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Up, adv. 1) aloft, on high: “the lark . . . mounts up on high,” Ven. 854. “true prayers that shall be up at heaven,” Meas. II, 2, 152. “your heart is up thus high at least,” R2 III, 3, 194. “thy seat is up on high,” V, 5, 112. “his mountain sire, on mountain standing, up in the air,” H5 II, 4, 58. “shall we stand up here?” Troil. I, 2, 193. some two months hence up higher toward the north he (the sun) “first presents his fire,” Caes. II, 1, 109. Applied to a level direction (in consequence of the natural illusion produced by distance): “up higher to the plain,” John II, 295. Metaphorically: “which first she'll prove on cats and dogs, then afterward up higher,” Cymb. I, 5, 39.
Denoting any direction from a lower to a higher place: “hold up thy head,” Ven. 118. “she heaveth up his hat,” Ven. 118 “a purple flower sprung up,” Ven. 118 “his guilty hand plucked up the latch,” Lucr. 358 (cf. Pluck). “all the infections that the sun sucks up,” Tp. II, 2, 1. Mids. II, 1, 89. “what is't that you took up,” Gent. I, 2, 70. Gent. I, 2, 70 “hang him up,” IV, 4, 24. “look up,” V, 4, 87 (cf. Look). “I'll creep up into the chimney,” Wiv. IV, 2, 56. “run up,” Wiv. IV, 2, 56 “pluck up thy spirits,” Shr. IV, 3, 38. “piled up heaps of gold,” H4B IV, 5, 71 (cf. Tp. III, 1, 10). “those of old, and the late dignities heaped up to them,” Mcb. I, 6, 19. “when they shall see his crest up again,” Cor. IV, 5, 225. “he wore his beaver up,” Hml. I, 2, 230. awhile they (her clothes) “bore her up,” IV, 7, 177 etc. etc. Often followed by to: “dancing up to the chins,” Tp. IV, 183. “we will up to the mountain's top,” Mids. IV, 1, 114. “up to the ears in blood,” H4A IV, 1, 117. “in Thames up to the neck,” H5 IV, 1, 120. “bathe our hands in Caesar's blood up to the elbows,” Caes. III, 1, 107. “you lie up to the hearing of the gods,” Ant. V, 2, 95. “up to yond hill,” Cymb. III, 3, 10 etc. By with: “up with your fights,” Wiv. II, 2, 142. up with it (== take it from the ground) Wint. III, 3, 128. “up with my tent,” R3 V, 3, 7 (== pitch it) etc. As for up and down, see Down.
2) upright, erect; opposed to any state of recumbency, or prostration, or repose in general; a) == out of bed: “ere I was up,” Lucr. 1277. “where once thou calledst me up at midnight,” Tp. I, 2, 228. “to be up early and down late,” Wiv. I, 4, 108. Ado II, 3, 136. Tw. II, 3, 2. H4A II, 1, 64. H6B IV, 2, 2 (punning). R3 V, 3, 211. Troil. I, 2, 50. IV, 2, 18. V, 2, 1. Rom. III, 5, 64. Rom. III, 5, 64 IV, 3, 10 “(sit up).” V, 3, 188 (punning). Caes. II, 1, 88. II, 2, 117. Mcb. II, 3, 82. Cymb. II, 3, 37.
b) standing on one's feet; not sitting or lying, or kneeling: “to stay him up,” John III, 4, 138. “up, cousin, up,” R2 III, 3, 194; Cor. II, 1, 188; Lr. IV, 6, 65. “stand close up,” H8 V, 4, 92. H8 V, 4, 92 “over and over he comes, and up again,” Cor. I, 3, 68. “set up a top,” IV, 5, 161. “my sinews, bear me stiffly up,” Hml. I, 5, 95. cf. “to bear up against what should ensue,” Tp. I, 2, 157 (not to sink under it). “so long as nature will bear up with this exercise,” Wint. III, 2, 242; etc. etc.
c) on foot, agoing, in motion or action: “lust stirs up a desperate courage,” Ven. 556. “cheering up her senses,” Ven. 556 “Philip, make up,” John III, 2, 5. “blew this tempest up,” V, 1, 17. “the day shall not be up so soon as I,” V, 5, 21 (== stirring, in activity). “to pluck a kingdom down and set another up,” H4B I, 3, 50 (cf. Set). “since gentlemen came up,” H6B IV, 2, 10 (began to exist and be active. Holland's speech). “when two authorities are up,” Cor. III, 1, 109. “the hunt is up,” Tit. II, 2, 1. “the citizens are up,” Rom. III, 1, 138. “what misadventure is so early up?” V, 3, 188. “the storm is up,” Caes. V, 1, 68. “the game is up,” Cymb. III, 3, 107. “why then do I put up that womanly defence, to say I have done no harm?” Mcb. IV, 2, 78 (== assert, urge). “up from my cabin,” Hml. V, 2, 12. Elliptically, as a word of incitement or exhortation: “up, gentlemen, follow me,” Wiv. III, 3, 179. “up once again,” John V, 4, 2. “up and away,” H4A V, 3, 28. “up, princes!” H5 III, 5, 38. IV, 2, 1. “up, vanity! down, royal state!” H4B IV, 5, 120. “up, sir, go with me,” Rom. III, 1, 144 etc.
Often == in arms: “Percy, Northumberland, . . . capitulate against us and are up,” H4A III, 2, 120. “the archbishop of York is up with well-appointed powers,” H4B I, 1, 189. “rebels there are up,” H6B III, 1, 283. IV, 1, 100. IV, 2, 2. IV, 2, 2 R3 IV, 4, 530.
3) Denoting an approach or coming to a place or person: “bear up and board 'em,” Tp. III, 2, 3. “certain horse are not yet come up,” H4A IV, 3, 20 (cf. Come). “make up, lest your retirement do amaze your friends,” V, 4, 5. 58 (== join our troops). “to see his father bring up his powers,” H4B II, 3, 14. “bring up your army,” Cor. I, 2, 29. “whither should they come? Up,” Rom. I, 2, 76 (i. e. to our house. The servant's speech). “bring up the brown bills,” Lr. IV, 6, 91 etc.
4) Denoting a state of due preparation and readiness for use: “he's winding up the watch,” Tp. II, 1, 12. Tw. II, 5, 66. Mcb. I, 3, 37. Lr. IV, 7, 16. “what he . . . will make up full clear,” Meas. V, 157. “make up that,” Tw. II, 5, 133 (make that intelligible). “bring him up to liking,” Wint. IV, 4, 544. “Pistol's cock is up,” H5 II, 1, 55. “help to deck up her,” Rom. IV, 2, 41. “to prepare him up against to-morrow,” Rom. IV, 2, 41 “go and trim her up,” IV, 4, 24 (cf. H4A V, 2, 57. Ant. V, 2, 345). “draw up your powers,” Lr. V, 1, 51 etc.
5) Denoting a state of being reposited in a place where a thing is kept when not used: “the steed is stalled up,” Ven. 39. “put thy sword up,” Tp. I, 2, 469; “the sword goes up again,” Caes. V, 1, 52; “up, sword,” Hml. III, 3, 88; “keep up your bright swords,” Oth. I, 2, 59. “put up this letter,” LLL IV, 1, 109. “thy threatening colours now wind up,” John V, 2, 73. V, 5, 7. “keep up thy quillets,” Oth. III, 1, 25. “'tis up again,” Cymb. II, 4, 97 etc. Hence implying the notion of laying together and of closing: “an adder wreathed up in fatal folds,” Ven. 879. here folds she up the tenour of her woe (i. e. the letter) Lucr. 1310. “the sleeves should be cut out and sewed up again,” Shr. IV, 3, 148. “heavy sleep had closed up mortal eyes,” Lucr. 163 (cf. Close). “to stop up the displeasure he hath conceived,” All's IV, 5, 80.
6) Denoting confinement or concealment: “draws up her breath,” Ven. 929. “there, all smothered up, in shade doth sit,” Ven. 929 “shame folded up in blind concealing night,” Lucr. 675 (cf. John II, 229. R3 I, 3, 269). “that shall pen thy breath up,” Tp. I, 2, 326. “my spirits are all bound up,” Tp. I, 2, 326 “mine enemies are all knit up in their distractions,” III, 3, 89. “shorten up their sinews with aged cramps,” IV, 260. “I wish mine eyes would shut up my thoughts,” Tp. II, 1, 192 (cf. Mids. III, 2, 435, and see Shut). “tie up my love's tongue,” Mids. III, 1, 206; “tie my treasure up in silken bags,” Per. III, 2, 41 (cf. Tie). “could trammel up the consequence,” Mcb. I, 7, 3. “here in the sands thee I'll rake up,” Lr. IV, 6, 281. “the locking up the spirits a time,” Cymb. I, 5, 41. “sands that will . . . suck them up to the topmast,” III, 1, 22 etc. “so the poor third is up,” Ant. III, 5, 13 (== in confinement).
7) Imparting to verbs the sense of completion, by indicating that the action expressed by them is fully accomplished: “dries up his oil,” Ven. 756. “I would the lightning had burnt up those logs,” Tp. III, 1, 17; cf. Tim. IV, 3, 141 and Oth. IV, 2, 75. “to make up the sum,” Err. I, 1, 154 (cf. Make, and made up == finished, accomplished, R3 I, 1, 21 etc.). “he that sets up his rest to do more exploits,” Err. IV, 3, 27 (bets all his rest, is firmly resolved; cf. Rest and Set). “poisons up the nimble spirits,” LLL IV, 3, 305. “to kill them up in their native dwelling-place,” As II, 1, 62. “to stifle such a villain up,” John IV, 3, 133. “winding up days with toil and nights with sleep,” H5 IV, 1, 296. “how many days will finish up the year,” H6C II, 5, 28. “all princely graces that mould up such a mighty piece,” H8 V, 5, 27. “'as true as Troilus' shall crown up the verse,” Troil. III, 2, 189. “the enemy by them shall make a fuller number up,” Caes. IV, 3, 208 (cf. H8 I, 1, 75). “shut up in measureless content,” Mcb. II, 1, 16 etc. cf. to eat up, to drink up, to devour up, to swallow up etc. sub Eat, Drink etc. The same signification discernible in to break up, to rip up (q. v.), where it becomes synonymous to open; and in to give up, to render and surrender up, to yield up, though it sometimes might be called a mere expletive scarcely modifying the sense.
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