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Temper, vb. 1) trans. to bring to a proper or desired state or quality: “lack of --ed judgment,” Meas. V, 478. “never durst poet touch a pen to write until his ink were --ed with love's sighs,” LLL IV, 3, 347. Particular significations: a) to compound, to mix: “the poison of that lies in you to t.” Ado II, 2, 21. “--ing extremities with extreme sweet,” Rom. II Chor. Rom. II Chor. “if you could find out a man to bear a poison, I would t. it,” III, 5, 98. “it is a poison --ed by himself,” Hml. V, 2, 339. “to t. poisons for her,” Cymb. V, 5, 250.
b) to wet, to moisten (dry things): “the kerns of Ireland are in arms and t. clay with blood of Englishmen,” H6B III, 1, 311. and cast you (the eyes) “with the waters that you lose, to t. clay,” Lr. I, 4, 326. “let me go grind their bones to powder small and with this hateful liquor t. it,” Tit. V, 2, 200 (or == mix it).
c) to warm: “what wax so frozen but dissolves with --ing?” Ven. 565.
d) to make hard by cooling: “the elements, of whom your swords are --ed,” Tp. III, 3, 62 (or == compounded?). cf. strong-tempered in Ven. 111, and mistempered in Rom. I, 1, 94.
e) to fashion, to mould, to dispose: “where you may t. her by your persuasion to hate young Valentine,” Gent. III, 2, 64. he (the devil) “that --ed thee bade thee stand up, gave thee no instance why thou shouldst do treason,” H5 II, 2, 118. “'tis she that --s him to this extremity,” R3 I, 1, 65 (Ff tempts). “and t. him with all the art I have, to pluck proud Lucius from the warlike Goths,” Tit. IV, 4, 109.
The partic. --ed, adjectively, == 1) disposed: “when you are better --ed to attend,” H4A I, 3, 235. “when was my lord so much ungently --ed, to stop his ears against admonishment?” Troil. V, 3, 1. “when grief and blood ill --ed vexeth him,” Caes. IV, 3, 115. Caes. IV, 3, 115 2) having a certain state or quality; conditioned: “if the truth of thy love to me were so righteously --ed as mine is to thee,” As I, 2, 14. “took fire and heat away from the best --ed courage of his troops,” H4B I, 1, 115. “were your days as green as Ajax' and your brain so --ed,” Troil. II, 3, 265. “I thought thy disposition better --ed,” Rom. III, 3, 115.
2) intr. to have or get a proper or desired state or quality: “I have him already --ing between my finger and my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him,” H4B IV, 3, 140 (becoming warm and soft like wax). “few men rightly t. with the stars,” H6C IV, 6, 29 (act and think in conformity with their fortune). cf. untempering in H5 V, 2, 241.
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