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To, adv. (often spelt too in O. Edd.) 1) forward, on: “to, Achilles! to, Ajax, to!” Troil. II, 1, 119. “very well, go to! I cannot go to, man,” Oth. IV, 2, 195. go to, imperatively, very frequently used as an expression of exhortation or of reproof (cf. Go, and add to the instances quoted there Tp. IV, 253 and Oth. IV, 2, 194). to and fro == forward and backward, up and down: H6A II, 1, 69. H6B IV, 8, 57. “debating to and fro,” H6B I, 1, 91. “the to and fro conflicting wind and rain,” Lr. III, 1, 11. to and back, in the same sense: “goes to and back, lackeying the varying tide,” Ant. I, 4, 46.
2) Denoting motion towards a thing for the purpose of laying hold of it; particularly applied to food: to fall to == to help one's self, to eat freely: As II, 7, 171. R2 V, 5, 98. H5 V, 1, 38. Tit. III, 2, 34. to stand to, in the same sense: “I will stand to and feed,” Tp. III, 3, 49. Tp. III, 3, 49 Similarly: “lay to your fingers,” Tp. IV, 251. “any flax-wench that puts to before her troth-plight,” Wint. I, 2, 277.
3) Denoting direction: “my wind cooling my broth would blow me to an ague,” Merch. I, 1, 23 (== would blow an ague towards me. Me dat., not accus.).
4) Denoting junction: “can honour set to a leg?” H4A V, 1, 133 (rejoin a leg to the body from which it is cut off). Hence to clap to == to shut hastily: “clap to the doors,” H4A II, 4, 305. “who upon the sudden clapped to their gates,” Cor. I, 4, 51. cf. “grow to,” Merch. II, 2, 18.
5) Denoting an aim proposed in doing something: “thou rather shalt enforce it with thy smile than hew to it with thy sword,” Tim. V, 4, 46 (== than shape it for thy purpose by hewing or cutting it).
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