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Prove, 1) trans. a) to try, to bring to the test “to tie the rider she begins to p.” Ven. 40. “she hath assayed as much as may be --d,” Ven. 40 “not show my head where thou mayst p. me,” Sonn. 26, 14. “to p. the constancy and virtue of your love,” 117, 13. “how Falstaff . . . his dove will p.” Wiv. I, 3, 107. “shall we go p. what's to be done?” Ado I, 3, 75. “to p. whose blood is reddest,” Merch. II, 1, 7. “which if you seek to p., I dare not stand by,” Wint. I, 2, 443. “I mean to p. this lady's courtesy,” H6A II, 2, 58. “p. me, my gracious sovereign,” R3 IV, 2, 69. “we p. this very hour,” Cor. I, 6, 62. “to p. more fortunes thou'rt tired,” IV, 5, 99. “I'll p. him, speed how it will,” V, 1, 60. “'tis a question left us yet to p., whether love lead fortune, or else fortune love,” Hml. III, 2, 212. “I'll see before I doubt; when I doubt, p.” Oth. III, 3, 190. “which first she'll p. on cats and dogs,” Cymb. I, 5, 38. Partic. --d == approved, tried: “prescriptions of rare and --d effects,” All's I, 3, 228. “by nature --d an enemy to the flock,” H6B III, 1, 258. cf. Hml. III, 1, 47.
b) to make for trial or by trying: “thou art a murderer. Do not p. me so,” John IV, 3, 90. “my brain I'll p. the female to my soul,” R2 V, 5, 6. “Troilus will stand to the proof, if you'll p. it so,” Troil. I, 2, 143.
c) to find by trying, to ascertain, to find: “when they in thee the like offences p.” Lucr. 613. “you in me can nothing worthy p.” Sonn. 72, 4. “a seething bath, which yet men p. against strange maladies a sovereign cure,” 153, 7. “I am an ass, indeed; you may p. it by my long ears,” Err. IV, 4, 29. “to p. my saying true,” John III, 1, 28. “that e'er I --d thee false,” H6B III, 1, 205. “if I do p. her haggard,” Oth. III, 3, 260. “as you shall p. us, praise us,” V, 1, 66.
d) to experience, to taste, to see, to feel: “all is imaginary she doth p.” Ven. 597. “a bliss in proof, and --d, a very woe,” Sonn. 129, 11. “in things of great receipt with ease we p. among a number one is reckoned none,” 136, 7. “this by that I p., love's fire heats water, water cools not love,” 154, 13. “we will all the pleasures p.” Pilgr. 354. “'tis too much --d, that with devotion's visage we do sugar o'er the devil himself,” Hml. III, 1, 47. “you have seen and --d a fairer former fortune than that which is to approach,” Ant. I, 2, 33. p. you that or p. that == if you hear that, if: “p. that ever I lose more blood with love than I will get again with drinking, pick out mine eyes,” Ado I, 1, 252. “p. you that any man with me conversed . . . refuse me, hate me,” IV, 1, 183. “p. that ever I dress myself handsome till thy return,” H4B II, 4, 302. “p. that I cannot, take me home again,” Per. IV, 6, 200.
e) to evince, to show: “to p. by wit worth in simplicity,” LLL V, 2, 78. “doth not the crown of England p. the king?” John II, 273. With a double accus., == to show to be: “--ing his beauty by succession thine,” Sonn. 2, 12. “and p. thee virtuous,” 88, 4. “--d thee my best of love,” 110, 8. “this --s me still a sheep,” Gent. I, 1, 82. “rather --d the sliding of your brother a merriment,” Meas. II, 4, 115. IV, 2, 40. LLL I, 2, 59. IV, 3, 274. Mids. III, 2, 127. Mids. III, 2, 127 Tw. I, 5, 64. John IV, 3, 55. H6C III, 3, 71. R3 I, 3, 146 etc. Reflexively: “mercy to thee would p. itself a bawd,” Meas. III, 1, 150. “true she is, as she hath --d herself,” Merch. II, 6, 55. “in first seeing he had --d himself a man,” Cor. I, 3, 18.
f) to evince or establish as a truth, to demonstrate: “--ing their right,” Lucr. 67. “I'll p. it,” Gent. I, 1, 86. III, 1, 369. Meas. II, 1, 88. III, 2, 30. LLL II, 159. III, 39. Mids. III, 2, 255. Shr. I, 2, 177. Shr. I, 2, 177 Tw. III, 1, 29. John I, 68. H6B I, 3, 159. H6C I, 1, 131. Tim. III, 5, 23 etc. With against: “I'll p. mine honour against thee presently,” Err. V, 30. “if it be --d against an alien that he seek the life of any citizen,” Merch. IV, 1, 349. With on, in the same sense: “if this be error and upon me --d,” Sonn. 116, 13. “as shall be -- d upon thee by good witness,” Ado IV, 2, 82. “I'll p. it on his body,” V, 1, 74. Shr. IV, 3, 148. R2 I, 3, 37. IV, 47. H6A II, 4, 98. Cor. III, 3, 47. Lr. IV, 6, 91. V, 3, 93. With a double accus.: “be sure thou p. my love a whore,” Oth. III, 3, 359. “his description --d us unspeaking sots,” Cymb. V, 5, 178. With a clause: Pilgr. 33. Gent. III, 1, 297. Err. II, 2, 101. Ado IV, 2, 23. V, 2, 98. Troil. I, 2, 140 etc.
2) intr. to be found, to be ascertained, to fall out: “they wither in their prime, p. nothing worth,” Ven. 418. “since men p. beasts, let beasts bear gentle minds,” Lucr. 1148. Sonn. 151, 4. Tp. V, 175. Gent. I, 1, 37. Wiv. IV, 2, 119. Mids. V, 317. John II, 270. “that my revengeful services p. as benefits to thee,” Cor. IV, 5, 95. “p. this a prosperous day,” Ant. IV, 6, 6 (if this p. a prosperous day). “if it should p. that thou art so inhuman,” All's V, 3, 115. “O, if it p., tempests are kind,” Tw. III, 4, 418. “if it p. she's otherwise,” Wint. II, 1, 133. “allow us as we p.” Troil. III, 2, 98 etc. With an adverb: “hasty marriage seldom --th well,” H6C IV, 1, 18. “he was likely to have --d most royally,” Hml. V, 2, 409 (Qq royal). “my purpose would p. well,” Cymb. III, 4, 122 (cf. well found in All's II, 1, 105). “pray heaven he p. so,” Gent. II, 7, 79. “if it p. so,” Err. I, 2, 103. Ado III, 1, 105. Merch. III, 2, 20. All's V, 3, 116. Caes. V, 1, 4.
Often quite == to become, to be: “they p. bankrupt in this poor rich gain,” Lucr. 140. “since he died and poets better p.” Sonn. 32, 13. “truth --s thievish for a prize so dear,” 48, 14. “now, jerkin, you are like to lose your hair and p. a bald jerkin,” Tp. IV, 238. “I cannot now p. constant to myself, without some treachery used to Valentine,” Gent. II, 6, 31. with a prayer they (his events) “may prosperous p.” Meas. III, 2, 253. “this may p. worse than hanging,” V, 365. “lest I should p. the mother of fools,” Ado II, 1, 295. “how art thou --d Judas?” LLL V, 2, 604. “the world will p. a cockney,” Tw. IV, 1, 15. “in hope he'll p. a widower shortly,” H6C III, 3, 227. Ven. Dedic. H6C III, 3, 227 Sonn. 8, 14. 10, 12. 39, 9. 125, 4. Pilgr. 59. Tp. III, 2, 40. Tp. III, 2, 40 Gent. I, 1, 147. III, 2, 20. IV, 4, 110. Meas. II, 4, 169. III, 2, 32. Ado III, 3, 190. LLL III, 40. V, 2, 563. Mids. II, 1, 265. III, 2, 350. Merch. I, 2, 53. III, 4, 64. As III, 3, 89. R2 III, 2, 25 etc. etc.
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