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Read, vb. (impf. and partic. read) 1) to utter or pronounce written words after seeing them in writing: Mids. I, 2, 9. All's IV, 3, 131. Tw. V, 297. Tw. V, 297 Wint. III, 2, 132. H4A V, 1, 73 etc. With a dative: “r. me this letter,” LLL IV, 2, 92. “shall I r. it to you,” All's IV, 3, 234. H4A I, 3, 190. Tim. II, 2, 81. Ant. III, 4, 4 etc. With over: “r. it over,” LLL IV, 3, 195. “that it may be r. over in Paul's,” R3 III, 6, 3. to r. out == to r. aloud: Lr. V, 3, 109 (cf. Out).
2) to peruse; absol.: Lucr. 616. Gent. III, 1, 291. Gent. III, 1, 291 Wiv. II, 1, 54. Ado III, 3, 12. Ado III, 3, 12 LLL I, 2, 88. Tw. III, 4, 161. V, 305. V, 305 John IV, 1, 33. H6B IV, 2, 93. Tim. II, 2, 84. Hml. III, 1, 44 (r. on this book, cf. On) etc. Transitively: Lucr. 618. Gent. I, 3, 51. III, 1, 289. Meas. II, 4, 8. LLL II, 109. Mids. I, 1, 132. Shr. III, 1, 72. Tw. I, 5, 246. II, 5, 174. III, 4, 157. Wint. III, 2, 131. Tim. V, 1, 158 “(write in thee the figures of their love, ever to r. them thine).” Mcb. I, 3, 152 etc. A clause following: H6A III, 2, 94. H6B I, 1, 128 etc. With “over:” Gent. II, 1, 136. Ado II, 3, 142. R2 IV, 242. H4B III, 1, 36. H6B IV, 4, 14. H8 III, 2, 201. Troil. IV, 5, 239.
Metaphorically, == to gather the meaning of, to perceive, to discover, to guess, to understand, to learn: “how Tarquin must be used, r. it in me,” Lucr. 1195. “mine own self-love quite contrary I r.” Sonn. 62, 11. “I r. your fortune in your eye,” Gent. II, 4, 143. “r. over Julia's heart,” Gent. V, 4, 46. “if I r. it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me,” Meas. IV, 2, 164. “let not my sister r. it in your eye,” Err. III, 2, 9. Err. III, 2, 9 “in the modesty of fearful duty I r. as much,” Mids. V, 102. “to r. him by his form,” Tw. III, 4, 291. “I can r. waiting gentlewoman in the scape,” Wint. III, 3, 73. “he'll stand and r. as 'twere my daughter's eyes,” IV, 4, 173. “do you not r. some tokens of my son in the large composition of this man?” John I, 87. “therein should we r. the very bottom and the soul of hope,” H4A IV, 1, 49. “that you shall r. in your own losses,” H5 II, 4, 138. “r. the cardinal's malice and his potency together,” H8 I, 1, 104. “I r. in his looks matter against me,” H8 I, 1, 104 “like a book of sport thou'lt r. me over,” Troil. IV, 5, 239. “r. o'er the volume of young Paris' face,” Rom. I, 3, 81. “r. not my blemishes in the world's report,” Ant. II, 3, 5. “by her election may be truly r. what kind of man he is,” Cymb. I, 1, 53. “a precedent which not to r. would show the Britons cold,” III, 1, 76. “this story the world may r. in me,” III, 3, 56. “who is't can r. a woman?” V, 5, 48.
3) to gather instruction by means of books, to study: “never r. so far to know the cause why music was ordained,” Shr. III, 1, 9. “profit you in what you r.?” IV, 2, 6. cf. H6B II, 2, 40. Caes. I, 2, 201. Hence == to learn: “those about her from her shall r. the perfect ways of honour,” H8 V, 5, 38 (Mcb. I, 3, 90?). --ing == learning: “trust not my --ing nor my observations, which with experimental seal doth warrant the tenour of my book,” Ado IV, 1, 167. “to reason against --ing,” LLL I, 1, 94. “such as his --ing and manifest experience had collected,” All's I, 3, 228. “that you should fashion, wrest or bow your --ing,” H5 I, 2, 14. read == learned: “how well he's r., to reason against --ing,” LLL I, 1, 94. “well r. in poetry and other books,” Shr. I, 2, 170. “exceedingly well r.” H4A III, 1, 166. “thou art deeper r. and better skilled,” Tit. IV, 1, 33.
4) to give lessons about, to teach: “what will you r. to her?” Shr. I, 2, 154. Shr. I, 2, 154 “give me leave to r. philosophy,” III, 1, 13. “what, master, r. you?” IV, 2, 7. “I r. that I profess, the art to love,” IV, 2, 7 “calls me pupil or hath r. to me,” H4A III, 1, 46. “to r. lectures:” Shr. I, 2, 148. R2 IV, 232. Cor. II, 3, 243 (cf. Lecture).
5) to guess, to divine (German: rathen)? “this proves that thou canst not r.” Gent. III, 1, 298 (punning).
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