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Spare, vb. 1) to be parsimonious; a) intr.: “it shall be --ing and too full of riot,” Ven. 1147. “a niggardly host and more --ing guest,” Err. III, 1, 27. “in him --ing would show a worse sin than ill doctrine,” H8 I, 3, 60. “in that --ing makes huge waste,” Rom. I, 1, 224. With for: “we will s. for no wit,” Ado III, 5, 66 (Dogberry's speech). “s. for no faggots,” H6A V, 4, 56. “s. not for cost,” Rom. IV, 4, 6.
b) trans. == to use frugally, not to waste, to husband: “the rather will I s. my praises towards him,” All's II, 1, 106. “s. your threats,” Wint. III, 2, 92. “you may, then, s. that time,” H8 II, 4, 5. “you'ld s. your spoons,” V, 3, 167. “s. your oaths,” Tim. IV, 3, 138. “s. speech,” Lr. IV, 2, 21. Oth. II, 3, 199. which (oath) “you'll give me leave to s.” Cymb. II, 4, 65. “s. your arithmetic,” Cymb. II, 4, 65
2) to forbear; absol.: “I prithee, s.” Tp. II, 1, 25. “shall I bid him go, and s. not?” Tw. II, 3, 120. “tell him, and s. not,” R3 I, 3, 114. With an inf.: “s. not to spend,” Pilgr. 324. “s. not to tell him that he hath wronged his honour,” Ado II, 2, 22. “being moved, he will not s. to gird the gods,” Cor. I, 1, 260. With an accus.: “shun me, and I will s. your haunts,” Mids. II, 1, 142. “give me the spare men, and s. me the great ones,” H4B III, 2, 289.
3) to do without, to dispense with: “you shall well be --d,” Meas. II, 2, 14. “I prize it as I weigh grief, which I would s.” Wint. III, 2, 44. “with other princes that may best be --d,” John V, 7, 97. “I could have better --d a better man,” H4A V, 4, 104. “such aid as I can s. you shall command,” H6B IV, 5, 7. “your presence must . . . take from his heart . . . what should not then be --d,” Ant. III, 7, 13.
4) to hold in reserve for the use of another, to grant, to allow: “I shall hardly s. a pound of flesh tomorrow to my bloody creditor,” Merch. III, 3, 33. “when Clifford cannot spare his friends an oath,” H6C II, 6, 78. “my youth can better s. my blood than you,” Tit. III, 1, 166. “I am poor of thanks and scarce can s. them,” Cymb. II, 3, 95.
5) to forbear to afflict or destroy, to use tenderly, to treat with mercy: Lucr. 582. Lucr. 582 Meas. II, 2, 83. Err. IV, 1, 77. LLL II, 51. Shr. IV, 3, 153. All's I, 3, 47. II, 2, 47. II, 2, 47 II, 2, 47 IV, 1, 89. John IV, 1, 102. R2 II, 1, 124. H4B II, 1, 18. H6B IV, 1, 23. IV, 2, 195. IV, 8, 52. V, 2, 51. R3 I, 4, 72. III, 7, 194. H8 II, 4, 54. V, 4, 23. Cor. II, 3, 243. Tit. I, 120. III, 1, 184. Tim. I, 1, 177. IV, 3, 118. V, 4, 40. Lr. II, 2, 68. Lr. II, 2, 68 Cymb. II, 3, 100. V, 5, 92. V, 5, 92 V, 5, 92 Per. I, 2, 93. II, 1, 137.
Doubtful passage: “we would not s. heaven as we love it, but as we stand in fear,” Meas. II, 3, 33 (Malone: == not spare to offend heaven).
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