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Wither, 1) intr. to become sapless, to dry, to fade; used of plants: Ven. 418. Ven. 418 Lucr. 1168. R2 V, 1, 8. H6B IV, 10, 67. H6C II, 5, 101. R3 II, 2, 42. Rom. I, 2, 10. Hml. IV, 5, 185. Lr. IV, 2, 35. Oth. V, 2, 15. Per. IV, 4, 35. Partic. “--ed:” Lucr. 1254. Pilgr. 177. Tp. I, 2, 463. All's I, 1, 175 (French --ed pears; cf. H4A III, 3, 4. H4B II, 4, 8). Wint. V, 3, 133. R2 II, 1, 134. II, 4, 8. H4B IV, 5, 230. H6A II, 5, 11. H6C III, 2, 156. R3 II, 2, 41. IV, 4, 394. Tit. III, 1, 113. Tit. III, 1, 113 Ant. IV, 15, 64. Cymb. IV, 2, 286. Per. II, 2, 43. With up: “mine arm is like a blasted sapling --ed up,” R3 III, 4, 71.
Metaphorically; used of the effect of age in man: Sonn. 126, 4. Wiv. V, 5, 161. LLL IV, 3, 242. Mids. II, 1, 50. Shr. II, 239. Shr. II, 239 IV, 5, 43. H4B II, 4, 8. H4B II, 4, 8 H5 IV, 1, 316. V, 2, 170. H6A II, 4, 110. R3 I, 3, 215. Troil. I, 3, 297. Mcb. I, 3, 40. Of any physical or moral decay: “a --ed servingman a fresh tapster,” Wiv. I, 3, 19. “such short-lived wits do w. as they grow,” LLL II, 54. “I am --ed like an old apple-john,” H4A III, 3, 4. “shall see thee --ed, bloody, pale and dead,” H6A IV, 2, 38. “if you contend, a thousand lives must w.” H6C II, 5, 102. “O --ed truth!” Troil. V, 2, 46. “--ed murder,” Mcb. II, 1, 52 (gaunt, spectre-like).
Sometimes == to pine away, to languish, to lead an uncomfortable life: “the cedar stoops not to the base shrub's foot, but low shrubs w. at the cedar's root,” Lucr. 665. “earthlier happy is the rose distilled than that which --ing on the virgin thorn grows, lives and dies in single blessedness,” Mids. I, 1, 77. With an accus. denoting an effect: “a dowager long --ing out a young man's revenue,” Mids. I, 1, 6 (consuming in a lingering manner).*
2) tr. to cause to decay: “age cannot w. her,” Ant. II, 2, 240. “let prisons swallow 'em, debts w. 'em to nothing,” Tim. IV, 3, 538.
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