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Shake, vb. (impf. and partic. usually shook; impf. “shaked:” Tp. II, 1, 319. H4A III, 1, 17. part. “shaked:” H5 II, 1, 124. Troil. I, 3, 101. Cymb. I, 5, 76. cf. “love-shaked, unshaked, wind-shaked. shaken:” Sonn. 116, 6. 120, 5. H4A I, 1, 1. H6C IV, 6, 2. Tit. IV, 3, 17). I. trans. 1) to put into a vibrating motion, to cause to tremble or totter or shiver; abs.: “Macbeth is ripe for --ing,” Mcb. IV, 3, 238 (like fruit). Trans.: “--ing her wings,” Ven. 57. “--s thee on my breast,” Ven. 57 “--ing their scratched ears,” Ven. 57 “when the wind earth's foundation --s,” Ven. 57 “winds s. the buds of May,” Sonn. 18, 3. “I --d you,” Tp. II, 1, 319. Gent. II, 5, 37. Shr. V, 2, 140. Tw. I, 5, 82. Wint. I, 2, 428. John III, 3, 7. H4A III, 1, 32. H5 II, 1, 124. III, 7, 52. IV, 2, 42. H6B III, 1, 366. H6C I, 1, 20. H6C I, 1, 20 R3 I, 3, 259. H8 IV, 1, 78. Mcb. III, 4, 50. Hml. II, 1, 92. Oth. II, 1, 6. V, 2, 44. to s. the beard of a p. (an act of contemptuous defiance): Hml. IV, 7, 32. Lr. III, 7, 77. to s. a chain (to make it jingle): Wiv. IV, 4, 33. Err. IV, 3, 77. H6B V, 1, 145. to s. one's ears (a sign of impotent displeasure): Tw. II, 3, 134. Caes. IV, 1, 26. to s. hands (cf. Hand): Sonn. 28, 6. As V, 4, 107. Wint. I, 1, 32. H6C I, 4, 102 (s. hands with death == die). Mcb. I, 2, 21.* Hml. I, 5, 128. Ant. IV, 12, 20. “let me s. thy hand,” Ant. II, 6, 75. “--s his parting guest by the hand,” Troil. III, 3, 166. “--ing the bloody fingers of thy foes,” Caes. III, 1, 198. first, Marcus Brutus, will I s. with you, 185 (viz hands). to s. the head (in sorrow, or disapprobation, or denial; cf. Head): Ven. 223. Ado II, 1, 377. Merch. III, 3, 15. John III, 1, 19. IV, 2, 188. IV, 2, 188 H6B I, 1, 227. R3 II, 2, 5. Tim. II, 2, 146. Tim. II, 2, 146 IV, 2, 25. Lr. IV, 6, 122. == to nod: H6B IV, 1, 55.
Followed by adverbs or prepositional expressions, to denote an effect: “three winters have from the forests shook three summers' pride,” Sonn. 104, 4. “I will s. thee from me like a serpent,” Mids. III, 2, 261. I could s. them (burs) “off my coat,” As I, 3, 16. “dare not s. the snow from off their cassocks, lest they s. themselves to pieces,” All's IV, 3, 191. “--s the rotten carcase of old death out of his rags,” John II, 456. which (dust) “with such gentle sorrow he shook off,” R2 V, 2, 31. “hardly to be shook off,” H5 V, 2, 191. “I'll s. thy bulwarks to the ground,” H6A III, 2, 17. “tempest shook down trees,” H6C V, 6, 46. “s. in and out the rivet,” Troil. I, 3, 175. “that thou mayst s. the superflux to them,” Lr. III, 4, 35. H6C IV, 6, 2. Troil. III, 3, 225. Cor. III, 1, 179. IV, 6, 98. IV, 6, 98 Rom. V, 3, 111. Lr. I, 1, 40. IV, 3, 31. Ant. V, 1, 16. Cymb. I, 3, 37. III, 3, 63. With up, == to treat with rude violence: “thou shalt hear how he will s. me up,” As I, 1, 30. With out, == to blab: “many a man's tongue --s out his master's undoing,” All's II, 4, 24 (suspected passage).
Oftenest with off, metaphorically, == a) to lay aside, to discontinue: “shook off my sober guards and civil fears,” Compl. 298. “before I have shook off the regal thoughts,” R2 IV, 163. Used of sleep: Tp. I, 2, 307. II, 1, 304. Mcb. II, 3, 81. Per. III, 2, 23. b) to rid one's self of, to get free from (cf. to s. from one's self in Rom. V, 3, 111 and Lr. I, 1, 40): “s. off fifty years,” LLL IV, 3, 243; Cor. IV, 1, 55. as you s. off one (misery) “to take another,” Wint. IV, 4, 580. thou shalt not s. them (our curses) “off,” John III, 1, 296. “if we shall s. off our slavish yoke,” R2 II, 1, 291. “s. off their sterile curse,” Caes. I, 2, 9. I, 3, 100. Lr. IV, 6, 36. Cymb. III, 1, 52. c) to abandon, to discard, to cast off: “--ing off so good a wife,” All's IV, 3, 8. “discarded and shook off by him,” H4A I, 3, 178. “to s. off my friend when he must need me,” Tim. I, 1, 100. “though he do s. me off to beggarly divorcement,” Oth. IV, 2, 157. d) to deny, to refuse: “that I s. off these names,” Tw. V, 76. “these offers he --s off,” Ant. III, 7, 34.
2) to brandish: “he --s aloft his Roman blade,” Lucr. 505. “whilst I can s. my sword,” All's II, 5, 96. “s. he his weapon at us and pass by,” H6B IV, 8, 18. “Clifford shook his sword at him,” R3 I, 2, 159. “--s his threatening sword against the walls of Athens,” Tim. V, 1, 169. “hath . . . his conquering banner shook from Syria to Lydia,” Ant. I, 2, 106.
3) to unsettle in any manner, as to cause to waver, to trouble, to frighten, to provoke: “looks on tempests and is never --n,” Sonn. 116, 6. “if you were by my unkindness --n,” 120, 5. “this will s. your --ing,” Tp. II, 2, 87. “faults may s. our frames,” Meas. II, 4, 133. “with a passion would I s. the world,” John III, 4, 39. “so --n as we are,” H4A I, 1, 1. “s. the peace and safety of our throne,” III, 2, 117. “unfasten so and s. a friend,” H4B IV, 1, 209. “this respite shook the bosom of my conscience,” H8 II, 4, 181. “when degree is --d,” Troil. I, 3, 101. “which shall s. him more than if not looked on,” III, 3, 53. “let every rumour s. your hearts,” Cor. III, 3, 125. “--n with sorrows in ungrateful Rome,” Tit. IV, 3, 17. Caes. I, 2, 326. Mcb. I, 3, 140. I, 5, 47. II, 3, 135. III, 2, 19. Hml. I, 4, 55. Lr. I, 2, 91. I, 4, 319. Oth. II, 3, 133. IV, 1, 42. IV, 1, 42 Ant. I, 3, 28 (cf. Tim. IV, 3, 136). III, 13, 81. V, 2, 85. Cymb. I, 5, 76.
II. intr. to tremble violently: “doth make him s. and shudder,” Ven. 880. “my frail joints s.” Lucr. 227. Lucr. 227 Lucr. 227 “those boughs which s. against the cold,” Sonn. 73, 3. Tp. I, 2, 206. II, 2, 87. V, 47. Shr. II, 142. III, 2, 169. Wint. IV, 4, 641. John II, 228. V, 2, 143. H4A III, 1, 17. H4A III, 1, 17 H4A III, 1, 17 H4A III, 1, 17 H4A III, 1, 17 H4B II, 4, 114. H5 I, 2, 154. H5 I, 2, 154 II Chor. H5 I, 2, 154 II, 4, 132. H8 V, 5, 32. Troil. I, 3, 97. V, 2, 50. Cor. I, 4, 60. V, 3, 100. Tit. I, 188. Caes. I, 2, 121. I, 3, 4. Mcb. II, 3, 66. V, 3, 10. Oth. III, 3, 207. V, 1, 118. V, 1, 118 Ant. III, 13, 139. Per. III, 2, 15. “caitiff, to pieces s.” Lr. III, 2, 55. their vessel --s on Neptune's billow, Per. III Prol. 44. Used as an interjection: “s., quoth the dove-house,” Rom. I, 3, 33.
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