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That, demonstr. pron. (plur. those), used to indicate and point to an object of perception (either seen, or --in which case it is called a determinative pronoun -- only imagined) as separated from the subject; and therefore distinguished from this: “applying this to that,” Ven. 713. “that time offered sorrow, this, general joy,” H8 IV, 1, 6. “two ships, of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this,” Err. I, 1, 94. that gold (i. e. the crown on thy head) “must round engirt these brows of mine,” H6B V, 1, 99. to the boy Caesar send this (i. e. my) grizzled head. That (i. e. your) “head, my lord?” Ant. III, 13, 19. my ears would love that (i. e. thy) “inward beauty,” Ven. 434. “that hard heart of thine,” Ven. 434 Ven. 434 “she hath spied him already with those sweet eyes,” Mids. V, 328. “thy lips, those kissing cherries,” III, 2, 140. “what means that hand upon that breast of thine?” John III, 1, 21. “bind up those tresses,” III, 4, 61 (v. 68: bind up your hairs). “Surrey durst better have burnt that tongue than said so,” H8 III, 2, 254. “teach me, Alcides, thy rage, . . . and with those hands that grasped the heaviest club, subdue my worthiest self,” Ant. IV, 12, 46 etc.
Used absolutely as well as adjectively; a) adjectively: “that sweet coral mouth,” Ven. 542. “to bury that posterity which . . .,” Ven. 542 “at that time,” Tp. I, 2, 70. “wherefore did they not that hour destroy us? My tale provokes that question,” Tp. I, 2, 70 Tp. I, 2, 70 “that man,” Tp. I, 2, 70 “no hope that way,” II, 1, 240 etc. “those fair lips of thine,” Ven. 115. “if those hills be dry,” Ven. 115 love made those hollows, 243 etc. “not that devoured, but that which doth devour, is worthy blame,” Lucr. 1256. “foretell new storms to those already spent,” Lucr. 1256 “out of that 'no hope',” Tp. II, 1, 239. “that most deeply to consider is the beauty of his daughter,” III, 2, 106. “that to come,” Ant. II, 3, 6. “the names of those their nobles that lie dead,” H5 IV, 8, 96. “that her hand,” Troil. I, 1, 55. “that their fitness does unmake you,” Mcb. I, 7, 53. “thy demon, that thy spirit which keeps thee,” Ant. II, 3, 19 (M. Edd. unnecessarily: that's thy spirit). “threats the throat of that his officer that murdered Pompey,” III, 5, 19. “draw that thy honest sword,” IV, 14, 79. “those poor number saved with you,” Tw. I, 2, 10. “for those of old and the late dignities,” Mcb. I, 6, 18.
b) absolutely; with reference to things: “begged for that which thou unasked shalt have,” Ven. 102. “the bettering of my mind with that which . . . o'erprized all popular rate,” Tp. I, 2, 91. “if he were that which now he's like,” II, 1, 282. those (liberal arts) “being all my study,” Tp. I, 2, 74. those (tears) “at her father's churly feet she tendered,” Gent. III, 1, 225 etc. Plural form of the subject caused by that of the predicate: “those are pearls that were his eyes,” Tp. I, 2, 398. Merch. IV, 1, 254. Cor. I, 6, 66. “the armour that I saw in your tent, are those stars or suns upon it?” H5 III, 7, 74. Referring to sentences, or to things thought or acted: “what of that?” Ven. 717. Mids. I, 1, 228 (cf. What). “but that I do not,” Tp. I, 2, 52. Caes. IV, 3, 298. take thou that (blows) Err. II, 2, 23. “it is not that that hath incensed the duke,” H6A III, 1, 36. “mark but my fall, and that that ruined me,” H8 III, 2, 440. what's that? (i. e. what you say) Troil. I, 2, 42 etc. that is == that is to say: Tp. II, 1, 282. Meas. II, 4, 135 etc. and that, used to explain or add to what is said: “I heard a humming, and that a strange one,” Tp. II, 1, 318. “he shall pay for him that hath him, and that soundly,” II, 2, 81. “to deliver all the intelligence against you, and that with the divine forfeit of his soul,” All's III, 6, 33. “I find it, and that to the infection of my brains,” Wint. I, 2, 145. “I'll repent, and that suddenly,” H4A III, 3, 5. scarce half made up, and that so lamely, R3I, 1, 22. “given hostile strokes, and that not in the presence of dreaded justice,” Cor. III, 3, 97. “so 'tis put on me, and that in way of caution,” Hml. I, 3, 95. “heard others praise, and that highly,” III, 2, 33. “you have been talked of, . . . and that in Hamlet's hearing,” IV, 7, 73. his voice was propertied as all the tuned spheres, and that to friends, Ant, V, 2, 84. Sometimes for the modern so: “trim it handsomely. Ay, that I will,” Tp. V, 294. “was there a wise woman with thee? Ay, that there was,” Wiv. IV, 5, 60. “knowest thou not the duke hath banished me? That he hath not,” As I, 3, 97. “you saw the ceremony? That I did,” H8 IV, 1, 60. cf. Dogberry's phrase: “gifts that God gives,” Ado III, 5, 47.
Referring to persons; not only in the plural: “those that I saw suffer,” Tp. I, 2, 6. “let it lie for those that it concerns,” Gent. I, 2, 76. “those that betray them do no treachery,” Wiv. V, 3, 24. “God punish me with hate in those where I expect most love,” R3 II, 1, 35. “who are those at the gate?” Err. III, 1, 48. “me they left with those of Epidamnum,” V, 353. “my loving greetings to those of mine in court,” All's I, 3, 259. “combined with those of Norway,” Mcb. I, 3, 112. “those of his chamber had done it,” II, 3, 106 etc. But also in the singular: “who is that that spake?” Gent. IV, 2, 87. “who is that at the door that keeps all this noise?” Err. III, 1, 61. “who's that which calls?” Meas. I, 4, 6. “the contents dies in the zeal of that which it presents,” LLL V, 2, 519. “he; that with the plume,” All's III, 5, 81. “then thou art as great as that thou fearest,” Tw. V, 153 (== as he whom thou fearest). “who's that that bears the sceptre?” H8 IV, 1, 38. “shall he be worshipped of that we hold an idol more than he?” Troil. II, 3, 199 (== worshipped by him whom we hold etc.) “who's that at door?” IV, 2, 36. “that, with his sons, a terror to our foes, hath yoked a nation strong,” Tit. I, 29. “who is that you love?” Rom. I, 1, 205 (== she whom). “who's that which rings the bell?” Oth. II, 3, 160 (Qq that that rings).
Sometimes pointing not so much to persons or things as to their qualities, and almost == such, or things of such a nature: “that's to ye sworn to none was ever said,” Compl. 180. “thy vile race had that in't which good natures could not abide to be with,” Tp. I, 2, 359. and that (will be) “supposed . . . that may dwell upon your grave,” Err. III, 1, 101. “had you that craft, to reave her . . .,” All's V, 3, 86. “a heart of that fine frame to pay this debt of love,” Tw. I, 1, 33. “there's that in this fardel will make him scratch his beard,” Wint. IV, 4, 727. “hast thou that holy feeling . . . to counsel me . . .,” R3 I, 4, 257. “I will put that business in your bosoms, whose execution takes your enemy off,” Mcb. III, 1, 104. “there cannot be that vulture in you, to devour so many . . .,” IV, 3, 74. “whose love was of that dignity that it went hand in hand with the vow,” Hml. I, 5, 48. “there cannot be those numberless offences 'gainst me that I cannot take peace with,” H8 II, 1, 84. “think us those we profess, peace-makers,” III, 1, 167. cf. Cor. V, 1, 46. Lr. I, 4, 231. II, 4, 259. Mcb. V, 1, 66. In this sense, sometimes followed by as as its correlative: “those as sleep and think not on their sins,” Wiv. V, 5, 57. “I could not answer in that course of honour as she had made the overture,” All's V, 3, 98. “bear that proportion to my flesh and blood as did the fatal brand,” H6B I, 1, 233. “wish his mistress were that kind of fruit as maids call medlars,” Rom. II, 1, 35. “that gentleness . . . as I was wont to have,” Caes. I, 2, 33. “I return those duties back as are right fit,” Lr. I, 1, 99. “entertained with that ceremonious affection as you were wont,” I, 4, 63. 314 (Ff). “those arts they have as I could put into them,” Cymb. V, 5, 338.
Used emphatically, either in dislike or in praise: “between that sun and thee,” Ven. 194. “jealousy, that sour unwelcome guest,” Ven. 194 “the boar, that bloody beast,” Ven. 194 “she's fled unto that peasant Valentine,” Gent. V, 2, 35. “by that most famous warrior, Duke Menaphon,” Err. V, 367. “that angel knowledge,” LLL I, 1, 113. “that pure congealed white, high Taurus' snow,” Mids. III, 2, 141. “making that idiot laughter keep men's eyes,” John III, 3, 45. “then was that noble Worcester ta'en prisoner,” H4B I, 1, 125. “that furious Scot,” H4B I, 1, 125 “that wretched Anne, thy wife,” R3 V, 3, 159. “till death, that winter, kill it,” H8 III, 2, 179. “the fool will not; he there, that he,” Troil. II, 1, 91 etc. Similarly that is, with a predicate, by way of applause and encouragement, == there is, i. e. thou art, you are: “why, that's my spirit!” Tp. I, 2, 215. “that's my noble master,” Tp. I, 2, 215 “why, that's my dainty Ariel,” V, 95. “why, that's my bawcock,” Wint. I, 2, 121. “sweet queen! that's a sweet queen, i' faith,” Troil. III, 1, 77. “that's my brave boy,” Cor. V, 3, 76. “ay, that's my boy,” Tit. IV, 1, 110. “that's my good son,” Rom. II, 3, 47. “that's my brave lord,” Ant. III, 13, 177. cf. “I would have men of such constancy put to sea, that their business might be every thing and their intent every where; for that's it that always makes a good voyage of nothing,” Tw. II, 4, 80.
Elliptically, == so it is, yes: “she found Benedick and Beatrice between the sheet? That.” Ado II, 3, 145. “crown him? that.” Caes. II, 1, 15.
By the omission of the following relative, that == a) he who, she who: “who is that calls so coldly?” Shr. IV, 1, 13. “as great as that thou fearest,” Tw. V, 153. “the shaft confounds not that it wounds, but tickles still the sore,” Troil. III, 1, 129 (i. e. kills not her, whom it wounds. M. Edd. confounds, not that etc.). “who is that you love,” Rom. I, 1, 205. “who's that knocks?” Caes. II, 1, 309. “woe that too late repents,” Lr. I, 4, 279 (== woe to him who). b) == what, that which: “great grief grieves at that would do it good,” Lucr. 1117. “I joy in that I honour most,” Sonn. 25, 4. “I am that I am,” 121, 9. “seem you that you are not?” Gent. II, 4, 10. “cease to lament for that thou canst not help,” III, 1, 241. “throw us that you have about ye,” IV, 1, 3. “the knave bragged of that he could not compass,” Wiv. III, 3, 212. “over and above that you have suffered,” V, 5, 177. “be that you are,” Meas. II, 4, 134. “gather the sequel by that went before,” Err. I, 1, 96. “the meat wants that I have,” II, 2, 57. “consent to pay thee that I never had,” IV, 1, 74. “have you that I sent you for?” IV, 4, 9. “let me be that I am,” Ado I, 3, 38. “aim better at me by that I now will manifest,” III, 2, 100. “if you dare not trust that you see, confess not that you know,” III, 2, 100 “here's that shall drive some of them to a noncome,” III, 5, 67. “let me go with that I came,” V, 2, 47. “'tis strange, that these lovers speak of,” Mids. V, 1. “we are accomplished with that we lack,” Merch. III, 4, 62. “that they call compliment is like the encounter of two dog-apes,” As II, 5, 26. “I earn that I eat, get that I wear,” III, 2, 77. “I will continue that I broached in jest,” Shr. I, 2, 84. “I read that I profess,” IV, 2, 8. “seeks not to find that her search implies,” All's I, 3, 222. “is it possible he should know what he is, and be that he is?” IV, 1, 49. “I am not that I play,” Tw. I, 5, 196. “the heavens with that we have in hand are angry,” Wint. III, 3, 5. “do you almost think, although you see, that you do see?” John IV, 3, 44. “doth that I would not have it do,” H4A III, 2, 90. “meditating that shall dye your white rose in a bloody red,” H6A II, 4, 60 (thinking on what shall dye etc., i. e. combat. A passage strangely misinterpreted). “answer that I shall ask,” H6B I, 4, 29. “be that thou hopest to be,” III, 1, 333. “'tis true that Henry told me of,” H6C V, 6, 69. on him I lay that you would lay on “me,” R3 III, 7, 171 (Qq what). “I am possessed of that is mine,” Tit. I, 408. “where liest o' nights? Under that's above me,” Tim. IV, 3, 292. “now follows that you know,” Hml. I, 2, 17. “followed that I blush to look upon,” Ant. III, 11, 12. “that you did fear is done,” V, 2, 338.
By the omission of the following conjunction, in that == considering that, inasmuch as, since, as: “in spite of death thou dost survive, in that thy likeness still is left alive,” Ven. 174. “pardon me, in that my boast is true,” Compl. 246. “my brother had but justice, in that he did the thing for which he died,” Meas. V, 454. “but in that thou art like to be my kinsman, live unbruised,” Ado V, 4, 111. “in that each of you have forsworn his book, can you still dream and pore and thereon look,” LLL IV, 3, 297. “my better, in that you are the first-born,” As I, 1, 50. “brook such disgrace well as he shall run into, in that it is a thing of his own search,” As I, 1, 50 “thou dost consent in some large measure to thy father's death, in that thou seest thy wretched brother die,” R2 I, 2, 27. “for thy treachery, what's more manifest? in that thou laid'st a trap to take my life,” H6A III, 1, 22. “I like it not, in that he bears the badge of Somerset,” IV, 1, 177. “let him die, in that he is a fox,” H6B III, 1, 257. “coal-black is better than another hue, in that it scorns to bear another hue,” Tit. IV, 2, 100. “to suppress his further gait herein, in that the levies are all made out of his subject,” Hml. I, 2, 31. Coming near the sense of because: “I love thee well, in that thou likest it not,” Shr. IV, 3, 83. “entreat her not the worse in that I pray to use her well,” H6B II, 4, 81. “in that you brook it ill, it makes him worse,” R3 I, 3, 3. “happy, in that we are not over-happy,” Hml. II, 2, 232.
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