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Sink, vb. (impf. not used; partic. sunk, and, when joined to a noun, “sunken:” Sonn. 2, 7. As III, 2, 393. H5 I, 2, 165) 1) intr. a) to go down, to go to the bottom (in water or sands): “who fears --ing where such treasure lies?” Lucr. 280. “have you a mind to s.?” Tp. I, 1, 42. Tp. I, 1, 42 I, 2, 32. Wiv. III, 5, 13. Err. III, 2, 52. John V, 5, 13. H4A I, 3, 194. H5 I, 2, 165. H6C V, 4, 30. R3 IV, 4, 464. Caes. I, 2, 111. Ant. II, 7, 66. III, 10, 26. III, 13, 64.
b) to go down, to descend; opposed to rise: “love is a spirit all compact of fire, not gross to s., but light, and will aspire,” Ven. 150. “see the brave day sunk in hideous night,” Sonn. 12, 2. “my life --s down to death,” 45, 8. “till he s. into his grave,” Ado II, 1, 83. “s. in apple of his eye,” Mids. III, 2, 104. “the splitting rocks cowered in the --ing sands,” H6B III, 2, 97. “will the aspiring blood of Lancaster s. in the ground?” H6C V, 6, 62. “s., my knee, i' the earth,” Cor. V, 3, 50. “to s. in it,” Rom. I, 4, 23. “as in thy red rays thou dost s. to night,” Caes. V, 3, 61 (some M. Edd. s. to-night). “why --s that cauldron?” Mcb. IV, 1, 106. sunken eyes == hollow eyes: Sonn. 2, 7. As III, 2, 393.
c) to fall slowly to the ground: Ven. 593. Ado IV, 1, 111 “(down).” R2 V, 5, 113 “(downward).” Cymb. III, 6, 17 (at point to s. for food; cf. “For). here many s.” Per. I, 4, 48 (die of hunger). Hence == to decay: “ne'er speak or think that Timon's fortunes 'mong his friends can s.” Tim. II, 2, 240. Ant. III, 10, 26.
d) to be pressed down, not to bear up against a weight: (camels) --ing under them (burdens) Cor. II, 1, 269. “under love's heavy burden do I s.” Rom. I, 4, 22. Caes. IV, 2, 24. Mcb. IV, 3, 39.
e) to fall, to perish: “for every false drop in her bawdy veins a Grecian's life hath sunk,” Troil. IV, 1, 70. “the best of you shall s. in my rebuke,” Oth. II, 3, 209. “now, Troy, s. down,” Troil. V, 8, 11. “s. Athens!” Tim. III, 6, 114. “s. Rome!” Ant. III, 7, 16. “your house would s. and overwhelm you,” Per. IV, 6, 128.
2) trans. a) to make to go down, to submerge: “I would have sunk the sea within the earth,” Tp. I, 2, 11. “where they mean to s. ye,” H8 II, 1, 131. “a load would s. a navy,” III, 2, 383.
b) to make to fall: “why doth it not then our eyelids s.?” Tp. II, 1, 201. “my heavy conscience --s my knee,” Cymb. V, 5, 413.
c) to make to perish, to ruin: “lay a more noble thought upon mine honour than for to think that I would s. it here,” All's V, 3, 181. “if I have a conscience, let it s. me, even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful,” H8 II, 1, 60.
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