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Promise, vb. 1) to declare to be willing to do or give something; absol.: “knows at what time to p.” H4A IV, 3, 53. “to p. is most courtly,” Tim. V, 1, 29. With an accus.: “p. more speed,” Lucr. 1349. “to p. aid,” Lucr. 1349 Sonn. 34, 1. Compl. 70. Tp. I, 2, 243. Meas. V, 219. Err. IV, 1, 23. IV, 3, 70. H6A I, 2, 82. IV, 3, 10. Tit. I, 298. Caes. I, 2, 293 (I am --d forth == I have accepted an invitation) etc. With a dative: “p. you infinitely,” H4B V, 5, 132. Accus. and dative; a) dat. with to: “she is --d by her friends unto a gentleman,” Gent. III, 1, 106. “will not p. her to any man,” Shr. I, 2, 262. “to whom I p. a counterpoise,” All's II, 3, 181. “could p. to himself a thought of added honour,” Troil. IV, 5, 144. H5 II Chor. H5 II Chor. H6C II, 2, 58. b) without to: “and p. you calm seas,” Tp. V, 314. Wiv. III, 3, 239. Meas. III, 2, 212. Err. II, 1, 106. IV, 3, 47. IV, 3, 47 Merch. III, 2, 34. All's II, 1, 193. Wint. IV, 4, 239. H4B V, 5, 126. H6C II, 3, 52 etc. The dative subject in the passive: I was --d them (gloves) Wint. IV, 4, 237. “shalt be what thou art --d,” Mcb. I, 5, 17. “he is --d to be wived to fair Marina,” Per. V, 2, 10. With an inf.: “thou didst p. to bate me a full year,” Tp. I, 2, 249. Wiv. II, 3, 5. Meas. I, 2, 75. IV, 1, 18. Err. V, 222. Ado I, 1, 44. V, 4, 13. LLL I, 2, 37. Merch. I, 1, 121. As III, 3, 44. H6B I, 2, 78 etc. With a clause: Meas. III, 1, 181. H4B V, 5, 129 etc. cf. Wiv. III, 4, 112.
2) to afford reason to hope or to expect; absol.: where most it (expectation) “--s,” All's II, 1, 146. “we lay our best love and credence upon thy --ing fortune,” III, 3, 3. “a cause more --ing than . . .,” Wint. IV, 4, 576. Ant. II, 7, 24. Transitively: “my mind --s with my habit no loss shall touch her,” Meas. III, 1, 181. “thou meagre lead, which rather threatenest than dost p. aught,” Merch. III, 2, 105. “those hopes of her good that her education --s,” All's I, 1, 46. “his image, which did p. most venerable worth,” Tw. III, 4, 396. “his expedition --s present approach,” Tim. V, 2, 3. H6C II, 2, 40. H8 I, 1, 48. II, 3, 97. V, 1, 168. Ant. III, 7, 47. IV, 8, 35 etc.
3) I p. you == let me tell you: “not by my consent, I p. you,” Wiv. III, 2, 72. “I do not like thy look, I p. thee,” Ado IV, 2, 47. “I fear it, I p. you,” Mids. III, 1, 29. “I p. you, your kindred hath made my eyes water ere now,” Mids. III, 1, 29 “therefore, I p. ye, I fear you,” Merch. III, 5, 3. “the first time that ever I heard . . . . Or I, I p. thee,” As I, 2, 148. Shr. II, 144. Shr. II, 144 III, 1, 54. H6A IV, 1, 174. R3 I, 4, 65 (Ff methinks). II, 3, 2. V, 3, 232. Tit. II, 3, 196. Rom. III, 4, 6. Tim. I, 2, 118. Lr. I, 2, 156.
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