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The (often apostrophized before vowels, f. i. “th'one sweetly flatters, th'other feareth harm,” Lucr. 172. “i'th' air or th'earth,” Tp. I, 2, 387. the other abbreviated to t'other or tother: “she vaunted 'mongst her minions t'other day,” H6B I, 3, 87. “here comes sleeve and t'other,” Troil. V, 4, 19 (Ff th'other). “I'll lean upon one crutch and fight with tother,” Cor. I, 1, 246. “I saw him yesterday, or tother day,” Hml. II, 1, 56 etc. In R2 II, 2, 112 and 113 Qq t'one, t'other, Ff th'one, th'other. In Troil. V, 4, 10 even: o' th'tother side; a vulgarism very frequent in contemporary writers. cf. Other), the definite article, employed in general as at present: “the sun,” Ven. 1. “the weeping morn,” Ven. 1 “hied him to the chase,” Ven. 1 “the field's chief flower,” Ven. 1 “the world,” Ven. 1 “the god of fight,” Ven. 1 “so shall the day seem night,” Ven. 1 my beauty as the spring doth yearly grow, 141 (cf. Spring). “the earth's increase,” Ven. 1 “the fire that burneth me,” Ven. 1 “the time is spent,” Ven. 1 “when a painter would surpass the life,” Ven. 1 “her eyes wooed still, his eyes disdained the wooing,” Ven. 1 “she takes him by the hand,” Ven. 1 “the sense of feeling,” Ven. 1 “what banquet wert thou to the taste,” Ven. 1 “as the wolf doth grin,” Ven. 1 “as the berry breaks,” Ven. 1 “he strikes her on the cheeks,” Ven. 1 “all the earth,” Ven. 1 “in the west,” Ven. 1 “fall to the earth,” Ven. 1 “the night is spent,” Ven. 1 “on the sudden,” Ven. 1 “confounded in the dark she lay,” Ven. 1 “catch her by the neck,” Ven. 1 “strike the wise dumb and teach the fool to speak,” Ven. 1 “from the besieged Ardea,” Lucr. 1. “his eye commends the leading to his hand,” Lucr. 1 the flesh being proud, desire doth fight with grace, 712 etc. etc.
Sometimes instead of the possessive pronoun: “hang the head,” Ven. 666 (cf. Head). “to put the finger in the eye and weep,” Err. II, 2, 206. “hard in the palm of the hand,” III, 2, 124 (Rowe: her hand). “for putting the hand in the pocket,” Meas. III, 2, 49. “to shake the head,” Merch. III, 3, 15. “you shake the head,” Ado II, 1, 377. “he bites the lip,” R3 IV, 2, 27 (Ff he gnaws his lip). “he hangs the lip at something,” Troil. III, 1, 152. “he drops down the knee before him,” Tim. I, 1, 61. “at the feet sat,” Ant. III, 6, 5. Caes. II, 4, 34. Mcb. I, 7, 58.
Before gerunds: “worth the eating,” Caes. I, 2, 296. “have hanged a man for the getting a hundred bastards,” Meas. III, 2, 125. “in the delaying death,” IV, 2, 174. “be cunning in the working this,” Ado II, 2, 53. “you need not fear the having any of these lords,” Merch. I, 2, 109. “in the cutting it if thou dost shed one drop,” IV, 1, 309. “for the better increasing your folly,” Tw. I, 5, 85. whose state so many had the managing, H5 Epil. Tw. I, 5, 85 “the giving back the great seal to us,” H8 III, 2, 347. “what she doth cost the holding,” Troil. II, 2, 52 (cf. Hml. V, 1, 100). “nothing in his life became him like the leaving it,” Mcb. I, 4, 8. “what can man's wisdom in the restoring his bereaved sense,” Lr. IV, 4, 9. “I will attempt the doing it,” Oth. III, 4, 22. “the seeing these effects,” Cymb. I, 5, 25. “the locking-up the spirits a time,” Cymb. I, 5, 25 (of after the gerund, f. i. As II, 4, 49. Caes. III, 1, 51).
Before proper names: “the Hero that here lies,” Ado V, 3, 4 (punning upon the appellative noun hero? cf. IV, 1, 101. At least the female form heroine is unknown to Sh.). “else the Puck a liar call,” Mids. V, 442. “at the Saint Francis here,” All's III, 5, 39 (i. e. at an inn called so). “the Douglas,” H4A II, 3, 28. IV, 1, 3. H4B Ind. IV, 1, 3 “the Douglas and the Hotspur,” H4A V, 1, 116. “the Talbot,” H6A II, 2, 37. III, 3, 20. III, 3, 20 “the Burgundy,” III, 3, 37. “the Tarquin,” Caes. II, 1, 54. Similarly: “the Count Claudio,” Ado II, 2, 1. Ado II, 2, 1 IV, 1, 331. “the Count Rousillon,” All's I, 2, 18. I, 3, 161. II, 3, 200. “the Count Orsino,” Tw. I, 5, 109. II, 1, 44. “the Prince Florizel,” Wint. IV, 2, 29. “the Count Melun,” John IV, 3, 15. V, 4, 9. “the Lieutenant Cassio,” Oth. III, 4, 1 (Ff Lieutenant Cassio). “the great Apollo,” Wint. II, 3, 200. III, 2, 138 (III, 1, 14 and III, 2, 129 great Apollo). “the good Camillo,” III, 2, 157. “the old Andronicus,” Tit. IV, 4, 89. “the young Romeo,” Rom. II, 4, 125.
Before abstract terms seemingly used in a general sense, but in fact restricted by their particular application: “torches are made to light, . . . fresh beauty for the use,” Ven. 164 (Venus has a certain use in mind). “doth not the appetite alter?” Ado II, 3, 247 (i. e. with respect to marriage). “the fashion wears out more apparel than the man,” III, 3, 148 (quite personified; cf. v. 140 sq.). “when the age is in, the wit is out,” III, 5, 37 (Dogberry's proverbial saying, specially applied to his colleague Verges and the wit which he once was master of). “the mathematics and the metaphysics, fall to them as you find your stomach serves you,” Shr. I, 1, 37 (i. e. the studies about which you make so much fuss). “so is running away, when fear proposes the safety,” All's I, 1, 217 (which before was recommended by advantage). “smacks it not something of the policy?” John II, 396 (which you make so much of). “to live but by the spoil,” H6B IV, 8, 41 (read this together with what follows: by robbing of your friends). “but say it were not registered, methinks the truth should live from age to age,” R3 III, 1, 76. “the leisure and the fearful time cuts off the ceremonious vows of love,” V, 3, 97. “what will you give us? No money, but the gleek,” Rom. IV, 5, 115 (the one that I know). “all is the fear, and nothing is the love; as little is the wisdom, where the flight so runs against all reason,” Mcb. IV, 2, 12. “their dear causes would to the bleeding and the grim alarm excite the mortified man,” V, 2, 4. Cor. IV, 6, 41. Hml. I, 1, 84. “if it be not now, yet it will come; the readiness is all,” V, 2, 234 (i. e. of leaving or dying). “that Venus where we see the fancy outwork nature,” Ant. II, 2, 206 (i. e. that fancy which we are wont to place so far below nature. But cf. imagination, understanding etc. in their present use). see the death sub Death.
The same point of view perhaps admissible in the following cases: who is so faint, that dare not be so “bold to touch the fire, the weather being cold?” Ven. 402. i. e. the flame). “in the Ocean drenched, or in the fire,” Ven. 402 “air and water do abate the fire,” Ven. 402 “to swim, to dive into the fire,” Tp. I, 2, 191. “the fire seven times tried this,” Merch. II, 9, 63. “a death that I abhor; for the water swells a man,” Wiv. III, 5, 16. “what is she in the white?” LLL II, 197. “the April's in her eyes,” Ant. III, 2, 43 (i. e. tears). “I have a poor penny-worth in the English,” Merch. I, 2, 77 (which is the only language he understands). “skill in the weapon is nothing without sack,” H4B IV, 3, 123 (opposed to learning). “how dare the plants look up to heaven, from whence they have their nourishment?” Per. I, 2, 55 (not plants in general, but we that are like plants).
In the predicate: “am I the man yet?” As III, 3, 3 (cf. Man). “live you the marble-breasted tyrant still,” Tw. V, 127. “made his majesty the bawd to theirs,” John III, 1, 59. “he was the wretched'st thing when he was young,” R3 II, 4, 18. “they are the poorest,” H8 IV, 2, 148. “if he return the conqueror,” Lr. IV, 6, 271. “I am alone the villain of the earth,” Ant. IV, 6, 30. “thy father was the duke of Milan,” Tp. I, 2, 54. “that they were living both in Naples, the king and queen there,” V, 150. “I'll make you the queen of Naples,” I, 2, 449. “were I but now the lord of such hot youth,” R2 II, 3, 99 (Qq lord. cf. Lord). “the Marchioness of Pembroke!” H8 II, 3, 94 (cf. H8 II, 3, 94).
Before the vocative: “the wild waves, whist!” Tp. I, 2, 379. “brother, my lord the duke!” III, 3, 51. “my lord the king!” Wint. III, 2, 143. “my lord the emperor, resolve me this,” Tit. V, 3, 35. “farewell, the latter spring,” H4A I, 2, 177 (M. Edd. thou latter spring). “O the father, how he holds his countenance,” II, 4, 432. “the Roman gods, lead their successes, . . . that we may give you thankful sacrifice!” Cor. I, 6, 6 (M. Edd. ye Roman gods; or: the Roman gods lead.) “O the gods!” II, 3, 60. IV, 1, 37. “hark, Tamora, the empress of my soul,” Tit. II, 3, 40. “the last of all the Romans, fare thee well!” Caes. V, 3, 99. “the gods! it smites me beneath the fall I have,” Ant. V, 2, 171. Ant. V, 2, 171 Lr. II, 4, 171. “as you, O the dearest of creatures, would even renew me with your eyes,” Cymb. III, 2, 43. “exposing it -- O, the harder heart! alack! no remedy! -- to the greedy touch of Titan,” III, 4, 164. “the god of this great vast, rebuke these surges,” Per. III, 1, 1 (most M. Edd. thou god). cf. “the venom clamours of a jealous woman, poisons more deadly than a mad dog's tooth!” Err. V, 69 (most M. Edd. the venom clamours of a jealous woman poison etc.). Lr. I, 1, 271.
The following differences from modern or common usage easily accounted for: “the one so like the other,” Err. I, 1, 52. “the one of them contains my picture,” Merch. II, 7, 11. “which is the wiser here? Justice or Iniquity?” Meas. II, 1, 180. “at the first sight they have changed eyes,” Tp. I, 2, 440. “for urging it the second time to me,” Err. II, 2, 47. “bad news, by'r lady; seldom comes the better,” R3 II, 3, 4. “by that you love the dearest in the world,” H8 IV, 2, 155. “as common as any the most vulgar thing to sense,” Hml. I, 2, 99. “never will I undertake the thing wherein thy counsel and consent is wanting,” H6C II, 6, 101; cf. “in this rapture I shall surely speak the thing I shall repent,” Troil. III, 2, 139. “when he might act the woman in the scene,” Cor. II, 2, 100. “we shall buy maidenheads by the hundreds,” H4A II, 4, 398. “knock 'em down by the dozens,” H8 V, 4, 33. “should by the minute feed on life,” Cymb. V, 5, 51. cf. the articles Heaven, Day, Night, Which etc.
Before two comparatives, denoting corresponding gradation (cf. Much): “the mightier man, the mightier is the thing that makes him honoured,” Lucr. 1004. “the more she saw the blood his cheeks replenish, the more she thought he spied in her some blemish,” Lucr. 1004 “the sooner the better,” H6B I, 4, 17. Tp. III, 1, 80. Gent. II, 7, 24. IV, 2, 14. Err. II, 2, 89. As IV, 1, 162. R2 I, 1, 41. H4A V, 2, 15. H5 IV, 3, 22. H6C V, 1, 70 etc. The first comparative replaced by another form of expression, or supplied in thought: “her words are done, her woes the more increasing,” Ven. 254. “and that his beauty may the better thrive, with Death she humbly doth insinuate,” Ven. 254 “never did he bless my youth with his; the more am I accurst,” Ven. 254 “swells the higher by this let,” Lucr. 646. “the baser is he . . . to shame his hope,” Lucr. 646 “you swinged me for my love, which makes me the bolder to chide you for yours,” Gent. II, 1, 89. “if you turn not, you will return the sooner,” II, 2, 4. III, 1, 95. III, 2, 19. IV, 4, 29. IV, 4, 29 V, 4, 136. Wiv. II, 1, 56. Wiv. II, 1, 56 III, 2, 86. IV, 6, 39. Meas. I, 4, 22. II, 1, 233. III, 1, 6. IV, 3, 48. IV, 3, 48 Err. I, 2, 103. Mids. II, 1, 202. All's I, 1, 161. H6A V, 1, 15. H6B I, 1, 29. H6C IV, 1, 83. IV, 8, 56. Mcb. III, 1, 26. IV, 3, 184. Ant. III, 2, 52 etc. The article before the second comparative omitted: “who taught thee how to make me love thee more the more I hear and see just cause of hate?” Sonn. 150, 10. Comparative omitted: “the more you beat me, I will fawn on you,” Mids. II, 1, 204. The article seemingly superfluous: “what were thy lips the worse for one poor kiss?” Ven. 207. “let them alone till they are sober: if they make you not then the better answer, you may say they are not the men you took them for,” Ado III, 3, 49. “how much the better to fall before the lion than the wolf,” Tw. III, 1, 139. “I am the worse, when one says 'swagger'” H4B II, 4, 112.
Omitted with the liberty peculiar to poetical language and still more common in ancient than in modern poetry: “to cabin!” Tp. I, 1, 18. “safely in harbour is the king's ship,” I, 2, 226. “stealing unseen to west,” Sonn. 33, 8. “ere I went to wars,” Ado I, 1, 307. “the smallest mouse that creeps on floor,” Mids. V, 223. “milk comes frozen home in pail,” LLL V, 2, 925. “sticks me at heart,” As I, 2, 254. “with spectacles on nose and pouch on side,” II, 7, 159. “no man at door,” Shr. IV, 1, 123. Wint. IV, 4, 352. “he be at palace,” IV, 4, 731. “their grace 'fore meat, their talk at table, and their thanks at end,” Cor. IV, 7, 3. “on one and other side,” Cor. IV, 7, 3. “foamed at mouth,” Caes. I, 2, 255. “performed at height,” Hml. I, 4, 21. “I will be thrown into Etna, as I have been into Thames,” Wiv. III, 5, 129. “from the banks of Wye and sandy-bottomed Severn,” H4A III, 1, 65. “from Trent and Severn hitherto,” H4A III, 1, 65 “you shall have Trent turned,” H4A III, 1, 65 “from the waves of Tiber,” Caes. I, 2, 114. “all the worms of Nile,” Cymb. III, 4, 37. “if Marcius should be joined with Volscians,” Cor. IV, 6, 89. “King of Pont,” Ant. III, 6, 72. “ear's deep-sweet music, and heart's deep-sore wounding,” Ven. 432. “proving from world's minority their right,” Lucr. 67. “wilt thou be glass wherein it shall discern authority for sin,” Lucr. 67 “greatest scandal waits on greatest state,” Lucr. 67 “to drown in ken of shore,” Lucr. 67 “when sun doth melt their snow,” Lucr. 67 “eclipses stain both moon and sun, and loathsome canker lives in sweetest bud,” Sonn. 35, 3. “more tuneable than lark to shepherd's ear,” Mids. I, 1, 184. “plain as way to parish church,” As II, 7, 52. “he that can assure my daughter greatest dower,” Shr. II, 345. if thou “proceed as high as word,” All's II, 1, 213. “mightst never draw sword again,” Tw. I, 3, 66. “longest way shall have the longest moans,” R2 V, 1, 90. “to sun's parching heat displayed my cheeks,” H6A I, 2, 77. “where is best place to make our battery next,” I, 4, 65. “this jarring discord of nobility,” IV, 1, 188. “York is meetest man to be your regent,” H6B I, 3, 163. “as salt as sea,” III, 2, 96. “while heart is drowned in cares,” III, 3, 14. “in humblest manner,” H8 II, 4, 144. “I propend to you in resolution to keep Helen still,” Troil. II, 2, 191. “as false . . . as fox to lamb,” III, 2, 200. “fallen in first rank,” III, 3, 161. that (love) “which dearest father bears his son,” Hml. I, 2, 111. “best safety lies in fear,” I, 3, 43. “left me bare to weather,” Cymb. III, 3, 64. “as nurse said,” Per. IV, 1, 53 etc. Very often omitted before substantives followed by of: “o'ercharged with burden of mine own love's might,” Sonn. 23, 8. “in table of my heart,” 24, 2. “our dear love lose name of single one,” 39, 6. “in pride of all his growth,” 99, 12. “in process of the seasons,” 104, 6. “some beauty peeped through lattice of seared age,” Compl. 14. “by help of her ministers,” Tp. I, 2, 275. “in absence of thy friend,” Gent. I, 1, 59. “sink in apple of his eye,” Mids. III, 2, 104. “with splendour of his precious eye,” John III, 1, 79. “to crouch in litter of your stable planks,” V, 2, 140. “we at time of year do wound the bark,” R2 III, 4, 57. “in reproof of many tales devised,” H4A III, 2, 23. “rock his brains in cradle of the rude surge,” H4B III, 1, 20. “in shadow of such greatness,” IV, 2, 15. H5 I, 1, 15. I, 2, 58. I, 2, 58 III Chor. I, 2, 58 III, 5, 22. IV, 7, 81. V, 2, 400. H6A III, 2, 77. H6B I, 2, 36. H6B I, 2, 36 II, 3, 71. H6C I, 4, 13. II, 1, 133. II, 5, 8. III, 2, 6. III, 3, 211. IV, 1, 68. IV, 6, 51. IV, 7, 18. R3 III, 5, 81. III, 7, 35 (Ff at lower end of the hall; cf. Cor. IV, 5, 205; Qq at the lower and etc.). V, 3, 176. H8 III, 2, 128. IV, 1, 10. IV, 1, 10 Troil. I, 1, 38. I, 3, 178. Cor. III, 3, 121. IV, 5, 205. Tit. I, 197. Tit. I, 197 Rom. I, 2, 106. III, 2, 82. Caes. I, 2, 301. III, 1, 216. Hml. I, 5, 65. Lr. I, 2, 120. II, 2, 68. Oth. II, 1, 24. Ant. II, 2, 160. Cymb. III, 5, 61. IV, 2, 190.
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