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Stain, vb. 1) tr. a) to dye, to tinge with a different colour: “beauty would s. that ore with silver white,” Lucr. 56.
b) to discolour, to spot, to maculate; absol.: “as the berry breaks before it --eth,” Ven. 460. With an object: Ven. 664. Ven. 664 Tp. II, 1, 64. Mids. V, 144. Mids. V, 144 As IV, 3, 98. Wint. V, 3, 82. John II, 45. John II, 45 R2 IV, 29. V, 5, 111. H4A I, 1, 64. III, 2, 136. V, 2, 94. V, 4, 13. H4B V, 5, 25. H6A V, 4, 44. H6B II, 2, 65. III, 1, 259. IV, 1, 11. H6C I, 4, 79. H6C I, 4, 79 II, 3, 21. Cor. V, 6, 113. Tit. I, 116. III, 1, 125. III, 1, 125 V, 2, 171. Rom. III, 3, 95. V, 3, 140. Lr. II, 4, 281. Ant. V, 1, 25.
c) to darken, to dim: “through their light joy seemed to appear, like bright things --ed, a kind of heavy fear,” Lucr. 1435. “clouds and eclipses s. both moon and sun,” Sonn. 35, 3. “to s. the track of his bright passage,” R2 III, 3, 66. “if that her breath will mist or s. the stone,” Lr. V, 3, 262. In a moral sense, == to eclipse: “I'll raise the preparation of a war shall s. your brother,” Ant. III, 4, 27.
d) to disfigure, to deface: which (beauty) the hot tyrant (lust) “--s and soon bereaves,” Ven. 797. “he's something --ed with grief,” Tp. I, 2, 414. “--ed the beauty of a fair queen's cheeks with tears,” R2 III, 1, 14. “that any harm should s. so fair a show,” III, 3, 71. “I'll corrupt her manners, s. her beauty,” R3 IV, 4, 206.
e) to soil, to taint, to disgrace; absol.: “lust and murder wake to s. and kill,” Lucr. 168. “would not put my reputation in any --ing act,” All's III, 7, 7. With an object: Lucr. 196. Lucr. 196 Lucr. 196 Lucr. 196 Lucr. 196 Lucr. 196 Lucr. 196 Meas. II, 4, 55. Err. II, 2, 138. Ado III, 1, 85. Merch. I, 3, 140. John IV, 2, 6. H4A I, 1, 85. H6A IV, 5, 26. Troil. V, 2, 179. Tit. V, 3, 38. Rom. III, 1, 116. Tim. I, 1, 16. Caes. II, 1, 132. Hml. IV, 4, 57.
f) to pervert, to corrupt: that it (my nature) “could so preposterously be --ed, to leave for nothing all thy sum of good,” Sonn. 109, 11. “we must not so s. our judgment, to prostitute our malady to empirics,” All's II, 1, 123.
2) intr. to grow dim, to be obscured, to be soiled: “suns of the world may s. when heaven's sun --eth,” Sonn. 33, 14. “if virtue's gloss will s. with any soil,” LLL II, 48.
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