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Shadow, subst. 1) the figure of a body projected on the ground by the interception of the light: “each s. makes him stop,” Ven. 706. “at his own s. let the thief run mad,” Lucr. 997. “love like a s. flies when substance love pursues,” Wiv. II, 2, 215. “he will fence with his own s.” Merch. I, 2, 66. V, 8. Tw. II, 5, 21. R3 I, 1, 26. I, 2, 264. Cor. I, 1, 264. Tim. II, 2, 52. Caes. V, 1, 87. Lr. III, 4, 58. Oth. II, 3, 282. “I am your s., I follow you,” H4B II, 2, 174. “we'll yoke together, like a double s., to Henry's body,” H6C IV, 6, 49 (cf. below).
2) shade; the fainter light and coolness caused by the interception of the sun-beams: “where they lay the s. had forsook them,” Ven. 176. “I'll make a s. for thee of my hairs,” Ven. 176 “that cool s. to his melting buttock lent,” Ven. 176 “I'll go find a s.” As IV, 1, 222. Tp. IV, 67. R2 III, 4, 25. Tit. II, 3, 15. II, 4, 19. IV, 4, 85. Lr. V, 2, 1. Metaphorically (== shelter): “what mischiefs might be set abroach in s. of such greatness,” H4B IV, 2, 15. “slept within the s. of your power,” Tim. V, 4, 6. “he will come in our s.” Per. IV, 2, 121. Symbol of swiftness: “swift as a s., short as any dream,” Mids. I, 1, 144, which passage is illustrated by the following: “ten times faster than the sun's beams, driving back --s over louring hills,” Rom. II, 5, 6. cf. Wiv. II, 2, 215.
3) darkness: “whose s. --s doth make bright,” Sonn. 43, 5. “that the time may have all s. and silence in it,” Meas. III, 1, 257.
4) the reflected image in a looking-glass or in water: “died to kiss his s. in the brook,” Ven. 162. Ven. 162 “the s. of myself formed in her eye,” John II, 498. John II, 498 “the s. of your face,” R2 IV, 293. “no such mirrors . . . that you might see your s.” Caes. I, 2, 58.
5) any image or portrait: on this sad s. (Hecuba's image) “Lucrece spends her eyes,” Lucr. 1457. “what is your substance, whereof are you made, that millions of strange --s on you tend? since every one hath, every one, one shade, and you, but one, can every s. lend. Describe Adonis, and the counterfeit is poorly imitated after you; . . . speak of the spring and foison of the year; the one doth s. of your beauty show, the other as your bounty doth appear,” Sonn. 53, 2. Sonn. 53, 2 Sonn. 53, 2 “you away, as with your s., I with these did play,” 98, 14. to your s. (Sylvia's picture) “will I make true love,” Gent. IV, 2, 126. “would better fit his chamber than this s.” IV, 4, 125. IV, 4, 125 how far the substance of my praise doth wrong this s. (Portia's portrait) “in underprizing it, so far this s. doth limp behind the substance,” Merch. III, 2, 127. “so many of his --s thou hast met and not the very king,” H4A V, 4, 30. “long time thy s. hath been thrall to me, for in my gallery thy picture hangs,” H6A II, 3, 36. Hence == one representing the person of another: “that are the substance of that great s. I did represent,” H6B I, 1, 14. “we'll yoke together, like a double s., to Henry's body and supply his place,” H6C IV, 6, 49.
6) an image produced by the imagination: “such --s are the weak brain's forgeries,” Lucr. 460. “let ghastly --s his lewd eyes affright,” Lucr. 460 “my soul's imaginary sight presents thy s. to my sightless view,” Sonn. 27, 10. “whilst that this s. doth such substance give that I in thy abundance am sufficed,” 37, 10. “whose s. --s doth make bright,” 43, 5. “dost thou desire my slumbers should be broken, while --s like to thee do mock my sight,” 61, 4. “and feed upon the s. of perfection,” Gent. III, 1, 177. “this is the silliest stuff that ever I heard. The best in this kind are but --s, and the worst are no worse, if imagination amend them,” Mids. V, 213. “--s to-night have struck terror to the soul of Richard,” R3 V, 3, 216. “he takes false --s for true substances,” Tit. III, 2, 80. “when but love's --s are so rich in joy,” Rom. V, 1, 11. “come like --s, so depart,” Mcb. IV, 1, 111. “nature's piece 'gainst fancy, condemning --s quite,” Ant. V, 2, 100. “like motes and --s see them move awhile,” Per. IV, 4, 21.
7) any thing unsubstantial or unreal, though having the deceptious appearance of reality: “love thrives not in the heart that --s dreadeth,” Lucr. 270. why should poor beauty indirectly seek roses of s. (i. e. painting) “since his rose is true?” Sonn. 67, 8. “to worship --s and adore false shapes,” Gent. IV, 2, 131. “some there be that --s kiss; such have but a --'s bliss,” Merch. II, 9, 66. “'tis but the s. of a wife you see, the name and not the thing,” All's V, 3, 308. “each substance of a grief hath twenty --s,” R2 II, 2, 14. “nought but --s of what it is not,” R2 II, 2, 14 “the s. of your sorrow,” IV, 292. IV, 292 IV, 292 “your son had only but the corpse, but --s and the shows of men, to fight,” H4B I, 1, 193. “thy mother's son, like enough, and thy father's s.” H4B III, 2, 140. 141 (not really thy father's son. Mark the quibble between son and sun). “that you have aught but Talbot's s.” H6A II, 3, 46. “I am but s. of myself,” H6A II, 3, 46 H6A II, 3, 46 V, 4, 133. “raught at mountains with outstretched arms, but parted but the s. with his hand,” H6C I, 4, 69. “and be true king indeed, thou but the s.” IV, 3, 50. “poor s., painted queen,” R3 IV, 4, 83. “be not afraid of --s,” V, 3, 215. “I am the s. of poor Buckingham,” H8 I, 1, 224. “hence, horrible s., unreal mockery,” Mcb. III, 4, 106. “life's but a walking s.” V, 5, 24. the very substance of the ambitious is merely “the s. of a dream,” Hml. II, 2, 265. Hml. II, 2, 265 Hml. II, 2, 265 “our monarchs and outstretched heroes the beggars' --s,” Hml. II, 2, 265 “Lear's s.” Lr. I, 4, 251. “haply you shall not see me more, or if, a mangled s.” Ant. IV, 2, 27.
Applied to persons by way of expressing that they have a life scarcely worth the name: “'wander', a word for --s like myself, as take the pain, but cannot pluck the pelf,” Pilgr. 191. “since the substance of your perfect self is else devoted, I am but a s.” Gent. IV, 2, 125. “come, s., come and take this s. up,” IV, 4, 202. “such as you, that creep like --s by him and do sigh at each his needless heavings,” Wint. II, 3, 34. “thou the s. of succession,” H4A III, 2, 99. “which being but the s. of your son, becomes a sun and makes your son a s.” John II, 499. John II, 499
8) a departed spirit: “then came wandering by a s. like an angel,” R3 I, 4, 53. “that so the --s be not unappeased,” Tit. I, 100. Tit. I, 100 “poor --s of Elysium,” Cymb. V, 4, 97. cf. Pilgr. 191 (quibble). == corpse? Ant. IV, 2, 27 (cf. Ghost).
9) any spirit: gentle s. (Death) Ven. 1001. believe me, king of --s (the fairies) Mids. III, 2, 347. “if we --s have offended,” V, 430 (cf. Mcb. IV, 1, 111. Per. IV, 4, 21).
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