV, 2, 38. Temporally: “o'er night,” Gent. IV, 2, 133. Ado III, 3, 174. “an we might have a good woman born but o'er every blazing star,” All's I, 3, 91 (M. Edd. one).
2) higher in place, == on or above, with the idea of resting or impending on what is below: “over one arm the lusty courser's rein,” Ven. 31. “over my altars hath he hung his lance,” Ven. 31 “over one shoulder doth she hang her head,” Ven. 31 “the shore that o'er his basis bowed,” Tp. II, 1, 120. “hung o'er the altar,” Wiv. IV, 2, 217. “spread o'er the silver waves thy golden hairs,” Err. III, 2, 48. “no man come over me,” Ado V, 2, 9. “pluck it o'er your brows,” Wint. IV, 4, 665. “reproach and dissolution hangeth over him,” R2 II, 1, 258. “the heavens are o'er our heads,” III, 3, 17. “looks proudly o'er the crown,” R3 IV, 3, 42 (cf. H6C I, 3, 12. see Look. Ff and most M. Edd. on) etc. Metaphorically, denoting power or influence: “when I was certain o'er incertainty,” Sonn. 115, 11. “sovereign mistress over wreck,” 126, 5. “I strong o'er them, and you o'er me being strong,” Compl. 257. “o'er whom I give thee power,” Tp. IV, 38. they strive to be lords o'er their lords, LLLIV, 1, 38. “Dian's bud o'er Cupid's flower hath such force and blessed power,” Mids. IV, 1, 78. “queen o'er myself,” Merch. III, 2, 171. Lr. IV, 3, 16. “king o'er him and all that he enjoys,” John II, 240. “regent o'er the French,” H6B I, 3, 209. “o'er them Aufidius,” Cor. I, 6, 54. “mixtures powerful o'er the blood,” Oth. I, 3, 104 etc.
3) passing beyond: “though I be o'er ears for my labour,” Tp. IV, 214. “he was more than over shoes in love,” Gent. I, 1, 24. Gent. I, 1, 24 “a man may go over shoes in the grime,” Err III, 2, 106. “o'er shoes in blood,” Mids. III, 2, 48. “o'er head and ears a forked one,” Wint. I, 2, 186 etc. over and above == besides: Wiv. V, 5, 177; cf. “over and beside:” Shr. I, 2, 149. Metaphorically, with the idea of surpassing or conquering: “come over it,” Ado V, 2, 7. “I came o'er his heart,” LLL V, 2, 278. “how happy some o'er other some can be,” Mids. I, 1, 126. “to triumph over:” H8 V, 1, 124. Tit. I, 178 etc.
4) Denoting a state of being engaged in, or attentive to, something: “as the grim lion fawneth o'er his prey,” Lucr. 421. “so looks the pent-up lion o'er the wretch,” H6C I, 3, 12 (cf. R3 IV, 3, 42). “utter your gravity o'er a gossip's bowl,” Rom. III, 5, 175. “over thy wounds now do I prophesy,” Caes. III, 1, 259. Hence indicating the cause or motive of an action as present and in sight: “the remainder mourning over them,” Tp. V, 13. “their father, making such pitiful dole over them,” As I, 2, 139. “that you insult, exult, and all at once, over the wretched,” III, 5, 37. “I will be more jealous of thee than a Barbary cock-pigeon over his hen,” IV, 1, 151. “you, that are thus so tender o'er his follies,” Wint. II, 3, 128. “seems to weep over his country's wrongs,” H4A IV, 3, 82. “weeps over them,” H6B I, 1, 226. “weeping and wailing over Tybalt's corse,” Rom. III, 2, 128. o'er whom his very madness shows itself “pure,” Hml. IV, 1, 25. “so tender over his occasions,” Cymb. V, 5, 87. Thus sometimes almost == on occasion of, at: “when after execution judgement hath repented o'er his doom,” Meas. II, 2, 12. “I weep o'er my father's death anew,” All's I, 1, 3. “I do at this hour joy o'er myself, prevented from a damned enterprise,” H5 II, 2, 163. “if you are so fond over her iniquity,” Oth. IV, 1, 208.
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