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Pardon, subst. 1) forgiveness of any offence: “I p. crave of thee,” Pilgr. 141. “let me ask my sister p.” Meas. III, 1, 173. As III, 5, 6. Oth. V, 1, 93 etc. Not governed by a verb: “p., master!” Tp. I, 2, 296. Gent. I, 2, 17. Wiv. V, 5, 229. Mids. IV, 1, 146 etc. “p., I pray thee, for my mad mistaking,” Shr. IV, 5, 49. “p., my lord, for me and for my tidings,” All's II, 1, 63. your honour's p. == forgiveness granted by your honour: Meas. II, 2, 14. Mcb. I, 4, 6. our p. == forgiveness granted by us: All's V, 3, 22. H6C IV, 1, 87. H8 I, 2, 56 etc. But sometimes with the poss. pron. in the sense of forgiveness granted to a person: “has brought his p.” All's II, 1, 65. “I beg my p.” V, 3, 12. “beg thy p.” R2 V, 2, 113. “O, my p.!” Ant. III, 11, 61. “I will o'ertake thee and weep for my p.” IV, 14, 45; cf. Meas. IV, 2, 104. to give p. or “one's p.:” Meas. V, 390. H4B V, 3, 113. R3 II, 1, 103. Troil. I, 3, 357. Hml. V, 2, 237. Cymb. I, 6, 162. to have p. == to be pardoned: “as you look to have my p.” Tp. V, 293. Plur. “--s:” Wint. V, 3, 147. H4B V, 5, 119. H6B IV, 8, 23. Cor. III, 1, 65. III, 2, 88 (they have --s == they know to pardon).
Used as a form of courteous denial or contradiction: “no, p.” Meas. III, 2, 142. “I crave your p.” Err. I, 2, 26. “p., sir!” LLL V, 1, 137. “your p., sir!” Wint. IV, 4, 594. “by your p.” Caes. III, 1, 235. Ant. I, 5, 72. Cymb. I, 4, 46. “under your p.” Caes. IV, 3, 213. “under p.” Lr. I, 4, 365.
Sometimes almost == leave, permission: “p., guest-justice,” Wiv. II, 3, 59. “by your grace's p.” Ado II, 1, 354. “under p., sir, what are the contents?” LLL IV, 2, 103. “and bow them to your gracious leave and p.” Hml. I, 2, 56. “asking your p. thereunto,” IV, 7, 46. “whereon I begged his p. for return,” Ant. III, 6, 60.
2) forgiveness of a crime and remission of a penalty; mercy, grace: “p. is still the nurse of second woe,” Meas. II, 1, 298. “ignomy in ransom and free p. are of two houses,” II, 4, 111. “sign me a present p. for my brother,” II, 4, 111 “you hope of p. from Lord Angelo,” III, 1, 1. IV, 2, 74. IV, 2, 74 IV, 2, 74 IV, 3, 112. H6B IV, 8, 9. H6B IV, 8, 9 H6B IV, 8, 9 R3 V, 5, 16. H8 IV, 2, 121. == absolution: “purchase corrupted p. of a man, who in that sale sells p. from himself,” John III, 1, 166.
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