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This (plur. these. This is sometimes contracted to this: “this a good friar, belike,” Meas. V, 131. “this a heavy chance 'twixt him and you,” Shr. I, 2, 46. “this a good block,” Lr. IV, 6, 187. this or these abbreviated to 's: “my father died within's two hours,” Hml. III, 2, 134; M. Edd. these), demonstrative pronoun used to point to something that is present or near in place or time, or to something that is just mentioned or about to be mentioned; adjectively: “deign this favour,” Ven. 15. “pay this countless debt,” Ven. 15 “upon this promise did he raise his chin,” Ven. 15 “for this good turn,” Ven. 15 “this primrose bank,” Ven. 15 “these violets whereon we lean,” Ven. 15 “these forceless flowers support me,” Ven. 15 “these lovely caves . . . opened their mouths,” Ven. 15 “would root these beauties,” Ven. 15 “pursue these creatures,” Ven. 15 “these mine eyes,” Ven. 15 “this her mother's plot,” Wiv. IV, 6, 32. “this her easy-held imprisonment,” H6A V, 3, 139 etc. etc. within this mile == within a mile of this place: Cor. I, 4, 8. Mcb. V, 5, 37. Absolutely, with reference either to single things or to whole sentences or speeches: “with this she seizeth on his palm,” Ven. 25. Ven. 25 Ven. 25 “this said,” Ven. 25 Ven. 25 “at this Adonis smiles,” Ven. 25 “this I do to captivate the eye,” Ven. 25 “what hour is this?” Ven. 25 “how is it that this lives in thy mind?” Tp. I, 2, 49. “tell me if this might be a brother,” Tp. I, 2, 49 “is not this true?” Tp. I, 2, 49 “for this thou shalt have cramps,” Tp. I, 2, 49 didst thou offer her this (dog) “from me?” Gent. IV, 4, 58. your nose smells 'no' in this (Nathaniel's nose) LLL V, 2, 569. “O Antony, I have followed thee to this,” Ant. V, 1, 36. that our stars should divide our equalness to this, 48 (== to this point, this extremity). “take this from this, if it be otherwise,” Hml. II, 2, 156. “when thou shalt have overlooked this,” IV, 6, 13 etc. etc. Opposed to that: “applying this to that, and so to so,” Ven. 713. “two ships, of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this,” Err. I, 1, 94 etc. (cf. That). Plur. these: “tired with all these, for restful death I cry,” Sonn. 66, 1 (i. e. the following considerations). “these are they,” Tp. II, 2, 109. nor the lover's (melancholy) “which is all these,” As IV, 1, 15. “there lie, and there thy character; there these,” Wint. III, 3, 47. “one of these is true,” IV, 4, 586. “all these and more we hazard by thy stay,” H6A IV, 6, 40. “these indeed seem,” Hml. I, 2, 83. “last, and as much containing as all these,” IV, 5, 87. “where virtue is, these are more virtuous,” Oth. III, 3, 186. are letters brought, the tenour these, Per. III Prol. 24. Emphatically (evidently explained by a gesture, as this in Hml. II, 2, 156): “O could this kiss be printed in thy hand, that thou mightst think upon these by the seal, through whom a thousand sighs are breathed for thee,” H6B III, 2, 344 (i. e. my lips). The plural attracted by the form of the predicate: “these are devils,” Tp. II, 2, 91. “these be fine things,” Tp. II, 2, 91 III, 3, 30. V. III, 3, 30 Gent. II, 7, 72. IV, 1, 5. V, 4, 14. Err. IV, 3, 10. LLL I, 1, 47. LLL I, 1, 47 III, 22. Mids. II, 1, 81. As IV, 1, 107. H6B III, 1, 64. H8 IV, 2, 154 etc.
Not only these, but also this, absol. with reference to persons: “to the most of men this is a Caliban,” Tp. I, 2, 480. “which is that Barnardine? This, my lord,” Meas. V, 483. “Hymen now with luckier issue speed's than this for whom we rendered up this woe,” Ado V, 3, 33. “Hector was but a Troyan in respect of this,” LLL V, 2, 640. “there be fools alive, I wis, silvered o'er; and so was this,” Merch. II, 9, 69. “we'll make an instrument of this,” Wint. IV, 4, 637. “they are both hanged, and so would this be,” H5 IV, 4, 78. “he was a man; this in respect a child,” H6C V, 5, 56. “a son some year elder than this,” Lr. I, 1, 20.
Applied to notions of time, this == 1) the present; this day == to-day: Meas. I, 2, 182. Err. V, 204. Merch. II, 2, 154. IV, 1, 409. H4A II, 4, 176. H6C II, 6, 20. H8 IV, 1, 75. Tit. I, 235 etc. This, absolutely, == the present time, now: “between this and supper,” Cor. IV, 3, 43. “the time 'twixt this and supper,” Mcb. III, 1, 26. “and as a stranger . . . hold thee from this for ever,” Lr. I, 1, 118. Particularly in the phrases by this and ere this; cf. By and Ere. 2) == last; this other day == very lately: “writ to me this other day,” All's IV, 3, 226. “you denied to fight with me this other day,” Wint. V, 2, 140. “and said this other day,” H4A III, 3, 152. “did but try us this other day,” Tim. III, 6, 3. “when your lordship this other day sent to me,” Tim. III, 6, 3 “a prediction I read this other day,” Lr. I, 2, 153. this even == last evening: “she did intend confession at Patrick's cell this even; and there she was not,” Gent. V, 2, 42. this night == last night: “my troublous dream this night doth make me sad,” H6B I, 2, 22. this month, this week etc. == last month, since a month etc.: “whereon this month I have been hammering,” Gent. I, 3, 18. “where have you been these two days?” IV, 4, 48. “have done any time these three hundred years,” Wiv. I, 1, 13. “this week he hath been heavy,” Err. V, 45. “these fifteen years you have been in a dream,” Shr. Ind. 2, 81. “have been so any time these four hours,” Wint. V, 2, 147. “the language I have learned these forty years,” R2 I, 3, 159. “within these forty hours Surrey durst better have burnt that tongue,” H8 III, 2, 253. “he hath put me off to the succession of new days this month,” Tim. II, 2, 20. “how does your honour for this many a day?” Hml. III, 1, 91. H4A II, 3, 41. H6A I, 4, 16. H6B IV, 2, 2. IV, 10, 3. IV, 10, 3 Troil. V, 2, 182. Cor. I, 1, 59. Caes. II, 1, 88. Lr. IV, 1, 14. Cymb. IV, 2, 66 etc. Often this for these (the sum being reckoned up, as it were, in a total): “which for this nineteen years we have let slip,” Meas. I, 3, 21. “has been a vile thief this seven year,” Ado III, 3, 134. “who for this seven years hath esteemed him . . .,” Shr. Ind. 1, 122. “I have forsworn his company this two and twenty years,” H4A II, 2, 17. “that I did not this seven year,” II, 4, 343. “I have maintained that salamander this two and thirty years,” III, 3, 54. “this seven years did not Talbot see his son,” H6A IV, 3, 37. “have ventured this many summers in a sea of glory,” H8 III, 2, 360. “for this many hundred years,” Rom. IV, 3, 40 (only in Q2; the rest these). “hath lain this two days,” V, 3, 176 (only Q2). “this three years I have taken a note of it,” Hml. V, 1, 150 (Ff these). “I have not seen him this two days,” Lr. I, 4, 77. “this twenty years . . . these demesnes have been my world,” Cymb. III, 3, 69. “who for this three months hath not spoken,” Per. V, 1, 24. 3) == next to come: “this night I'll waste in sorrow,” Ven. 583. “this night he meaneth to climb . . .,” Gent. II, 6, 33. “he's safe for these three hours,” Tp. III, 1, 21. “'twill be this hour ere I have done weeping,” Gent. II, 3, 1. “within these three days his head to be chopped off,” Meas. I, 2, 69. “within these two days he will be here,” IV, 2, 213. “within these two months . . . I expect return,” Merch. I, 3, 158. “within these ten days if that thou be'st found,” As I, 3, 45. “for these two hours I will leave thee,” IV, 1, 180. “within these three hours 'twill be time,” All's IV, 1, 27. “there shall not these seven years be born another such,” Wint. IV, 4, 589. “I must leave you within these two hours,” H4A II, 3, 39. “nor shall we need his help these fourteen days,” III, 1, 88. “the first of this next month,” H6B II, 4, 71. “are like to dance these three days,” H8 V, 4, 68. shall hold ye play these two months, 90 etc. this for these: “he cannot draw his power this fourteen days,” H4A IV, 1, 126. “within this three hours will fair Juliet wake,” Rom. V, 2, 25.
In other cases, likewise, now pointing to what has preceded, now to what is to follow: “this it is to be a peevish girl,” Gent. V, 2, 49 (German: so geht's, wenn etc.). “this it is, when men are ruled by women,” R3 I, 1, 62. “why, this it is, see, see!” H8 II, 3, 81. “this it is to have a name,” Ant. II, 7, 12. Hector's opinion is this in way of truth (== as I said), Troil. II, 2, 189. “this for him,” Ant. III, 12, 15. On the other hand: why, this it is: my heart accords thereto, and yet a thousand times it answers 'no', Gent. I, 3, 90. “marry, this it is, sir,” Ado III, 5, 7 (== I shall tell you). “your reason? This it is: . . .,” Caes. IV, 3, 198. “but this it is: our foot shall stay with us,” Ant. IV, 10, 4. “this above all: to thine own self be true,” Hml. I, 3, 78. “if thou fall, O then imagine this, the earth . . . thy footing trips,” Ven. 721. “this is my spite, that, thou being dead, the day should yet be light,” Ven. 721 “at last she smilingly with this gives o'er: Fool, fool, quoth she,” Lucr. 1567. “let this be done: put them . . .,” Meas. IV, 3, 90. “what was his cause of anger? The noise goes, this: there is among the Greeks . . .,” Troil. I, 2, 12. “nor will he yield me this, to show him . . .,” Tim. I, 2, 200 etc.
Used, not to define or point to something, but to designate things or persons as sufficiently known in their qualities; sometimes in a good, oftener in a bad sense: “shall cool the heat of this descending sun,” Ven. 190. “whether doth my mind . . . drink up the monarchs' plague, this flattery,” Sonn. 114, 2. “where should they find this grand liquor that hath gilded 'em?” Tp. V, 280. “alas! this parting strikes poor lovers dumb,” Gent. II, 2, 21. “what should it be that he respects in her, . . . if this fond Love were not a blinded god?” Gent. IV, 4, 201. “as these black masks proclaim an enshield beauty,” Meas. II, 4, 79 (cf. Rom. I, 1, 236). “how will you do to content this substitute?” III, 1, 192. “she should this Angelo have married,” III, 1, 192 “her combinate husband, this well-seeming Angelo,” III, 1, 192 “this Angelo was not made by man and woman,” III, 2, 111. “this Claudio is condemned for untrussing,” III, 2, 111 “what is the news from this good deputy?” IV, 1, 27. “get you some of this distilled Carduus Benedictus,” Ado III, 4, 73. “for men's sake, the authors of these women,” LLL IV, 3, 359. “Lord, what fools these mortals be,” Mids. III, 2, 115. “where are these lads? where are these hearts?” IV, 2, 25. “now will I stir this gamester,” As I, 1, 170. “this duke hath ta'en displeasure 'gainst his gentle niece,” I, 2, 289. “O this learning, what a thing it is!” Shr. I, 2, 160. “as we watch these kites that bate and beat,” Shr. IV, 1, 198. “shall we hear this dialogue between the fool and the soldier?” All's IV, 3, 112. “out of this nettle danger we pluck this flower safety,” H4A II, 3, 10. “like one of these harlotry players,” II, 4, 436. “how subject we old men are to this vice of lying!” H4B III, 2, 326. “these fellows of infinite tongue, that can rhyme themselves into ladies' favours, they do always reason themselves out again,” H5 V, 2, 163. “these women are shrewd tempters,” H6A I, 2, 123. “where be these warders,” I, 3, 3. “have you dispatched this thing?” H6B III, 2, 6. “where are these porters, these lazy knaves?” H8 V, 4, 73. “where is this Hector?” Troil. V, 5, 44. “this peace is nothing but to rust iron,” Cor. IV, 5, 234. “these happy masks that kiss fair ladies' brows,” Rom. I, 1, 236 (cf. Meas. II, 4, 79). “where's this girl? what, Juliet,” I, 3, 4. “these tedious old fools!” Hml. II, 2, 223. “when I have stolen upon these sons-in-law,” Lr. IV, 6, 190. “the untuned and jarring senses, O, wind up of this child-changed father,” IV, 7, 17. “the ingratitude of this Seleucus does even make me wild,” Ant. V, 2, 153. Hence these sometimes found, where those would be expected: with these nails I'll pluck out these (i.e. thy) “false eyes,” Err. IV, 4, 107. “why have these banished and forbidden legs dared once to touch a dust of England's ground?” R2 II, 3, 90 (Qq those). “if I shall return once more to kiss these lips, I will appear in blood,” Ant. III, 13, 174. “will I cause these of Cyprus to mutiny,” Oth. II, 1, 281. cf. especially Meas. II, 4, 79 and Rom. I, 1, 236, with the notes of the commentators.
Peculiarities of use: == such: “would run to these and these extremities,” Caes. II, 1, 31. “with arms encumbered, thus, or this head-shake,” Hml. I, 5, 174 (shown by a gesture). these many == so many: “these many shall die,” Caes. IV, 1, 1. Having as for its correlative: “do me this courteous office as to know of the knight what my offence to him is,” Tw. III, 4, 278. “under these hard conditions as this time is like to lay upon us,” Caes. I, 2, 174.
== thus or so: “what am I that thou shouldst contemn me this?” Ven. 205. “further I will not flatter you . . . than this, that nothing do I see in you . . . should merit any hate,” John II, 518. this long's the text, Per. II Prol. 40 (perhaps long substantively. Ff. thus long).
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