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Rot, vb. (impf. not used; partic. “--ed:” Lucr. 823. Mids. II, 1, 95. Tit. IV, 4, 93. ordinarily rotten) 1) tr. to make putrid, to bring to corruption: I would my tongue could r. them (your hands) “off,” Tim. IV, 3, 370. Refl. == to become putrid: “the fat weed that --s itself in ease on Lethe wharf,” Hml. I, 5, 33 (Qq roots). “like to a vagabond flag upon a stream, goes to and back to r. itself with motion,” Ant. I, 4, 47. == to confound, to destroy in general: the other (a sheep) --ed with delicious food (honey-stalks) Tit. IV, 4, 93. “vengeance r. you all,” Tit. V, 1, 58. “the south-fog r. him,” Cymb. II, 3, 136.
Partic. --en == a) putrid, corrupted, decayed: “--en death,” Lucr. 1767. “when I in earth am --en,” Sonn. 81, 2. “a --en carcass of a butt,” Tp. I, 2, 146. “--en lungs,” II, 1, 47. “a jealous --en bell-wether,” Wiv. III, 5, 111. Meas. IV, 3, 184. Ado IV, 1, 33. LLL V, 2, 666. Merch. I, 3, 102. As III, 2, 126. Shr. I, 1, 139. All's IV, 3, 189. Wint. II, 3, 89. III, 3, 82. John II, 456. H5 III, 7, 155. H6C I, 3, 28. R3 IV, 4, 2. Troil. V, 1, 21. Rom. V, 3, 47. Cor. V, 6, 96 (--en silk). Hml. V, 1, 180. Lr. V, 3, 285. Ant. III, 7, 63. Per. IV, 2, 9. Used of unwholesome vapours: “--en damps,” Lucr. 778. “their --en smoke,” Sonn. 34, 4. “--en dews,” Cor. II, 3, 35. “reek o' the --en fens,” III, 3, 121. “--en humidity,” Tim. IV, 3, 2. b) unsound, corrupt, perverse: “--en parchment bonds,” R2 II, 1, 64. “base and --en policy,” H4A I, 3, 108. “a --en case abides no handling,” H4B IV, 1, 161. “the unguided days and --en times that you shall look upon,” IV, 4, 60. “to raze out --en opinion who hath writ me down after my seeming,” V, 2, 128. “their --en privilege and custom,” Cor. I, 10, 23. “hence, --en thing,” III, 1, 179. “something is --en in the state of Denmark,” Hml. I, 4, 90.
2) intr. to be decomposed and corrupted, to putrify: “to lie in cold obstruction and to r.” Meas. III, 1, 119. “the green corn hath --ed ere his youth attained a beard,” Mids. II, 1, 95. “festered members r. but by degrees,” H6A III, 1, 192. Troil. II, 3, 130. Hml. V, 1, 179. Lr. V, 2, 8. Cymb. IV, 2, 246. Used in cursing: “go r.” Wint. I, 2, 324. “may my hands r. off,” R2 IV, 49. “thy lips r. off,” Tim. IV, 3, 63. “let her r. and perish,” Oth. IV, 1, 191. “may his pernicious soul r. half a grain a day,” V, 2, 156. “their tongues r.” Ant. III, 7, 16.
Applied to plants, == to fade, to wither: “flowers r. and consume themselves in little time,” Ven. 132. “the branches of another root are --ed,” Lucr. 823. “shall thy love-springs r.?” Err. III, 2, 3. “thou prunest a --en tree,” As II, 3, 63. “from hour to hour we ripe and ripe, and then, from hour to hour, we r. and r.” II, 7, 27.
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