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Rough, 1) rugged, not smooth: “r. uneven ways,” R2 II, 3, 4. “r. cradle,” R3 IV, 1, 101. “r. quarries,” Oth. I, 3, 141. == thorny: “brakes obscure and r.” Ven. 237. “r. thistles,” H5 V, 2, 52. “the r. brake that virtue must go through,” H8 I, 2, 75. == hairy, shaggy: “till new-born chins be r.” Tp. II, 1, 250. “thou wantest a r. pash,” Wint. I, 2, 128. “you are r. and hairy,” IV, 4, 744. “his beard made r. and rugged,” H6B III, 2, 175. Figuratively: “beauty's princely majesty is such, confounds the tongue and makes the senses r.” H6A V, 3, 71 (disturbs them like a troubled water, ruffles them).
2) harsh and grating to the senses: “r. winter,” Lucr. 1255. “r. winds do shake the buds of May,” Sonn. 18, 3. “make r. winter,” Gent. II, 4, 163. “r. weather,” As II, 5, 8. “a lullaby too r.” Wint. III, 3, 55. “we shall be winnowed with so r. a wind,” H4B IV, 1, 194. H6C V, 4, 22. “that r. touch,” Rom. I, 5, 98. “time and the hour runs through the --est day,” Mcb. I, 3, 147. “'twas a r. night,” II, 3, 66. “the tyranny of the open night's too r. for nature to endure,” Lr. III, 4, 2. “the r. seams of the waters,” Per. II, 1, 155. == grating to the taste, sour, bitter: “thy palate then did deign the --est berry,” Ant. I, 4, 64. to the ear: “the r. and woeful music that we have, cause it to sound,” Per. III, 2, 88 (?).
3) harsh, not soft and gentle, but rugged of temper and manners: “this r. magic I here abjure,” Tp. V, 50. “ill-favoured r. things,” Wiv. I, 1, 311. “she's too r. for me,” Shr. I, 1, 55. I, 2, 73. “I am r. and woo not like a babe,” II, 138. II, 138 “in these parts, which to a stranger often prove r. and unhospitable,” Tw. III, 3, 11. “the grappling vigour and r. frown of war,” John III, 1, 104. “what need you be so boisterous r.” IV, 1, 76. “r. chastisement,” R2 I, 1, 106. “so r. a course to come by her own,” H4B II, 1, 89. “in robustious and r. coming on,” H5 III, 7, 159. “our tongue is r.” V, 2, 313. “Suffolk's imperial tongue is stern and r.” H6B IV, 1, 121. “be not too r. in terms,” IV, 9, 44. “you have been too r.” Cor. III, 2, 25. “his nature, never known before but to be r., unswayable and free,” V, 6, 26. “do not take his --er accents for malicious sounds,” III, 3, 55. “my so r. usage,” Cymb. IV, 1, 22. Adverbially: so I did (reprehend him). “Ay, but not r. enough,” Err. V, 58.
4) not mild and peaceful, but stern and requiring energy and severity: “had a --er task in hand,” Ado I, 1, 301. “give even way unto my r. affairs,” H4B II, 3, 2. “enforced by the r. torrent of occasion,” IV, 1, 72.
5) hard, unfeeling, cruel: “the r. beast that knows no gentle right,” Lucr. 545. “a fiend, a fury, pitiless and r.” Err. IV, 2, 35. “brassy bosoms and r. hearts of flint,” Merch. IV, 1, 31. “the fleshed soldier, r. and hard of heart,” H5 III, 3, 11. “r. deeds of rage,” H6A IV, 7, 8. “stern, obdurate, flinty, r., remorseless,” H6C I, 4, 142. Ven. 884. Mids. V, 225. As I, 2, 253. All's V, 3, 107. Tw. III, 4, 124. R2 III, 2, 54. H6C I, 4, 27. II, 1, 63. Rom. I, 1, 176. I, 4, 25. I, 4, 25 Tim. IV, 3, 446. Lr. I, 2, 142. Per. II, 1, 137. II, 3, 84. III, 2, 79.
6) unpolished, rude, gross, coarse: “their r. carriage so ridiculous,” LLL V, 2, 306. “if it be not too r. for some,” Wint. IV, 4, 337. “those r. rug-headed kerns,” R2 II, 1, 156. with r. and all unable pen, H5 Epil. R2 II, 1, 156 “I have, in this r. work, shaped out a man,” Tim. I, 1, 44.
7) wild, boisterous: “he hath rid his prologue like a r. colt,” Mids. V, 119. “as r., their royal blood enchafed, as the rudest wind,” Cymb. IV, 2, 173.
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