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Spend, (impf. and partic. spent) 1) to afford, to bestow, to lend, to employ (German: spenden): which (blood) “by him tainted shall for him be spent, and as his due writ in my testament,” Lucr. 1182. on this sad shadow Lucrece --s her eyes, 1457 (i. e. she looks on it). “why doest thou s. upon thyself thy beauty's legacy?” Sonn. 4, 1. “I have no precious time at all to s., nor services to do, till you require,” 57, 3. “and in the praise thereof --s all his might,” 80, 3. “all my best is dressing old words new, --ing again what is already spent,” 76, 12. --est thou (my Muse) “thy fury on some worthless song,” 100, 3. “in this change is my invention spent,” 105, 11. “why so large cost doest thou upon thy fading mansion s.” 146, 6. “the time 'twixt six and now must by us both be spent most preciously,” Tp. I, 2, 241. “suit ill spent and labour ill bestowed,” Ado III, 2, 103. “--ing your wit in the praise of mine,” LLL II, 19. “how will he s. his wit,” IV, 3, 147. “s. his prodigal wits in bootless rhymes,” V, 2, 64. “we number nothing that we s. for you,” V, 2, 64 “thou --est such high-day wit in praising him,” Merch. II, 9, 98. “that we with thee may s. our wonder too,” All's II, 1, 92. “this man may help me to his majesty's ear, if he would s. his power,” V, 1, 8. “s. a fawn upon 'em,” Cor. III, 2, 67. “and s. our flatteries, to drink those men . . .,” Tim. I, 2, 142. “this night I'll s. unto a fatal end,” Mcb. III, 5, 20. “I wore my life to s. upon his haters,” Ant. V, 1, 9. “his comforts thrive, his trials well are spent,” Cymb. V, 4, 104. “in your search s. your adventurous worth,” Per. II, 4, 51.
To s. one's mouth, used of dogs, == to bark: “then do they s. their mouths; Echo replies,” Ven. 695. “coward dogs most s. their mouths,” H5 II, 4, 70. “he will s. his mouth and promise, like Brabbler the hound,” Troil. V, 1, 98. cf. above: “--s her eyes,” Lucr. 1457.
Applied to words, == to utter, to speak: “where words are scarce, they're seldom spent in vain,” R2 II, 1, 7. “I will but s. a word here in the house,” Oth. I, 2, 48. cf. “we may as bootless s. our vain command upon the enraged soldiers,” H5 III, 3, 24. “and in his bosom s. my latter gasp,” H6A II, 5, 38. “as if I borrowed mine oaths of him and might not s. them at my pleasure,” Cymb. II, 1, 6.
Applied to notions of passion, == to indulge, to vent: “he did behave his anger ere 'twas spent,” Tim. III, 5, 22. “the fury spent,” Wint. III, 3, 26. “on sheep or oxen could I s. my fury,” H6B V, 1, 27. “men ne'er s. their fury on a child,” H6C V, 5, 57. “thy fury spent,” Tim. IV, 3, 127. “to s. his fury upon himself,” Ant. IV, 6, 10. cf. Sonn. 100, 3. “he may well in fretting s. his gall,” H6A I, 2, 16. “our cannon's malice vainly shall be spent,” John II, 251. “what I think I utter, and s. my malice in my breath,” Cor. II, 1, 58. “the life and feeling of her passion she hoards, to s. when he is by to hear her,” Lucr. 1318. “you s. your passion on a misprised mood,” Mids. III, 2, 74. “do I not s. revenge upon myself with present moan?” Sonn. 149, 7. “he's worth more sorrow, and that I'll s. for him,” Mcb. V, 8, 51. cf. “he robs himself that --s a bootless grief,” Oth. I, 3, 209.
2) to part with, to give away, to lose: “and gain by ill thrice more than I have spent,” Sonn. 119, 14. “this arm shall do it, or this life be spent,” R2 I, 1, 108. “words, life and all, old Lancaster hath spent,” R2 II, 1, 150. “nought's had, all's spent, where our desire is got without content,” Mcb. III, 2, 4. “s. your rich opinion for the name of a night-brawler,” Oth. II, 3, 195. “on either side I come to s. my breath,” Cymb. V, 3, 81 (== to lose my life).
3) to consume, to use up: “Mouldy, it is time you were spent,” H4B III, 2, 128. “stale and hoar ere it be spent,” Rom. II, 4, 140. Rom. II, 4, 140
4) to consume, to waste, to exhaust, to destroy, to finish: “s. the dowry of a lawful bed,” Lucr. 938. “what spite hath thy fair colour spent?” Lucr. 938 “pitiful thrivers, in their gazing spent,” Sonn. 125, 8. “if Cupid have not spent all his quiver in Venice,” Ado I, 1, 273. “you s. but time,” Merch. I, 1, 153. “--ing his manly marrow in her arms,” All's II, 3, 298. “my son and my servant s. all,” Shr. V, 1, 72. not to s. it (blood) “so unneighbourly,” John V, 2, 39. “he shall s. mine honour with his shame,” R2 V, 3, 68. “did my brother s. his youth, his valour, coin and people, in the wars?” H6B I, 1, 78. “s. her strength with overmatching waves,” H6C I, 4, 21. “though we have spent our harvest of this king,” R3 II, 2, 115. “after so many hours, lives, speeches spent,” Troil. II, 2, 1. Partic. spent == exhausted: “two spent swimmers,” Mcb. I, 2, 8. “almost spent with hunger,” Cymb. III, 6, 63. cf. H6A II, 5, 8. Ant. IV, 15, 85. == gone, passed: “foretell new storms to those already spent,” Lucr. 1589. “when tyrant's crests and tombs of brass are spent,” Sonn. 107, 14. “a beauty spent and done,” Compl. 11. “the time is spent,” Ven. 255. “the night is spent,” Ven. 255 R2 I, 3, 211. II, 1, 154. H6B III, 1, 325. R3 III, 2, 91.
5) to lay out, to expend; absol.: “spare not to s.” Pilgr. 324. “thou hast wherewith to s.” Pilgr. 324 H4A IV, 1, 54. With an object: Sonn. 9, 9. Gent. II, 4, 39. Gent. II, 4, 39 Wiv. II, 2, 166. Wiv. II, 2, 166 Err. II, 2, 99. Merch. III, 1, 96. Tw. I, 5, 302. R2 II, 1, 180. Tim. III, 4, 26 (cf. Of). Mcb. V, 8, 60. Hml. V, 2, 137. Ant. V, 2, 305 etc.
6) to pass (time): Ven. 847. Lucr. 1577. Sonn. 100, 6. Gent. I, 3, 5. Gent. I, 3, 5 Gent. I, 3, 5 II, 4, 63. II, 4, 63 IV, 2, 104. Err. I, 1, 133. LLL II, 68. IV, 3, 182. V, 2, 831. Mids. II, 2, 112. R2 I, 3, 219. H4A I, 1, 56. V, 2, 83. H6A II, 5, 116. H6C V, 7, 42. R3 I, 4, 5. Mcb. II, 1, 23 etc.
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