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When, 1) interrogatively, == at what time: “w. wilt thou be the humble suppliant's friend?” Lucr. 897. “w. did you lose your daughter?” Tp. V, 152. Gent. III, 1, 123. IV, 3, 42. Err. II, 2, 13. Err. II, 2, 13 LLL I, 1, 237 etc. etc.
Elliptically used as an exclamation of impatience: “come, thou tortoise! when?” Tp. I, 2, 316. “why, when, I say? . . . off with my boots, you rogues! you villains, when?” Shr. IV, 1, 146. Shr. IV, 1, 146 “when, Harry, when? obedience bids I should not bid again,” R2 I, 1, 162. “kneel down, kneel down; nay, when? strike now, or else the iron cools,” H6C V, 1, 49. “when, Lucius, when? awake, I say,” Caes. II, 1, 5. when, can you tell? a proverbial phrase expressing scorn at the demand or menace of another: Err. III, 1, 52. H4A II, 1, 43. cf. As IV, 1, 133.
2) relatively, == at the time that; with a preterit tense“: w. her lips were ready for his pay, he winks,” Ven. 89. “it was mine art, w. I arrived and heard thee, that made gape the pine,” Tp. I, 2, 292. Tp. I, 2, 292 II, 1, 97. III, 2, 151. III, 3, 43. Gent. II, 1, 27 etc. With a present, a) expressing an event of ordinary and natural occurrence: “he hath it w. he cannot use it,” Lucr. 862. “to do me business in the veins o'the earth w. it is baked with frost,” Tp. I, 2, 256. “it is foul weather in us all, w. you are cloudy,” II, 1, 142. II, 1, 142 III, 1, 12. III, 1, 12 LLL I, 1, 238. V, 2, 926. Merch. I, 1, 85 etc. b) futurity: “that thine may live w. thou thyself art dead,” Ven. 172. “be patient. W. the sea is,” Tp. I, 1, 17. I, 2, 378. II, 1, 234. II, 1, 234 III, 1, 18. III, 2, 1. III, 2, 1 III, 2, 1 III, 2, 1 III, 2, 1 V, 51. Gent. I, 1, 10. II, 1, 136. Ado V, 4, 68 etc. With a future: “w. I shall see thee frown on my defects,” Sonn. 49, 2. “run w. you will, the story shall be changed,” Mids. II, 1, 230 (== w. you will run) etc.
== at which time (the subordinate clause being, logically, the main proposition)“: his testy master goeth about to take him, when, lo, the unbacked breeder . . . swiftly doth forsake him,” Ven. 320. “and comelydistant sits he by her side, w. he again desires her . . . her grievance with his hearing to divide,” Compl. 66. “the time was once w. thou unurged wouldst vow,” Err. II, 2, 115. “marking the embarked traders on the flood, w. we have laughed to see the sails conceive,” Mids. II, 1, 128 etc.
== at the same time that, while, whereas (noting a contrast): “who is but drunken w. she seemed drowned,” Ven. 984. “thou didst smile, . . . w. I have decked the sea with drops full salt,” Tp. I, 2, 155. “you rub the sore, w. you should bring the plaster,” II, 1, 139. “w. they will not give a doit to relieve a lame beggar, they will lay out ten to see a dead Indian,” II, 2, 33. Gent. I, 2, 61. II, 1, 158. Wiv. V, 5, 12. Meas. V, 11. Err. III, 1, 35. Merch. I, 1, 97 etc.
== the time that, or the fact that, after to know and see: “I have known w. there was no music with him but the drum and the fife,” Ado II, 3, 13. “I know when thou hast stolen away from fairy land,” Mids. II, 1, 65. “I knew w. seven justices could not take up a quarrel,” As V, 4, 103. “I have seen w. after execution judgement hath repented,” Meas. II, 2, 11. Caes. II, 1, 20.
== which time; then (relative for demonstrative), after since and till: “I was adopted heir by his consent, since w. his oath is broke,” H6C II, 2, 89. “till w., be cheerful,” Tp. V, 250. “till w., go seek thy fortune,” Troil. V, 6, 19.
w. that == when: Sonn. 47, 3. LLL IV, 3, 145. As II, 7, 75 etc. (cf. That).
Scarcely distinguishable from if: “w. a painter would surpass the life, . . . so did this horse excel,” Ven. 289. “and for my sake, w. I might charm thee so for she that was thy Lucrece, now attend me,” Lucr. 1681. “'tis the curse in love . . . w. women cannot love where they're beloved,” Gent. V, 4, 44. “when she is able to overtake seventeen years old,” Wiv. I, 1, 54 (Evans' speech). “what a thing should I have been w. I had been swelled,” III, 5, 17 (or == after). “I may say so w. I please. And w. please you to say so? W. I like your favour,” Ado II, 1, 95. what madness rules in brainsick men, w. for so frivolous a cause such factious emulations “hall arise,” H6A IV, 1, 112. “would 'twere come to that. Marry, w. thou darest,” H6B II, 1, 39. Cor. III, 3, 53.
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