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Win, (impf. and partic. won; in H4A III, 2, 59 Qq impf. wan, Ff won), 1) to gain by success in competition or contest, to have the better; absol.: “who loses and who --s,” Lr. V, 3, 15. “they laugh that w.” Oth. IV, 1, 126. == to have the better at play: “we shall never w. at that sport,” Merch. III, 2, 219. Rom. III, 2, 12. Mcb. I, 5, 23. Hml. V, 2, 183. Hml. V, 2, 183 Hml. V, 2, 183 Cymb. II, 3, 7. Cymb. II, 3, 7 == to be conqueror in war: “I cannot pray that thou mayst w.” John III, 1, 331. John III, 1, 331 H4A V, 1, 8. H4B I, 1, 132. R3 V, 3, 244. Cor. V, 3, 113. Ant. III, 4, 18. With of: “I have seen . . . the firm soil w. of the watery main,” Sonn. 64, 7. “he that --s of all,” John II, 569. H8 V, 1, 58. Cymb. I, 1, 121.
With an object: “w. the wager,” Shr. V, 2, 69. Shr. V, 2, 69 Shr. V, 2, 69 “to w. this easy match,” John V, 2, 106. Tit. V, 1, 100. “the field is won,” Shr. IV, 5, 23. “w. the day,” John V, 4, 30. H6A I, 6, 17. H6C II, 1, 136. IV, 4, 15. R3 V, 3, 145. “all's done, all's won,” H4A V, 3, 16. “thus I w. thee,” V, 4, 38 (cf. Ado V, 1, 82). “w. a battle,” H6B V, 3, 30. H6C I, 2, 74. R3 IV, 4, 538. Mcb. I, 1, 5. “a victory,” Cor. V, 3, 186. With of: “he won it of me with false dice,” Ado II, 1, 289. “those proud titles thou hast won of me,” H4A V, 4, 79. H5 II, 1, 98. Ant. II, 3, 36. Cymb. II, 1, 54. “won three fields of Sultan Solyman,” Merch. II, 1, 26.
2) to be successful in any manner: he may w. (i. e. choose the right casket) Merch. III, 2, 47. “to cozen him that would unjustly w.” All's IV, 2, 76. “men's flesh preserved so whole do seldom w.” H6B III, 1, 301. how can man hope to w. by it (ambition) H8 III, 2, 443. With upon == to gain on: “the rabble . . . will in time w. upon power,” Cor. I, 1, 224.*
3) to gain, to obtain, to get: “her husband's fame won in the fields,” Lucr. 107. “what w. I, if I gain the thing I seek,” Lucr. 107 “he hath won what he would lose again,” Lucr. 107 “thou in losing me shalt w. much glory,” Sonn. 88, 8. “to w. a Paradise,” Pilgr. 42 and LLL IV, 3, 73. “make us lose the good we oft might w.” Meas. I, 4, 78. LLL I, 1, 86. II, 60. III, 153. Merch. III, 2, 244. Shr. II, 344. All's III, 2, 96. All's III, 2, 96 V, 3, 336. John I, 174 “(well won is still well shot).” II, 158. H4A III, 1, 113. III, 2, 59. H5 I, 2, 131. III, 2, 11. III, 2, 11 H6B V, 3, 6. Cor. I, 1, 164. I, 6, 50. II, 1, 231. Mcb. I, 2, 67. IV, 3, 118 “(to w. me into his power).” Ant. II, 4, 9 “(you'll w. two days upon me).” Cymb. III, 4, 112 “(to w. time).” Per. V, 1, 44 (would w. some words of him) etc.
== to conquer, to get possession of: w. me and “wear me,” Ado V, 1, 82 (cf. H4A V, 4, 38). “'tis won as towns with fire, so won, so lost,” LLL I, 1, 147. “this --s him, liver and all,” Tw. II, 5, 106. “w. you this city without stroke,” John II, 418. “did w. what he did spend,” R2 II, 1, 180. R2 II, 1, 180 “you won it, wore it, kept it,” H4B IV, 5, 222. “if that you will France w.” H5 I, 2, 167. “how the English have the suburbs won,” H6A I, 4, 2. “Henry . . . should w. all,” III, 1, 198. myself did w. them both (Anjou and Maine) H6B I, 1, 119. H6B I, 1, 119 “they have won the bridge,” IV, 5, 3. “some nation that won you without blows,” Cor. III, 3, 133 etc. With from: to w. it (the island) “from me,” Tp. I, 2, 455. “which I will w. from France,” H6B I, 1, 213. Peculiar expressions: “Poictiers and Tours are won away,” H6A IV, 3, 45 (won by the enemy, consequently lost). “till France be won into the Dauphin's hands,” H6B I, 3, 173.
4) to gain in a moral sense; to move and prevail with by persuasion or any kind of influence; absol.: “corruption --s not more than honesty,” H8 III, 2, 445. Transitively: “pray heaven she w. him,” Meas. II, 2, 125. Wint. I, 2, 21. H5 II, 2, 124. H6B III, 1, 28. H6C III, 1, 34. H6C III, 1, 34 Mcb. I, 3, 125. With from: “she is corrupted, changed, and won from thee,” John III, 1, 55. “--s the king from her,” H6C III, 1, 50. “from his mother w. the Duke of York,” R3 III, 1, 38. “from Antony w. Cleopatra,” Ant. III, 12, 27. With to: “to w. me soon to hell,” Sonn. 144, 5. “whom I with pain have wooed and won thereto,” H6A V, 3, 138. “he will not be won to aught against him,” R3 III, 1, 166. III, 7, 50. III, 7, 50 Caes. I, 3, 141. Mcb. I, 3, 123. Hml. I, 5, 45. Per. II, 4, 49. Per. II, 4, 49 With an infinitive, == to prevail on: “cannot your grace w. her to fancy him?” Gent. III, 1, 67. “w. her to consent to you,” Wiv. II, 2, 245. Err. V, 116. All's V, 3, 119. R2 II, 3, 163. Lr. II, 2, 119 etc.
Especially used of success in love: “gentle thou art and therefore to be won,” Sonn. 41, 5. “did w. whom he would maim,” Compl. 312. Tp. I, 2, 451. Gent. I, 1, 141. III, 1, 89. III, 1, 89 Wiv. II, 2, 71. Wiv. II, 2, 71 Ado II, 1, 17. LLL IV, 3, 372. V, 2, 858. Mids. I, 1, 108. Merch. I, 2, 113. II, 1, 19. II, 1, 19 As IV, 1, 189. Shr. II, 312 “(won me to her love).” All's IV, 2, 64. H6A V, 3, 79. R3 I, 2, 229. Troil. III, 2, 119 etc. cf. Gent. I, 1, 32. Gent. I, 1, 32 LLL III, 8. Mids. I, 1, 17.
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